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complaint garzeš Fr.: plaint An expression of discontent, regret, pain, censure, resentment, or grief; lament; faultfinding (Dictionary.com). M.E. compleynte, from O.Fr. complainte "complaint, lament," noun from complaindre "to lament," → complain. Verbal noun of garzidan, → complain. |
complement osporân Fr.: complément 1) Math., logic: With reference to any set A, conceived as a subset
of some larger set U, all the elements of U that are not contained
in A. From O.Fr. complement, from L. complementum "that which fills up or completes," from complere "fill up," → complete. Osporân, from ospor present tense stem of osporidan "to → complete." |
complementarity osporandegi Fr.: complémentarité The state or quality of being → complementary. From → complementary + → -ity. From osporandé, → complementary, + -gi, same as -i noun suffix. |
complementarity principle parvaz-e osporandegi Fr.: principe de complémentarité Physical principle, put forward by Niels Bohr in 1928, that a complete knowledge of phenomena on atomic dimensions requires a description of both wave and particle properties. → complementarity; → principle. |
complementary osporandé Fr.: complémentaire Forming or serving as a complement; completing. From → complement. |
complementary angle zâviyé-ye osporandé Fr.: angle complémentaire Any angle that when added to another one creates a 90° angle. → complementary; → angle. |
complementary apertures dahânehâ-ye osporandé Fr.: ouvertures complémentaires Same as → complementary screens. → complementary; → aperture. |
complementary screens pardehâ-ye osporandé Fr.: écrans complémentaires Two apertures where opaque and transparent areas are inverted. If A is an aperture that has some opaque areas and some transparent ones, the complementary pattern A' is the pattern in which exactly the opposite areas are opaque and transparent. Thus, the complimentary screen of a single slit is a wire of the same size, and the complementary screen of a circular opening is a dot. A better term would be → complementary apertures. → complementary; → screen. |
complete 1) ospor; 2) osporidan Fr.: 1) complet; 2) compléter 1a) General: Having all necessary parts, elements, or steps. From O.Fr. complet "full," from L. completus, p.p. of complere "to fill up," from → com- + plere "to fill," PIE *pelu- "full," from *pel- "to be full;" cf. O.Pers. paru- "much, many," Av. parav-, pauru-, pouru-, par- "to fill," Mod.Pers. por "full," Skt. puru-, Gk. polus. 1) Ospor, from Mid.Pers. uspurr "complete, entire," from
prefix us-, os-, → ex-, + por "full,"
O.Pers. paru- "much, many," Av. parav-, pauru-, pouru-,
par- "to fill," PIE *pelu- "full," from *pel-
"to be full;" cf. Skt. puru-, Gk. polus,
O.E. full "completely, full," from P.Gmc.
*fullaz, O.H.G. fol, Ger. voll, Goth. full. |
complete graph negâre-ye ospor Fr.: graphe complet In → graph theory, a simple graph with an → edge between every pair of → vertices. |
complete set hangard-e ospor Fr.: ensemble complet Quantum mechanics: A set of states such that any state can be represented as a superposition of them. |
completeness ospori Fr.: complétude 1) The state of being complete and entire. |
completeness magnitude borz-e ospori Fr.: magnitude de complétude In photometric studies of a → population of astronomical objects (usually stars or galaxies), the magnitude that represents the faintest members of the population. → completeness; → magnitude. |
complex hamtâft (#) Fr.: complexe 1) General: (n. & adj.) A whole comprised of many elements.
→ complex wave. From Fr. complexe, from L. complexus "surrounding, encompassing," p.p. of complecti "to embrace, encompass, include," from → com- "together" + plectere "to weave, twine." Hamtâft, from ham- "together," → com- + tâft past stem of tâftan, tâbidan "to twist, to spin, to bend, to crook," p.p. tâftah "spun, silk or linen cloth," loaned into E. taffeta (from O.Fr. taffetas, from It. taffeta); similarly Gk. tapetion "little carpet" is probably from this Iranian origin (from which tapestry, tapis); Proto-Ir. *tap- "to spin," related to tan-, tanidan "to spin; to stretch," → tension. |
complex conjugate hamyuq-e hamtâft (#) Fr.: conjugé A → complex number in which the → real part of the number remains the same, but i is replaced by -i. For example, the complex conjugate of x + iy is x - iy. Same as → conjugate complex number. |
complex dynamical variable vartande-ye tavânik-e hamtâft Fr.: variable dynamique complexe A → dynamical variable which has an → imaginary number part. |
complex Fourier series seri-ye Fourier-ye hamtâft Fr.: série de Fourier complexe The complex notation for the → Fourier series of a function f(x). Using → Euler's formulae, the function can be written in cimplex form as f(x) = Σ c_{n} e^{inx} (summed from -∞ to ∞), where the → Fourier coefficients are c_{n} = (1/2π)∫ f(x) e^{-inx} dx (integral from -π to +π). → complex; → Fourier series. |
complex fraction barxe-ye hamtâft Fr.: fraction complexe A fraction in which the → numerator or → denominator, or both, contain fractions. For example (3/5)/(6/7). Also called → compound fraction. |
complex molecule molekul-e hamtâft Fr.: molécule complexe A molecule in the → interstellar medium comprising at least six atoms (e.g. Herbst & van Dishoeck, 2009, ARA&A). |
complex number adad-e hamtâft (#) Fr.: nombre complexe Any number of the form u = a + bi, where a and b are → real numbers and i imaginary, i.e. i^{2} = -1. |
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