Same as → capillary action.
muyin (#), muyiné (#)
1) Resembling a strand of hair; hairlike.
From L. capillaris "pertaining to hair," from capillus "hair."
Muyin, muyiné, from mu(y), → hair.
žireš-e muyiné, muyinegi
The ability of a → liquid to → flow in a → narrow space, such as a thin → tube, without the assistance of, and in opposition to, external forces like → gravity. Also called → capillarity. It occurs because of intermolecular → attractive forces between the liquid and solid surrounding surfaces. If the diameter of the tube is sufficiently small, then the combination of → surface tension (which is caused by → cohesion within the liquid) and → adhesion (between the liquid and the → container) acts to lift the liquid. The capillarity of the liquid is high when adhesion is greater than cohesion. For example, water in a thin glass tube has strong → adhesive forces due to the hydrogen bonds that form between the water molecules and the oxygen atoms in the glass wall (made of → silica, SiO2). In contrast, mercury is characterized by stronger cohesion, and hence its capillarity is much lower.
Fr.: colonne lumineuse
An atmospheric optical phenomenon appearing as a vertical shaft of light extending from the Sun or other bright light source during very cold weather. Light pillars or → sun pillars occur when artificial light or sunlight near the horizon is reflected from falling ice crystals associated with thin, high-level clouds. The ice crystals have a hexagonal plate shape and fall with a horizontal orientation, gently rocking from side to side as they fall.
An elongated structure often found at the interface between an → H II region and its associated → molecular cloud. Also called → elephant trunk. The most famous examples are the "pillars of creation" in the → Eagle Nebula, which are several → light-years in length. There are indications for star formation at the tips of the pillars. In general the pillars point like fingers toward the young → massive stars ionizing the nebula. Most of the mass is concentrated in the head which has a bright rim facing the young stars.
M.E. pillare, O.Fr. piler, from M.L. pilare, from L. pila "pillar, stone barrier."
Sotun "pillar," → column.
Fr.: pilier solaire
→ light pillar.