-or -gar (#), -gâr (#), -kâr (#), -âr (#), -andé (#) Fr.: -eur A suffix forming agent nouns, occurring originally in loanwords from Anglo-French; it now functions in E. as an orthographic variant of -er. From M.E., from O.Fr. -o(u)r, from L. or-, extracted from -tor; Gk. -tor (e.g. dotor "giver," genetor "begetter," ktistor "founder"); cf. Av. -tar- (dātar- "giver," astar- "thrower," baxtar- "tributor"); Skt. -tr- (kartr- "doer," dhātr- "founder," astr- "thrower"). Agent suffix -gar, variant -gâr, -kâr, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make;" krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base k^{w}er- "to do, to make"). Suffix -âr, as in parastâr, xaridâr, foruxtâr, virâstâr, xâstâr, nemudâr. Agent suffix -andé, used with verbs. |
co-orbital ham-madâr Fr.: co-orbital Of or relating to two or more celestial bodies that share, or almost share, the same orbit. |
co-orbital motion jonbeš-e ham-madâri Fr.: mouvement co-orbital The motion of two or more bodies around the Sun on different orbits when it takes them the same amount of time to complete one revolution. There are three possible types of co-orbital motions of a small body associated with a planet: → tadpole orbits, → horseshoe orbits, and → quasi-satellite orbits. → co-orbital; → motion. |
co-orbital satellite mâhvâre-ye ham-madâr, bandevâr-e ~ Fr.: satellite co-orbital Any of satellites which either share the same orbit or which occupy immediately adjacent orbits that change periodically as the satellites approach one another (Ellis et al., 2007, Planetary Ring Systems, Springer). → co-orbital; → satellite. |
co-orbiting ham-madâri; ham-madâr Fr.: co-orbitage; c-orbitant, co-orbiteur The action or quality of a → co-orbiting asteroid. From co- "together," → com- + → orbit + → -ing. From ham- "together," → com- + madâr→ orbit + -i noun suffix. |
co-orbiting asteroid sayyârak-e ham-madâr Fr.: astéroïde co-orbiteur An asteroid having a → co-orbital motion. → co-orbiting; → asteroid. |
de-orbit vâmadâridan Fr.: désorbiter To cause a spacecraft to leave its operational orbit to enter a descent phase or to change course. |
de-orbiting vâmadâreš Fr.: désorbitage Of a spacecraft, the act or process of departing from an operational orbit. → de-orbit. Noun form of → de-orbit. |
first-order differential equation hamugeš-e degarsâne-yi-ye râye-ye naxost Fr.: équation différentielle du premier ordre A → differential equation containing only the first → derivative. For example, dy/dx = 3x and 2y(dy/dx) + 3x = 5. → first; → order; → differential; → equation. |
first-order logic (FOL) guyik-e farâsani-ye râye-ye naxost, ~ farâsanhâ-ye ~ ~ Fr.: logique des prédicats du premier ordre A system of → formal logic that is an extension of → propositional logic. It is also known as → first-order predicate calculus and → predicate logic. FOL eliminates deficiencies of propositional logic by: representing → objects (their properties, relations and statements about them), introducing → variables, and introducing → quantifiers. |
first-order partial derivative vâxane-ye pâri-ye râye-ye naxost Fr.: dérivée partielle du premier degré For a → function with several → variables, the derivative, done only once, with respect to one of the variables. For example ∂u/∂x for u = u(x,y). → first; → order; → partial; → derivative. |
first-order predicate calculus afmârik-e farâsani-ye râye-ye naxost Fr.: cacul des prédicats du premier ordre Same as → first-order logic. |
first-order spectrum binâb-e râye-ye naxost Fr.: spectre du premier ordre An optical spectrum, produced by a diffraction grating, in which the difference in path length of light from adjacent slits is one wavelength. |
object-oriented programming barnâme-sâzi-ye barâxt-gerâ Fr.: programme orienté objet In computer science a programming technique that uses → objects and their interactions to design applications and programs. → object; oriented, p.p. from the verb of → orientation; → programming. Barnâme-sâzi, → programming; barâxt, → object; gerâ agent adj. of gerâyidan "to incline toward; to intend; to make for." The stem gerâ may be a variant of Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined" (k/g and l/r interchanges), from PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline," cognate with L. clinare "to bend" (E. declination, inclination, etc.), Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline," Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-, Av. sray- "to lean," P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean). |
second-order logic guyik-e râye-ye dovom Fr.: logique du seconde ordre An n extension of → first-order logic that quantifies not only → variables that range over → individuals, but also quantifies over → relations. |
spin-orbit coupling jafsari-ye espin-madâr, jofteš-e ~ Fr.: couplage spin-orbite 1) Astro.: A relationship between the orbital period of one body around another
and its rotational period on its axis. The relationship results from tidal forces
between the two bodies. For example, the rotation period of the Moon equals its revolution
period around the Earth. |
well-ordered set hangard-e xoš-râyé Fr.: ensemble bien ordonné A set in which every → nonempty → subset has a minimum element. |