An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 8 Search : storm
dust storm
  غبار-توفان   
qobâr-tufân

Fr.: tempête de poussière   

An unusual, frequently severe weather condition characterized by strong winds and dust-filled air over an extensive area. See also → dust devil, → dust whirl.

dust; → storm.

geomagnetic storm
  توفان ِ زمین‌مغناتیسی، ~ زمین‌مغناتی   
tufân-e zamin-meqnâtisi, ~ zamin-meqnâti

Fr.: orage géomagnétique   

A violent disturbance of the Earth's magnetic field, distinct from regular diurnal variations, following a → solar flare or → coronal mass ejection.

geomagnetic; → storm.

magnetic storm
  توفان ِ مغناتیسی   
tufân-e meqnâtisi (#)

Fr.: orage magnétique   

A temporary, worldwide disturbance of the Earth's magnetic field by streams of charged particles from the Sun. Magnetic storms are frequently characterized by a sudden onset, in which the magnetic field undergoes marked changes in the course of an hour or less, followed by a very gradual return to normalcy, which may take several days.

magnetic; → storm.

meteor storm
  توفان ِ شهابی   
tufân-e šahâbi (#)

Fr.: orage de météorites   

An extremely intense → meteor shower, in which hundreds or even many thousands of → meteors per hour may be observed. During the great → Leonids meteor storm of 1833 an estimated number of about 150,000 meteors fell per hour.

meteor; → storm.

radio storm
  توفان ِ رادیویی   
tufân-e radioyi (#)

Fr.: orage radio   

Strong radio frequency radiation from the Sun, occurring in association with eruptions of solar flares or other causes of solar activity.

radio; → storm.

sandstorm
  ماسه‌باد   
mâse-bâd (#)

Fr.: tempête de sable   

A strong wind carrying sand through the air.

sand; → storm.

storm
  توفان   
tufân (#)

Fr.: orage   

An atmospheric disturbance with strong winds accompanied by rain, snow, or other precipitation and often by thunder and lightning.
A violent disturbance or upheaval.

M.E, from O.E. storm; cf. O.S., M.L.G., M.Du., Du. storm, O.H.G., Ger. sturm.

Tufân "storm; the roaring of the sea; noise, confused hum of men or animals," Lori tufo, Laki tuf "intense shower accompanied by wind," from tufidan "to roar, raise a tumult."

thunderstorm
  تندر-توف، توفان ِ تندری   
tondar-tuf, tufân-e tondari

Fr.: orage   

A → storm of → thunder and → lightning. Thunderstorms are associated with → convective clouds (Cumulonimbus) and are often accompanied by → precipitation. They are usually short-lived and hit on only a small area.

thunder; → storm.

Tondar-tuf, tufân-e tondari, from tondar, → thunder + tuf stem of tufidan "to roar, to raise a tumult," tufân "storm, the roaring of the sea, the confused hum of men or animals." This Persian word may be related to Gk. typhon "whirlwind, mythical monster associated with tempests."