The force acting across a unit area in a solid body, tending to produce → strain in the body or part of it. When a stress is applied to a body, the ratio of stress to strain is a characteristic constant of the body. See also → shear.
Stress "hardship, adversity, force, pressure," in part a shortening of M.Fr. destresse (fr. détresse) in part from O.Fr. estrece "narrowness, oppression," from L. strictus "compressed," p.p. of stringere "draw tight."
Xošar variant of fešâr "pressure," cf. Lori xošâr, Aftari xešâr, Qazvini, Qomi xošâl, Tabari qošâr Khotanese ssarr- "to exhilarate;" loaned in Arm. ôšarak, in Ar. afšaraj "juice."