Of or relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state.
M.E., from L. civilis "of or proper to a citizen," from civis "citizen, townsman," from PIE *kei- "to lie, homestead;" → city.
Šârin, from šâr "city," variant šahr; Mid.Pers. šahr "city, country, land" (O.Pers./Av. xšaθra- "kingship, kingdom," (Skt. ksatra-), from xšay-, "to rule;" cf. Skt. ksayati "possesses;" Gk. ktaomai "I acquire," ktema "piece of property") + -in suffix of adjectives, relations and agent nouns (as in qamin "sorrowful," nušin "sweet, agreeable (thing)."
Fr.: temps civil
Fr.: crépuscule civil
The time between sunset or sunrise and the moment when the Sun's center lies 6° below the horizon. → astronomical twilight.
1) An advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture,
knowledge, production, and legal organization has been reached.
The people or nations that have reached such a state.
verbal noun of → civilize.
Fr.: 1) civiliser; 2) se civiliser
1) To cause to evolve out of a primitive state as to technical,
moral, or intellectual matters.
1) Of a society or country, having well-organized laws and rules about
way of life.
Past participle of → civilize.