complex organic molecule (COM)
molekul-e orgânik-e hamtâft
Fr.: molécule organique complexe
Any organism too small to be seen by the naked eye, e.g. bacteria, viruses, and protozoa.
radebandi-ye Morgan-Keenan (#)
Fr.: classification de Morgan-Keenan
A system of → spectral classification introduced in 1943 by William W. Morgan (1906-1994), Philip C. Keenan (1908-2000), and Edith M. Kellman (1911-2007) at Yerkes Observatory. Also known as the MK (or MKK) classification or the → Yerkes system.
Named after the two main astronomers, as above; → classification.
1) andâm; 2 org; 3, 4) orgân
Fr.: 1, 3, 4) organe; 2) orgue
1) Biology: A structure consisting of tissues and performing
some specific function in an organism, e.g. the heart, kidneys, liver, stomach.
O.E. organe, from O.Fr. orgene "musical instrument," from L. organa, pluriel of organum, from Gk. organon "implement, musical instrument, organ of the body," literally "that with which one works," from PIE *werg-ano-, from base *werg- "to do, to work" related to Gk. ergon "work" (cf. Av. varəz- "to work, do, perform, exercise;" Mod.Pers. varz-, varzidan "to labor, exercise, practise;" Arm. gorc "work;" Lith. verziu "tie, fasten, squeeze," vargas "need, distress;" Goth. waurkjan; O.E. wyrcan "work," wrecan "to drive, hunt, pursue").
1) Andâm, from Mid.Pers. handam "member, limb;" Av. handāma-
"limb;" from Proto-Iranian *ham-dāman-, from prefix ham-→ com- + *dāman- "created;" Av. dā-
"to give, grant; to put; to create; to determine"
(O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield,"
dadāiti "he gives;" Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" cf.
Skt. dadáti "he gives;"
Gk. tithenai "to place, put, set," didomi "I give;"
L. dare "to give, offer," facere "to do, to make;"
Rus. delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun,
O.E. don "to do;" PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do");
cf. Skt. sandháy- "joint, articulation."
1) orgânik, âli; 2) sâzmândâr; 3) orgânik
1) Of, relating to, or derived from living organisms: organic matter.
1) Orgânik, loan from Fr.; âli loan from Ar.; 2) sâzmândâr, from sâzmân, → organization, + dâr "having, possessor" (from dâštan "to have, to possess," Mid.Pers. dâštan, O.Pers./Av. root dar- "to hold, keep back, maitain, keep in mind," Skt. dhr-, dharma- "law," Gk. thronos "elevated seat, throne," L. firmus "firm, stable," Lith. daryti "to make," PIE *dher- "to hold, support").
šimi-ye orgânik, ~ âli
Fr.: chimie organique
The study of compounds that contain carbon chemically bound to hydrogen.
Fr.: molécule organique
A molecule that is normally found in or produced by living systems. Organic molecules typically consist of carbon atoms in rings or long chains, where other atoms (e.g. hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen) are attached, except for → carbon monoxide (CO) and → carbon dioxide (CO2), etc.
A living individual composed of mutually interdependent parts that
maintain various vital processes.
From → organ + -ism a suffix appearing in loanwords from Gk. denoting several senses, among which state or condition, principles, doctrines.
Sâzvâré, from sâz present stem of sâxtan, sâzidan "to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare, to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark," sâcaya- (causative) "to teach") + -vâré, from -vâr a suffix meaning "resembling, like" (from Mid.Pers. -wâr; Av. -vara, -var; cf. Skt. -vara).
1) The act or process of organizing.
M.E. organizacion, from M.L. organization-, from organizatus p.p. of organizare "organize" + -ate.
Sâzmân, from sâz present stem of sâxtan, sâzidan
"to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from
Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare,
to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark,"
sâcaya- (causative) "to teach") + -mân verbal noun suffix
used with present and past stems, as in zâymân, câymân;
sâzmân dâdan, sâzmânidan
To form as or into a whole consisting of interdependent or coordinated parts.
Sâzmân dâdan, from sâzmân, → organization, + dâdan "to give" (O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives;" Skt. dadáti "he gives;" Gk. tithenai "to place, put, set," didomi "I give;" L. dare "to give, offer," facere "to do, to make;" Rus. delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do;" PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do"); sâzmânidan, from sâzmân + -idan infinitive suffix.
A class of molecules that contain at least one → halogen atom bonded to → carbon. Organohalogens are abundant on the Earth where they are mainly produced through industrial and biological processes. They have been proposed as → biomarkers in the search for life on → exoplanets. Simple halogen hydrides have been detected in → interstellar medium sources and in → comets. → Methyl chloride (CH3Cl), the most abundant organohalogen in the Earth's atmosphere, has both → natural and → synthetic production pathways (Fayolle et al., 2017, Nature Astronomy 1, 703).