# An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and AstrophysicsEnglish-French-Persian

## فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

### M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

Homepage

Number of Results: 3105 Search : on
 place-value notation   نمادگان ِ جا-ارزشی   nemâdgân-e jâ-arezešiFr.: notation positionnelle   A mathematical notation system in which the → numerals get different values depending on their position relative to the other numerals. Same as → positional notation and → positional number system.→ place; → value; → notation. Planck constant   پایای ِ پلانک   pâyâ-ye Planck (#)Fr.: constante de Planck   A physical constant that determines the energy of quantum as a function of its frequency; symbol h. Also called → Planck's constant. On 16 November 2018, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) voted to redefine the kilogram by fixing the value of the Planck constant, thereby defining the kilogram in terms of the second and the speed of light. Starting 20 May 2019, the new value is exactly 6.626 070 15 × 10-34 J s. The → reduced Planck constant, ħ = h / 2π, is also called the → Dirac constant.→ Planck; → constant. Planck distribution   واباژش ِ پلانک   vâbâžeš-e PlanckFr.: distribution de Planck   The distribution of radiation with wavelength for a blackbody, given by → Planck's radiation law.→ Planck; → distribution. Planck function   کریای ِ پلانک   karyâ-ye PlanckFr.: fonction de Planck   Same as → Planck's blackbody formula.→ Planck; → function. Planck's constant   پایای ِ پلانک   pâyâ-ye Planck (#)Fr.: constante de Planck   → Planck; → constant. Planck's radiation law   قانون ِ تابش ِ پلانک   qânun-e tâbeš-e PlanckFr.: loi du rayonnement de Planck   An equation that expresses the energy radiated per unit area per unit time per unit wavelength range by a blackbody as a function of temperature. It is expressed by → Planck's blackbody formula.→ Planck; → radiation; → law. plane of polarization   هامن ِ قطبش   hâmon-e qotbešFr.: plan de polarisation   In a → linearly polarized light, a plane perpendicular to the → plane of vibration and containing the direction of propagation of light. It is also the plane containing the direction of propagation and the magnetic vector (H) of the electromagnetic light wave.→ plane; → polarization. plane of rotation   هامن ِ چرخش   hâmon-e carxešFr.: plan de rotation   For a rotating object, the plane → perpendicular to the → rotation axis.→ plane; → rotation. plane of vibration   هامن ِ شیوش   hâmon-e šivešFr.: plan de vibration   In a → linearly polarized light, a plane perpendicular to the → plane of polarization and containing the direction of propagation of light. It is also the plane containing the direction of propagation and the electric vector (E) of the electromagnetic light wave.→ plane; → polarization. plane polarization   قطبش ِ هامنی   qotbeš-e hâmoniFr.: polarisation plane   Same as → linear polarization.→ plane; → polarization. planetary aberration   بیراهش ِ سیاره‌ای   birâheš-e sayyâreyiFr.: aberration planétaire   The difference between the true position of a planet and its apparent position, due to the time required for light to travel the distance from the planet to Earth. Correction for planetary aberration is necessary in determining orbits.→ planetary; → aberration. planetary precession   پیشایان ِ سیاره‌ای   pišâyân-e sayyâre-yiFr.: précession planétaire   The motion of the → ecliptic plane caused by the gravitational influence of the other planets, mainly → Jupiter. The observational effect of planetary precession is similar to that of the → lunisolar precession. But planetary precession causes the → equinoxes to move along the ecliptic in the opposition direction (eastward) from that of luni-solar precession (westward) and at a much slower rate: 0''.12 per year. Same as → precession of ecliptic.→ planetary; → precession. PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO)   پلاتو   PLATOFr.: PLATO   A space observatory under development by the → European Space Agency for launch around 2024. Its objective is to detect and characterize → exoplanets by means of their → transit signature in front of a very large sample of → bright stars, and measure the seismic oscillations (→ asteroseismology) of the parent stars orbited by these planets in order to understand the properties of the exoplanetary systems.→ planetary; → transit; → oscillation; → star. plano-concave lens   عدسی ِ تخت-کاو   adasi-ye taxt-kâv (#)Fr.: lentille plano-concave   A → divergent lens composed of one concave surface and one plane surface. This type of lens has a negative focal point and produces a → virtual image.→ plano-; → concave; → lens. plano-convex lens   عدسی ِ تخت-کوژ   adasi-ye taxt-kuž (#)Fr.: lentille plano-convexe   A → convergent lens that has one flat side and one convex side. Plano-convex lenses focus parallel rays of light to a positive point, thus forming → real images.→ plano-; → convex; → lens. plasma oscillation   نوِش ِ پلاسما   naveš-e plâsmâFr.: oscillation de plasma   The oscillatory motion of electrons in a neutral plasma around their equilibrium position while the ions remain at rest. When electrons are displaced by any kind of perturbation with respect to ions, a pair of positive and negative charged regions is formed. The Coulomb force accelerates back the displaced electrons, which get kinetic energy. The electrons overshoot their original positions by the same amount as their first displacement.→ plasma; → oscillation. plasmon   پلاسمون   plâsmonFr.: plasmon   Physics: The quasiparticle resulting from the → quantization of → plasma oscillations. Plasmons are collective oscillations of free electrons inside or on surfaces of materials.From plasm-, from → plasma + → -on. plasmonics   پلاسمونیک   plâsmonikFr.: plasmonique   The research area dealing with the interaction of → plasmons and → photons and the technology of its practical use. Plasmonics represents one of the most active research fields at the interface of → nanotechnology and → optics.→ plasmon; → -ics. plastic deformation   وادیسش ِ شوکایند   vâdiseš-e šukâyandFr.: déformation plastique   Permanent → deformation of a → solid subjected to a → stress.→ plastic; → deformation. plate tectonics   سازانیک ِ پلاک   sâzânik-e pelâkFr.: tectonique des plaques   The theory supported by a wide range of evidence in which the Earth's crust is composed of several large, thin, relatively rigid plates that move relative to one another. The interaction of the plates at their boundaries causes seismic and tectonic activity along these boundaries. See also → continental drift.→ plate; → tectonics.