Fr.: profil de cœur
Fr.: profile de densité
Fr.: profil Doppler
The shape of the spectral line resulting from the Doppler broadening.
Fr.: fichier exécutable
A type of binary file designed to be directly executed by a computer system. → executable program.
In computer science, a collection of related data or program records stored on a support.
From M.E. filen, from M.F. filer "to string documents on a thread," O.F. filer "to wind or spin thread," from L.L. filare "to spin, draw out in a long line," from L. filum "thread," from PIE base *gwhi- "thread, tendon;" cf. Gk. bios "bow;" Skt. jiyā- "bow-string;" Av. jiiā- "bow-string;" Mod.Pers. zeh "bow-string;" Arm. jil "string, line," Lith. gijà "thread;" Russ. žica "thread."
Parvandé "file," initially "a bundle, roll, truss (of clothes)," from Mid.Pers. parwastan, parwand- "to surround, enclose, contain, comprise," from par-, variants far-, par-, pirâ- "around, about" (Mid.Pers. pêrâ; O.Pers. pariy "around, about," Av. pairi "around, over;" Skt. pari; Indo-Iranian *pari- "around;" PIE base *per- "through, across, beyond;" cf. Gk. peri "around, about, beyond;" L. per "through") + vand-/band- stem of vastan/bastan "to bind, shut;" O.Pers./Av. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie" (cf. Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten;" PIE *bhendh- "to bind;" Ger. binden; E. bind).
Fr.: profile gaussien
The shape of a curve representing a normal distribution.
Fr.: profil instrumental
The shape of instrument's response to the input signal. The Fourier transform of the source function by the instrument function.
inverse P Cygni line profile
farâpâl-e P Cygni-ye vârun
Fr.: profil P Cygni inverse
A line profile in which the emission is on the blue side of the absorption. It is usually interpreted as the redshift of the absorption component relative to emission lines, which necessitates infall of matter.
Fr.: profil de raie
The representation of a spectral line as produced by an observing instrument.
line profile variability (LPV)
vartandegi-ye farâpâl-e xatt
Fr.: variabilité du profil de raie
Fr.: profil lorentzien
A spectral profile in which the intensity distribution follows a specific mathematical function (Lorentz or Cauchy probability). Compared to the normal or Gaussian profile, Lorentzian has a pointed peak and more important wings.
Fr.: profil moyen
The shape of a pulsar's pulse as determined by averaging several pulses.
P Cygni profile
farâpâl-e P Cygni
Fr.: profil P Cygni
A feature in a stellar spectrum showing strong hydrogen and helium emission lines with absorption lines on their blueward wing. This line profile indicates a strong outflow of matter from a star. → inverse P Cygni line profile.
After → P Cygni star.
A graph or drawing that shows the variation of one property (such as intensity), usually as ordinate, with respect to another property (such as wavelength). → line profile.
From It. profilo "a drawing in outline," from profilare "to draw in outline," from → pro- "forth" + filare "draw out, spin," from L.L. filare "to spin, draw out a line," from filum "thread," cognate with Pers. zeh "cord, string," → filament.
Farâpâl, from farâ-, → pro-, + pâl "thread, string," probably cognate with L. filum, as above.
profile fitting method
raveš-e sazkard-e farâpâl
Fr.: méthode de l'ajustement de profils
A method of analysis in which the observed stellar image profiles or spectral line profiles are fitted by model profiles in order to study and derive some properties of the object.
Fr.: profile de Sérsic
A mathematical function that describes how the → intensity I of a → galaxy varies with distance R from its center. It is given by: (dln I/dln R) = -(b/n)(R/Re)1/n. The constant b is chosen such that Re is the → effective radius; n is the Sérsic index. The Sérsic profile is a generalization of → de Vaucouleurs law. Setting n = 4 gives the de Vaucouleurs profile.
J. L. Sérsic, 1963, Boletin de la Asociacion Argentina de Astronomia, Vol. 6, p.41; → profile.
Fr.: profil de vitesse
A plot of the fluid velocity as a function of position.
Fr.: profil de Voigt
A spectral profile in which a → spectral line is broadened by two types of mechanisms, one of which alone would produce a & rarr; Gaussian profile (usually, as a result of the → Doppler broadening), and the other would produce a → Lorentzian profile.
After Woldemar Voigt (1850-1919), a German physicist; → profile.