trace of a matrix
Fr.: trace de matrice
Fr.: traceur, marqueur
The tube in humans and other air-breathing vertebrates extending from the larynx to the bronchi, serving as the principal passage for conveying air to and from the lungs; the windpipe (Dictionary.com).
M.E. trache, from M.L. trachea, from L.L. trachia, from Gk. trakheia, in trakheia arteria "windpipe."
Nây, variants nay, ney, nâl "pipe, tube, reed, cane, windpipe;" Mid.Pers. nây "tube, reed, flute, clarion;" cf. Skt. nada-, nādha-, nala- "a hollow stalk, tube, pipe."
1) tor; 2) tor gereftan
Fr.: 1) trace, piste, trajet; 2) suivre la trace de
1a) Evidence, as a mark or a series of marks, that something has passed.
M.E. trak, from M.Fr. trac, from O.Fr. trac "track of horses, trace" (mid-15c.), possibly from a Germanic source (compare M.L.G. treck, Du. trek "drawing, pulling).
Tor, from Lori, Laki, Fini, Bandar-Abâsi tor "track, trace, mark;"
maybe ultimately from Proto-Ir. *tar- "to cross over;" cf. Av. tar-
"to cross over;" Mid.Pers. (+*ui-) widur-, widôr- "to pass (beyond, over); Pers.
gozar; Baluci tar(r)- "to walk;" Yaghnobi tir-, ter-
"to go, leave;" → trans-.
The facility that allows a telescope to follow a celestial object during in its westward motion in the sky.
Verbal noun from → track.
Fr.: précision de poursuite
The accuracy with which a → telescope tracks a target.
An inherited or common body of beliefs or practices belonging to a particular people, family, or institution over a relatively long period. Also their transmission over time.
M.E. tradicion, from O.Fr. tradicion, from L. traditionem "delivery, surrender, a handing down," from traditus, p.p. of tradere "to deliver, hand over," from → trans- "over" (time) + dare "to give," → datum.
The marks, signs, smells, etc., that are left behind by someone or something and that can often be followed (Webster). → star trail.
M.E. trailen "to draw or drag in the rear," from O.Fr. trailler "to tow," ultimately from L. tragula "dragnet," probably related to trahere "to pull."
Radd, variant of raj, râž, rak, râk, rezg (Lori), radé, râdé "line, rule, row," rasté, râsté "row, a market with regular ranges of shops;" ris, risé "straight," related to râst "right, true; just, upright, straight;" → system.
qatâr (#), teran (#)
1) A series or sequence of objects or events.
M.E., from O.Fr. train "tracks, path, trail; act of dragging," from trainer "to pull, drag, draw," from V.L. *traginare, from *tragere "to pull," back-formation from tractus, p.p. of L. trahere "to pull, draw."
Qatâr "a row of camels," loan from Ar.; teran, loan from Fr., as above.
Physics: The line or curve described by an object moving through space.
From Mod.L. trajectoria, from feminine of trajectorius "of or pertaining to throwing across," from L. trajectus "thrown over or across," p.p. of trajicere "throw across," from L. → trans- "across" + icere, combining form of jacere "to throw," → eject.
Prefix meaning "across, beyond, through;" variant tra-; used with both space
(point to point, shape to shape) and time (time to time, past to present, present to past)
From L. trans-, from preposition trans "across, over, beyond," cognate with Pers. tarâ- as below; cf. O.E. þurh, E. through; O.S. thuru; M.Du. dore, Du. door; O.H.G. thuruh, Ger. durch; Goth. þairh "through;" O.Ir. tre, Welsh tra "through;" PIE base *ter- "to cross."
Tarâ-, from Mid.Pers. tar (preposition) "through, across, over, beyond; over time;" tarmenidan "to abuse, despise," tarmenišn "conceited, disdainful;" O.Pers. tara "over, beyond, across;" Av. tarô, tarə "over, across, beyond," from O.Pers./Av. tar- "to cross over," O.Pers. vi-tar- "to go across," Mid.Pers. vitartan "to pass," Mod.Pers. gozar, gozaštan "to pass, cross," Av. tara-δāta- "placed beyond," tarô-yāra- "outlasting the years" (over time), vī-tərəta- "taken away, isolated;" O.Pers. tara-draya- "overseas;" Sogdian tr- "to go;" cf. L. trans-, as above; Skt. tar- "to pass (through), overcome," tárati "crosses, passes," tirás "through, across, beyond." The first element in the Mod.Pers. tarâvoš "exuding, trickling, oozing" is probably this prefix, → permeability. Another case may be tarzafân, tarzabân "interpreter, translator," with zafân, zabân, → language.
trans-Neptunian object (TNO)
Fr.: objet trans-neptunien
A member of a class of objects in orbit around the Sun at a larger distance than the distance between Neptune and the Sun. This includes several → dwarf planets, such as → Eris, → Pluto, and many small solar system bodies.
Fr.: raie transaurorale
A forbidden line emitted by interstellar ionized gas by several atomic species (O, O+, O++, N+, S++, etc.) corresponding to the transition from the electronic state 1S to 3P. Examples are the ultraviolet line of the doubly ionized oxygen [O III] at 2321 A and [N II] 3063 A. → auroral line; → forbidden line; → nebular line.
Tarâfarâzandé, from tarâ- "beyond, over," → trans-, + farâzandé agent noun of farâzandan "to raise, erect, exalt," from farâz "above, up, upon, on the top, aloft," from Mid.Pers. farâz, farâc "forward, prominent, distinguished;" Av. frānk- (adj.) "turned toward the front," fraca (adv.) "forward, forth," fraš (adv.) "forward, forth; before;" Proto-Iranian *frānk-.
Fr.: fonction transcendante
A function which is not → algebraic. For example y = cosx, y = 10xx.
Fr.: logique transcendantale
In Kantian epistemology, a pure logic which contains solely the rules of the pure thought of an object, excluding any mode of knowledge with empirical content. Whereas general logic is not concerned with the origin of our cognitions, transcendental logic would contain rules for the use of → a priori cognitions.
Fr.: nombre transcendant
A → real number that is not a → root of any → algebraic equation with → rational → coefficients. Every transcendental number is → irrational. Examples of transcendental numbers are π = 3.1415926... and e = 2.7182818...
Of a comprehensive framework that transcends the partial scope of disciplinary worldviews through an overarching synthesis, such as general systems, feminist theory, and sustainability. The term also connotes a new structure of unity informed by the worldview of complexity in science and a new mode of knowledge production that draws on expertise from a wider range of organizations, and collaborations with stakeholders in society. See also → interdisciplinary and → multidisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).
To convert (energy) from one form into another.
From L. transducere "lead across, transfer," from → trans- "across" + ducere "to lead."
Tarâhâxtan, from tarâ-, → trans-, + hâxtan, hâzidan, from Mid.Pers. "to lead, guide, persuade," Av. hak-, hacaiti "to attach oneself to, to join," cf. Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows," Gk. hepesthai "to follow,", L. sequi "to follow;" PIE *sekw-.
A device that converts one type of energy to another for various purposes, such as a microphone that converts acoustic energy into electrical impulses or a photodetector that converts modulated light waves to electrical currents.
Agent noun of → transduce.