An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 4 Search : Virgo
Virgo
  دوشیزه   
Dušizé (#)

Fr.: Vierge   

The Maiden. A large constellation of the Zodiac, situated at the celestial equator with 13h right ascension, 2° south declination. The brightest star is the first magnitude → Spica, and there are seven others brighter than fourth magnitude. Because of the presence of a background galaxy cluster, → Virgo cluster, this constellation is especially rich in galaxies. Eleven of the brighter galaxies are listed in the → Messier catalog. Abbreviation: Vir; Genitive: Virginis.

L. virgo "maiden, unwedded girl or woman."

Dušizé "maiden, virgin;" Mid.Pers. dôšizag "maiden, virgin," related to duxtar, duxt "daughter" (O.Pers. *duxçi-; Av. dugədar-, duγdar-; cf. Skt. duhitár-, Gk. thygater; E. daughter; Ger. Tochter; PIE base *dhug(h)əter-); Manichean Mid.Pers. duxš "princess, girl of noble birth;" O.Pers. duxši- (Elamite du-uk-ši-iš) "royal princess" + diminutive suffix -izag, -izé (as in suffixed Fr. demoiselle, from V.L. *dominicella, from domin(a) "lady" + -i- + -cella diminutive suffix).

Virgo A
  دوشیزه A   
Dušizé A

Fr.: Virgo A   

The most powerful radio source in the constellation Virgo, among the thousands of galactic systems comprising the → Virgo Cluster. Optically, it is an elliptical galaxy (M87) with a luminous blue jet about 1500 pc long. It is also an X-ray source (3C 274, Virgo X-1, 2U 1228+12).

Virgo.

Virgo cluster
  خوشه‌ی ِ دوشیزه   
xuše-ye dušizé

Fr.: amas de la Viege   

The largest and nearest galaxy cluster to the Local Group. The Virgo cluster spans 120 square degrees on the sky and contains on the order of 2,000 galaxies. It is located at a distance of about 60 million light-years. It is an irregular cluster with no central concentration. The giant elliptical galaxy M87 is the most massive in the cluster.

Virgo; → cluster.

Virgo supercluster
  اَبَر-خوشه‌ی ِ دوشیزه   
abar-xuše-ye Dušizé

Fr.: superamas de la Vierge   

The irregular supercluster that contains the Virgo cluster and the Local Group. At least 100 galaxy groups and clusters are located within its diameter of 110 million light-years. It is one of millions of superclusters in the observable Universe.

Virgo; → supercluster.