Xers-e Bozorg (#)
Fr.: Grande Ourse
The Great Bear. An extensive and prominent constellation in the region of the north celestial pole, at approximately 10h 40m right ascension, +56° declination. The seven brightest stars of Ursa Major are known as the → Big Dipper. The region contains the planetary → Owl Nebula and the spiral galaxies M81 and M82. Abbreviation: UMa, Genitive: Ursae Majoris.
Ursa,from L. ursus "bear," cognate with Pers. xers, as below;
Major irregular comparative adj. of magnus "large, great,"
cognate with Pers. meh "great, large"
(Mid.Pers. meh, mas; Av. maz-, masan-, mazant- "great,
important," mazan- "greatness, majesty," mazišta-
"greatest;" cf. Skt. mah-, mahant-; Gk. megas;
PIE *meg- "great").
Xers "bear," dialectal Tabari aš; Mid.Pers. xirs, Av. arša- "bear;" cf. Skt. rksa- "bear;" Gk. arktos; L. ursus; PIE base *rtko- "bear;" bozorg "large, magnificient, great;" Mid.Pers. vazurg "great, big, high, lofty;" O.Pers. vazarka- "great;" Av. vazra- "club, mace" (Mod.Pers. gorz "mace"); cf. Skt. vájra- "(Indra's) thunderbolt," vaja- "strength, speed;" L. vigere "be lively, thrive," velox "fast, lively," vegere "to enliven," vigil "watchful, awake;" P.Gmc. *waken (Du. waken; O.H.G. wahhen; Ger. wachen "to be awake;" E. wake); PIE base *weg- "to be strong, be lively."
Ursa Major star cluster
xuše-ye Xers-e Bozorg (#)
Fr.: amas de la Grande Ourse
A moving star cluster containing over 100 stars that are scattered over an area of sky more than 1,000 minutes of arc in diameter. The five brightest stars of the → Big Dipper as well as → Sirius belong to this → dynamical stream.