1) varšun; 2) šivâr
1a) General: A condition or place of great disorder or confusion.
Chaos, in Gk. mythology and cosmology, the void existing at the beginning of
the creation, as evoked in Hesiod's (c. 850 B.C.) Theogony.
However, the meaning of chaos, used by Hesiod, is a matter of debate.
Some have interpreted it as the primeval absence of order (hence
→ confusion). Subsequently, the Roman
writer Ovid (43 BC-17? AD) described Chaos in his Metamorphoses
as an unordered and formless primordial mass, and opposed
Chaos to Cosmos "the ordered universe."
1) Varšun, from Tabari varâšun, Gilaki varâšin,
daršin, uršin all meaning "confused, unordered, untidy,"
cf. Qomi šur-o-šin "chaos, confusion". The stem
šun-/šin- is related to Mod.Pers. šân- in
afšândan, šândan "to disperse, scatter, stew"
(Mid.Pers. afšândan "to spread, scatter"), Gilaki šondan
"to disperse," Hamadani šuândan "to derange, disorder,"
Laki veršânâ "to disperse, scatter," Šuštari
šayn "to shake, agitate,"
Kermâni owšin "a winnowing fork to separate chaff from the grain,"
Laki šovâné "scattered household furniture," Tabari timšan
"sowing seeds;" all ultimately from Proto-Ir. *šan- "to shake;" see also
The prefix var-, variant bar- "up, over"
(as well as dar- "in"), denotes "disorder, confusion"
as in darham barham "upside-down, helter-skelter".
Fr.: théorie du chaos
The theory of unpredictable behavior that can arise in systems obeying deterministic scientific laws.