The highest point or upper part of a wave.
From O.Fr. creste "tuft, comb," from L. crista "tuft, plume; rooster's comb."
Setiq "summit; anything standing upright," from O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Mod.Pers. istâdan "to stand" (cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still," L. stare "to stand") + adj. suffix -iq, variants -ig, -ik, → -ics.
1) (adj.) Of or from outside the limits of the Earth.
→ extra- + → terrestrial.
Fr.: vie extraterrestre
Life that may exist and originate outside the planet Earth.
→ extraterrestrial; → life.
1) A large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush; woodland
M.E., from O.Fr. forest, probably from L.L. forestis (silva) "the outside woods," from L. foris "outside."
Jangal "a wood, forest, a vast land with plenty of trees;" cf. Skt. jangala- "arid , sparingly grown with trees and plants."
bâzsâzi-ye vine, ~ tasvir (#)
Fr.: restauration d'image
The process by virtue of which the original image can be created by removing the blurring and the noise that occur during image formation.
→ image; → restoration.
1) andarast; 2) andarastidan
Fr.: 1) intérêt; 2) intéresser
1a) The sense of curiosity about or concern with something or someone.
M.E., from M.L. from L. interest "it concerns," from M.L. interesse "compensation for loss," noun use of L. interesse "to concern, make a difference, be of importance," literally "to be between," from → inter- "between" + esse "to be," → entity.
Andarast, coined (Adib-Soltani) on the model of the L. word, as above, from andar "between," → inter-, + ast variant hast "is, exists," → entity.
Having an interest in something; having the attention engaged; being affected or involved.
P.p. of → interest.
Inspiring interest, holding the attention.
Adj. from → interest.
local standard of rest
estânde-ye mahali-ye âram
Fr.: standard local de repos
A frame of reference that turns around the Galactic center at a velocity and a distance which are the mean values for the stars in the solar neighborhood. In this reference system the stars belonging to the solar neighborhood are statistically at rest. The orbital velocity of the Local Standard of Rest around the Galaxy is about 220 km/sec.
Lyman alpha forest
jangal-e Lyman-alpha (#)
Fr.: forêt Lyman alpha
The appearance of many differentially → redshifted→ Lyman alpha lines in → absorption in a → quasar's → spectrum, caused by intervening → hydrogen clouds along our → line of sight to the quasar.
biš-barâvardan; 2) biš-barâvard
Fr.: 1) surestimer; 2) surestimation
1) To estimate at too high a value, amount, rate, or the like.
Fr.: au repos
Cessation or absence of motion. → rest energy; → rest mass.
M.E.; O.E. ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," akin to O.H.G. rasta "league of miles," O.N. rost "league, distance after which one rests."
Âram, variant of ârâm "rest, quiet, tranquility;" Mid.Pers. râm "peace," râmenidan "to give peace, pleasure," râmišn "peace, pleasure;" Av. ram- "to stay, rest;" cf. Skt. ram- "to stop, stand still, rest, become appeased;" Gk. erema "quietly, gently;" Goth. rimis "rest;" Lith. rãmas "rest."
Fr.: énergie au repos
The energy which a particle has when it is at rest. According to Einstein's → mass-energy relation, it is equal to the → rest mass times the square of the → speed of light: E = mc2.
Fr.: référentiel au repos, repère ~
The → frame of reference with respect to which an object or observer is at rest. A clock in that particular rest frame registers what is by definition → proper time. See also → moving frame.
Fr.: masse au repos
The → inertial mass that an object has when it is at rest relative to an observer.
kâruž-e jerm-e âram
Fr.: énergie au repos
Same as → rest energy.
bâzsâzi (#), bâzgardâneš
The act or process of restoring such as → image restoration.
Verbal noun of → restore.
1) To bring back into existence, use, or the like; reestablish.
M.E., from O.Fr. restorer, from L. restaurare "repair, rebuild, renew," from → re- "back, again" + -staurare, from PIE root *sta- "to stand, set down, make or be firm," → state.
Bâzsâxtan, from bâz- "back, again," → re-, +
sâxtan "to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from
Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare,
to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark,"
sâcaya- (causative) "to teach").
vine-ye bâzsâxté, tasvir-e ~
Fr.: image restaurée
An image that has been upgraded by a process of → image restoration.
Restored, p;p. of restore, → restoration; → image.
Tasvir, → image; bâzsâxté, p.p. of bâzsâxtan, → restoration.
niru-ye, bâzgardân, ~ bâzsâz
Fr.: force de rappel
A force that comes into play after a system is perturbed away from the equilibrium, tending to bring the system back the equilibrium position. For example, when a pendulum is displaced from its equilibrium position, it is subject to a restoring force due to gravity that will accelerate it back toward the equilibrium position. The restoring force combined with the pendulum's mass causes it to oscillate about the equilibrium position.