biased statistics âmâr-e varakdâr Fr.: statistique biasée A statistics based on a → biased sample. → biased; → statistics. |
Bose-Einstein statistics âmâr-e Bose-Einstein (#) Fr.: statistique de Bose-Einstein Same as → Bose-Einstein distribution. → boson; → Einstein; → statistics. |
Fermi-Dirac statistics âmâr-e Fermi-Dirac (#) Fr.: distribution Fermi-Dirac The statistical distribution of → fermions over the energy states for a system in → thermodynamic equilibrium. In other words, the probability that a given energy level be occupied by a fermion. → fermi, → Dirac function; → statistics. |
statistics âmâr (#) Fr.: statistique A branch of applied mathematics that deals with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters. From Ger. Statistik "political science," from Mod.L. statisticus (collegium) "state affairs," from It. statista "person skilled in statecraft," from stato "state," ultimately from L. status "position, form of government;" cognate with Pers. ist-, istâdan "to stand" (Mid.Pers. êstâtan; O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set;" Av. hištaiti; cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand;" Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still;" L. stare "to stand;" Lith. statau "place;" Goth. standan; PIE base *sta- "to stand"). Âmâr "computation, arithmetic; statistics," from âmârdan "to reckon, to calculate," related to ošmârdan, šomârdan, šomordan "to count, to calculate," mar, mâr- "count, reckon, measure," bimar "countless," nahmâr "great, large, big;" Mid.Pers. âmâr "calculating, reckoning;" Av. base mar- "to have in mind, remember, recall," hišmar-; cf. Skt. smr-, smarati "to remember, he remembers," L. memor, memoria, Gk. mermera "care," martyr "witness." |