Fr.: environnement biotique
Ecology: The environment consisting of living organisms, which interact with each other and with their non-living surroundings.
Fr.: environnement circumstellaire
The circumstances or physical conditions related to the immediate surroundings of a star.
1, 2, 3) pargir (#); 3) zistbum
1) An aggregate of surrounding → circumstances,
→ conditions, or → influences
in which a thing is situated or is developed.
From environ + -ment; the first component from Fr. environs, plural of O.Fr. environ "compass, circuit," from environ (adv.) "around," from en- "in" + viron "circle, circuit," from virer "to turn."
Pargir, from par- "around, surrounding," variant pirâ-→ circum- + gir agent noun and
present stem of gereftan "to take, seize; to make prisoner; to intercept"
(Mid.Pers. griftan; Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, seize;" cf.
Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha
"seizing, holding, perceiving;" M.L.G. grabben "to grab,"
from P.Gmc. *grab; E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;"
PIE base *ghrebh- "to seize").
Fr.: environnement faible en métaux
A medium in which chemical elements have abundances smaller than the solar values.
Fr.: environnement riche en métaux
violent interstellar environment
pargir-e andar-axtari-ye surâ
Fr.: environnement interstellaire violent
A description of the interstellar medium justified by the presence of supersonic shock waves, massive star winds, turbulence, supernova explosions, etc.