cowlé kardan, cowlidan
Fr.: déformer, altérer
To twist awry or out of shape; make crooked or deformed (Dictionary.com).
From L. distortus, p.p. of distorquere "to distort," from → dis-, + torquere "to twist."
Cowlé "distorted, crooked, bent," variants [Mo'in] kowlé, kal, kil, Lori cowel, Laki hoval, hol, Malâyeri caval, hol, Tabari, Aftari val, Mid.Pers. xwahl "bent, crooked;" PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline" from which is also derived Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline," L. clinare "to bend," → declination.
cowlegi (#), cowleš
Fr.: distorsion, déformation
1) Extent to which a system, optical, acoustic, or electronic, fails to reproduce
accurately at its output the characteristics of the input.
Verbal noun of → distort.
Distribute, from L. distributus p.p. of distribute "deal out in portions," from → dis- + tribuere "to pay, assign, allot," from tribus "tribe."
Vâbâžidan, infinitive of vâbâž, from vâ-→ dis- + bâž "tribute, toll, impost," from Mid.Pers. bâj, bâž "tribute, tax," baxtan "to distribute," baxt "luck, fate," O.Pers. bāji- "tribute, tax," Av. bag- "to distribute, divide, allot," cf. Skt. bhaj- "to share, distribute, apportion," Gk. phagein "to eat (to have a share of food)"; PIE base *bhag- "to share out, apportion;" → division.
An act or instance of distributing; the state or manner of being distributed; something that is distributed. → binomial distribution, → Bose-Einstein distribution, → brightness distribution, → chi-square distribution, → cumulative distribution function, → distribution function, → Gaussian distribution, → Gibbs canonical distribution, → lognormal distribution, → Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, → normal distribution, → Poisson distribution, → power-law distribution, → probability distribution, → spectral energy distribution.
Verbal noun of → distribute
Fr.: fonction de distribution
A function that gives the relative frequency with which the value of a statistical variable may be expected to lie within any specified interval. For example, the Maxwellian distribution of velocities gives the number of particles, in different velocity intervals, in a unit volume.
Fr.: loi distributive
The state or quality of being distributive.
Noun of → distributive.
Fr.: déranger, perturber
1) To interfere with; interrupt; hinder.
Parišândan, infinitive from parišân "dispersed, scattered," also parišidan "to disperse, get disturbed," ultimately from Proto-Ir. *parišan- literally "disperse around," from *pari-, Pers. par-, pirâ-, → peri-, + *šan- "to shake;" cf. afšândan, → volcano; Choresmian šny- "to tremble;" Zazaki šânâyiš/šânen- "to shake, scatter;" Kurd râšândin "to spread;" Tabari šanne "he shakes" (Cheung 2007).
Fr.: dérangement, perturbation
The act of disturbing. The state of being disturbed.
Verbal noun of → disturb.
Having a period of, occurring in, or related to a → day.
L.L. diurnalis, from V.L. diurnum "day" (Fr. jour), from L. diurnus "daily," from dies "day" + -urnus, an adj. suffix denoting time. Dies "day" from PIE base *dyeu- "to shine;" cf. Gk. delos "clear;" L. deus; Skt. deva "god;" Mod.Pers. div "devil, demon;" O.Pers. daiva- "evil god, demon;" Av. daēva- "evil spirit, false god;" Gk. Zeus "supreme god."
Ruzâné, from ruz→ day + -âné a suffix forming adverbs and adjectives.
Fr.: aberration diurne
The aberration of a star's position due to the rotation of the Earth. Its value depends on the latitude of the observer, and is only 0''.32 in the case of an observer at the equator, where the rotational velocity is greatest.
parhun-e ruzâné, dâyere-ye ~
Fr.: cercle diurne
The apparent path of an object in the sky during one day, due to Earth's rotation.
Fr.: libration diurne
Daily geometrical libration of the Moon arising from the fact that observers at different points on the Earth see the Moon from slightly different angles. As the Moon rises in the east, you are positioned on one side of our planet, and by the time it sets in the west. Earth's rotation has carried you to the other side. This change in position produces a slight → parallax effect that adds about another 1° of libration in longitude. Two other geometrical libration are → libration in longitude and → libration in latitude. See also → physical libration.
Fr.: mouvement diurne
The daily apparent motion of all celestial objects, due to Earth's rotation.
Fr.: parallaxe diurne
The apparent difference between the position of a celestial object measured from the Earth's surface and the position that would be recorded by a hypothetical observer at the center of the Earth. Same as → geocentric parallax.
1) quté, 2) quté xordan
Fr.: 1) plongon; 2) plonger
1a) An act or instance of diving.
M.E. diven "to dive, dip," O.E. dufan (strong verb) "to dive, duck, sink" and dyfan "to dip, submerge" (weak, transitive), related to → deep.
Quté is possibly Pers., since Farhang-e Asadai records it with "t" and not Ar. "tayn" (Dehxoda), although its etymology is not established. We propose ultimately from Proto-Ir. *ui-pat-, from *pat- "to fall, to fly," to which is related Pers. oft-, oftâdan "to → fall;" cf. Pashto. qupah "a dip, a dive, a plunge."
(v.intr.) To move, or extend in different directions from a common point.
M.L. divergere, from → di- "apart," variant of → dis- + vergere "to bend, turn, incline," from PIE *werg- "to turn," from base *wer- "to turn, bend" (cf. L. vertere "to turn," Av. varət- "to turn," Mod.Pers. gard, gardidan "to turn," Skt. vartate "turns round, rolls," Gk. rhatane "stirrer, ladle," Ger. werden, O.E. weorðan "to become."
Verâyidan, from vâ- "apart," → de-, + gerâyidan "to incline toward; to intend; to make for," infinitive of gerâ, the etymology of which is not clear. Gerâ may be a variant of Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined" (k/g and l/r interchanges), from PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline," cognate with L. clinare "to bend" (E. declination, inclination, etc.), Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline," Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-, Av. sray- "to lean," P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean).
1) The act, fact, or amount of diverging.
From diverge, → diverge, + -ence a noun suffix.
Vâgerâyi, from vâgerâ stem of vâgerâyidan, → diverge, + noun suffix -i.
Fr.: théorème de flux-divergence
Same as → Gauss's theorem.