An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < -ci cal Cal can cap car Cas cat cau cel cen Cep cha cha cha che Chi chu cir cir cla cla clo clu CO coa cog col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cot cou cov cre cri cro cry Cup cus cyc > >>

Number of Results: 1335
concave mirror
  آینه‌ی ِ کاو   
âyene-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: miroir concave   

A mirror whose surface is curved inward and converges the light rays.

concave; → mirror.

concavo-convex lens
  عدسی ِ کاو-کوژ   
adasi-ye kâv-kuž (#)

Fr.: lentille concavo-convexe   

A type of → convergent lens that is concave on one surface and convex on the opposite surface. Also called → meniscus lens. Meniscus lenses are used most often in conjunction with another lens to produce an optical system of a longer or shorter → focal length than the original lens.

concave; → convex; → lens.


Fr.: concevoir   

To form a notion or idea of.

M.E., from O.Fr. conceivre, from L. concipere "to take fully, take in," → concept.

Verb from begert, → concept.

  ۱) هم‌مرکزیدن، هم‌مرکز کردن؛ ۲) دبزیدن   
1) hammarkazidan, hammarkaz kardan; 2) dabzidan

Fr.: concentrer   

1) To bring or draw to a common center or point of union.
2) Of a solution, to make denser, stronger, or purer, esp. by the removal or reduction of liquid.

Verb with p.p. → concentrated.

  ۱) هم‌مرکزیده؛ ۲) دبز   
1) hammarkazidé; 2) dabz

Fr.: concentré   

1) Gathered together closely.
2) Made denser, purer.

Past participle of → concentrate.

1) Past participle of hammarkazidan, → concentrate.
2) Dabz "dense, thick, concentrated, coarse," variants dafzak and gabz; Av. bəzuuant- "thick, dense," bazah- "thickness, denseness;" Baluchi baz "thick, coarse;" Zazaki vezdin "oily, greasy" Ossetic bæzgin "thick, dense;" cf. Skt. bamh "to thicken, become dense;" Gk. pakhos "thickness, density;" PIE base bhengh- "to become/make dense, thick" (see Cheung 2007).

  ۱) هم‌مرکزش، دبزش؛ ۲) دبزش   
1) hammarkazeš, dabzeš 2) dabzeš

Fr.: concentration   

1) The act of concentrating or the state of being concentrated.
2) Chemistry: A measure of the amount of dissolved substance contained per unit of volume in a solution.

Verbal noun from → concentrate.

hammarkaz (#)

Fr.: concentrique   

Having a common center, as circles or spheres.

From O.Fr. concentrique, from M.L. concentricus, from → com- "together" + centrum "circle, center."

ham- + centric, from → center

concentric lens
  عدسی ِ هم‌مرکز   
adasi-ye hammarkaz (#)

Fr.: lentille concentrique   

A lens having surfaces whose centers of curvature coincide.

concentric; → lens.


Fr.: concept   

1) Something → conceived in the → mind; a constituent of → thought.
2) The generic term for the members of a given → class of any sort, or the → term for the class itself. In other words, a unit of → knowledge abstracted from a set of characteristics or properties attributed to a class of objects, relations, or entities.

From M.L. conceptus "something conceived," p.p. of concipere "to take in," from → com- intensive prefix + cipere, combining form of capere "to take," PIE base *kap- "to grasp;" cf. Skt. kapati "two handfuls;" Gk. kaptein "to swallow;" O.Ir. cacht "servant-girl," literally "captive;" Goth. haban "have, hold;" O.E. habban "to have, hold;" Av. haf-, hap- "to keep, observe;" probably Mod.Pers. kapidan, qâpidan "to seize."

Begert "seized, taken, caught; supposed, imagined," from intensive prefix be- "to, for, in, on, with, by" (→ ad hoc) + gert, from gerté, variant of gerefté "seized, taken," from gereftan "to seize, take, catch; to suppose, imagine," as in Laki gert, gerten, Lori gereta, Kurd. girtin "to take, seize, catch;" Abyâne-yi geratan, Ardestâni girette, Abuzeydâbâdi grata; Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, to seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, to take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving;" M.L.G. grabben "to grab;" Gothic greipan, O.H.G. grifan, Ger. greifen "to seize," begreifen "to seize, understand," Begriff "concept;" E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE *ghrebh- "to seize."

concept map
  نقشه‌ی ِ بگرتی   
naqše-ye begerti

Fr.: schéma conceptuel   

A chart showing a central concept with suggested relationships with other concepts, which are subtopics of the central concept. The map is ordered into a tree structure with multiple branches.

concept; → map.


Fr.: conception   

1) The act of conceiving; the state of being conceived.
2) The process of arriving at an abstract idea or belief.

Verbal noun of → conceive.

  بگرتال، بگرتی   
begertâl, begerti

Fr.: conceptuel   

Of, relating to, or consisting of concepts.

concept + → -al.

conceptual diagram
  نمودار ِ بگرتی   
nemudâr-e begerti

Fr.: schéma conceptuel   

Same as → concept map.

conceptual; → diagram.


Fr.: conceptualisme   

Any of several doctrines existing as a compromise between realism and nominalism and regarding universals as concepts (

conceptual; → -ism.

  بگرتالش، بگرتی-کرد   
begertâleš, begerti-kard

Fr.: conceptualisation   

The act or result of forming into a → concept.

conceptual + → -ize.

  بگرتالیدن، بگرتی کردن   
begertâlidan, begerti kardan

Fr.: conceptualiser   

To form a → concept of or to interpret conceptually.

conceptual + → -ize.

  ۱) هاژیدن، هاژه داشتن؛ ۲) هاژه   
1) hâžidan, hâžé dâštan; 2) hâžé

Fr.: 1) concerner, toucher, affecter; 2) rapport, relation   

1) To relate to; be connected with; be of interest or importance to; affect.
2a) Marked interest or regard usually arising through a personal tie or relationship.
2b) Matter for consideration.

M.E. concernen, from M.Fr. concerner, from M.L. concernere "to concern, touch, belong to," from L. concernere "to sift, mix, as in a sieve," from → com- "with" + cernere "to sift," hence "perceive, comprehend," → crisis.

Hâžidan (Dehxodâ, Steingass) "to look at, to see; to be distracted, at a loss" (on the model of E. regard, as regards, regarding), maybe ultimately from Proto-Ir. *Haxš- "to guard, supervise, to look, see;" cf. Av. aiβiiāxš- "to guard, supervise;" Mid.Pers. 'xšyn- "to hear;" Gazi b-âš "look!;" Yaghnobi yaxš- "to be seen, visible;" Skt. áksi- "eye;" Gk. osse "both eyes;" L. oculus "eye" (Cheung 2007).

  ۱) هاژیده؛ ۲) نگران   
1) hâžidé; 2) negarân

Fr.: 1) concerné; 2) inquiét, soucieux, affecté   

1a) Involved in something or affected by it.
1b) Having a connection or involvement; participating.
2) Troubled or anxious.

Past participle of → concern.

  هاژان ِ   

Fr.: concernant   

Relating to; regarding; about.

concern; → -ing.


Fr.: conclure   

To bring or come to an end; to determine, settle, or arrange finally.

From L. concluere "to close, end an argument," from → con- "together" + claudere "to close, shut," → include.

Âkolândan, from â- nuance/intensive prefix + kolândan "to shut," → include.

<< < -ci cal Cal can cap car Cas cat cau cel cen Cep cha cha cha che Chi chu cir cir cla cla clo clu CO coa cog col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cot cou cov cre cri cro cry Cup cus cyc > >>