An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 753
deconvolution algorithm
  خوارزمیک ِ واهماگیش   
xârazmik-e vâhamâgiš

Fr.: logiciel de déconvolution, algorithme ~ ~   

An algorithm used to improve the resolution of an image particularly when the convolving function is well defined. Also called deconvolution code.

deconvolution; → algorithm.

deconvolve
  واهماگیشیدن   
vâhamâgišidan

Fr.: déconvoluer   

Verbal form of → deconvolution.

From → de- + → convolve.

decouple
  واجفسریدن، واجفتیدن   
vâjafsaridan, vâjoftidan

Fr.: découpler   

1) To separate or detach; to cause to become disconnected or divergent.
2) Electronics: To reduce or eliminate the coupling of (one circuit or part to another).
3) Physics: To decrease or eliminate the shock waves of a nuclear explosion by having it take place underground.

de- + → couple.

decoupling
  واجفسری، واجفتش   
vâjafsari, vâjofteš

Fr.: découplage   

Cosmology: In the early history of the Universe, separation of matter and radiation due to their non-interaction. At a redshift of 1000, that is about 400,000 years after the Big Bang, the temperature would have cooled to the point (4000 degrees Kelvin) where electrons and nuclei can recombine and form neutral hydrogen atoms. Since atoms do not scatter the radiation appreciably, free electrons were lacking, and the Universe became transparent to radiation. Same as → recombination. See also → decoupling era.

Verbal noun of decouple, from → de- + → couple + → -ing.

decoupling era
  دوران ِ واجفسری، ~ واجفتش   
dowrân-e vâjafsari, ~ vâjofteš

Fr.: époque du découplage   

The era some 400,000 years after the → Big Bang, when the cosmic → blackbody radiation was last scattered by the matter. → decoupling. Same as → recombination era and → last scattering epoch.

decoupling; → era.

decrease
  ۱) کاستن، کاهیدن؛ ۲) کاهش   
1) kâstan (#), kâhidan (#); 2) kâheš (#)

Fr.: 1) décroitre; 2) décroissance   

1) (v.tr.) To cause to diminish, to make less. (v.intr.) To diminish or lessen in extent, quantity, power, etc.
2) The act or process of decreasing; condition of being decreased. → Forbush decrease.

Decrease, from M.E. decres (n.), decresen, from O.Fr. descreistre, from L. decrescere, from → de- + crescere "to grow," → crescent.

Kâstan, kâh-, from Mid.Pers. kâhitan, kâstan, kâhênitan "to decrease, diminish, lessen," Av. kasu- "small, little" (Mod.Pers. keh), Proto-Iranian *kas- "to be small, diminish, lessen;" kâheš verbal noun from kâhidan.

decrement
  کاهه   
kâhé

Fr.: décrément   

1) The amount lost in the process of decreasing.
2) Math.: The quantity by which a variable is decreased. A negative → increment.
3) Physics: 1) The ratio of the amplitude of an oscillation to that of its succeeding oscillation in an underdamped vibrating system. 2) The intensity ratio of a series of spectral lines of the same nature, such as → Balmer decrement.

L decrementum, from decre(tus), → decrease + -mentum noun suffix -ment.

Kâheh, from kâh- present stem of kâhidan, → decrease + noun suffix .

decrypt
  وانهاندن   
vânahândan

Fr.: décryptage   

Make crypted data or information intelligible. See also → encrypt and → decode.

de- + crypt, → encrypt.

decryption
  وانهانش   
vânehâneš (#)

Fr.: décryptage   

The process of restoring encrypted data back to the original information. See also → encryption and → decoding.

decrypt; → -tion.

deduce
  فروهاختن، فروهازیدن   
foruhâxtan, foruhâzidan

Fr.: déduire   

To derive as a conclusion from facts or premises.

L. deducere "to lead down, derive," from → de- "down" + ducere "to lead."

Foruhâxtan, foruhâzidan, from foru- "down," → de- + Mid.Pers. hâxtan, hâzidan "to lead, guide, persuade," Av. hak-, hacaiti "to attach oneself to, to join," cf. Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows," Gk. hepesthai "to follow," L. sequi "to follow;" PIE *sekw- "to follow."

deduction
  فروهازش   
foruhâzeš

Fr.: déduction   

1) The act or process of deducting; something that is or may be deduced.
2) A process of reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from the premises presented without a need for additional information. → deductive reasoning.

Verbal noun from → deduce.

deductive
  فروهازشی   
foruhâzeši

Fr.: déductif   

Of or relating to → deduction.

From deduct, → deduce, + → -ive.

deductive reasoning
  راینش ِ فروهازشی   
râyaneš-e foryhâzeši

Fr.: raisonnement déductif   

Reasoning from the → general to the → particular (or from → cause to → effect).

deductive; → reasoning.

deep
  ۱) ژرف، گود؛ ۲) ژرفنا   
1) žarf (#), gowd (#); 2) žarfnâ (#)

Fr.: 1) profond; 2) profondeur   

1a) General: Extending well inward from an outer surface or back from an edge.
1b) Great in measure; intense. → deep exposure.
1c) Of colors, dark and vivid.
2) The deep part of a body of water, especially an area of the ocean floor having a depth greater than 5400 meters (Dictionary.com).

O.E. deop, from P.Gmc. *deupaz, from PIE *d(e)u- "deep, hollow."

Žarf "deep;" variants Gilaki jalf, julf, jal; Tabari jol, jal, jul; Baluci jahl, johl; Kermâni jarr "deep;" Mid.Pers. zufr; Av. jafra- "deep."
Gowd, probably ultimately from PIE root *gwādh- "to sink, submerge;" cf. Av. vigāθô- "ravines, gorges;" Skt. gādha- "depth; shallow;" Gk. bessa "gorge, ravine."

deep exposure
  اسنهش ِ ژرف، نورداد ِ ~   
osneheš-e žarf, nurdâd-e ~

Fr.: pose profonde   

An exposure in which the detector shutter remains open for a relatively long time in order to bring out the weaker features of the observed object. In practice a deep exposure with a CCD detector is usually obtained from co-addition of shorter exposures.

deep; → exposure.

deep field
  میدان ِ ژرف   
meydân-e žarf

Fr.: champ profond   

An area on the sky whose image is obtained with a deep exposure, such as → Hubble Deep Field.

deep; → field.

deep image
  تصویر ِ ژرف   
tasvir-e žarf

Fr.: image profonde   

An image obtained using a deep exposure to reveal the weak features of the object.

deep; → image.

deep time
  زمان ِ ژرف   
zamân-e žarf

Fr.: temps profond   

The time-scale of geologic processes which is millions or billions of years in contrast to the few thousand years claimed by supporters of the → creationism. The concept of "deep time" was first described in 1788 by the Scottish geologist James Hutton (1726-1797) in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. The term was coined by the American author John McPhee (1931-).

deep; → time.

default
  نابون   
nâbun

Fr.: défaut   

1) Failure to act; inaction or neglect; failure to meet financial obligations.
2) Lack; want; absence. See also → deficiency, → lack, → shortage.
3) Computers: A selection automatically used by a program when none is specified by the user. → by default.

M.E. defau(l)te, O.Fr. defaute "fault, defect, failure," from V.L. *defallita "a deficiency or failure," p.p. of *defallere, from L. → de- "away" + fallere "to deceive, to cheat; to put wrong, to lead astray."

Nâbun, literally "not-being, non-existence," from nâ- negation prefix, → non-, + (Kurd.) bun "to be," variants (Gazi, Yarani, Gurani, Semnâni) bu-, classical Pers. bov-, budan "to be, → exist."

defect
  آک؛ کاست   
âk; kâst (#)

Fr.: défaut   

General: Something or a lack of something that results in incompleteness, inadequacy, or imperfection.
Crystals: A discontinuity in the arrangement of atoms, ions, or electrons.
Cosmology: → cosmic defect.

From L. defectus "failure," from p.p. of deficere "to fail, desert," from → de- "down, away" + facere "to do," (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Av. dadaiti "he puts," Skt. dadhati "puts, places," Hitt. dai- "to place," Gk. tithenai "to put."

Âk "defect, blemish;" Mid.Pers. ak, âk "evil, harm;" Av. aka- "bad, wicked;" cf. Skt. aka- "pain , trouble."
Kâst "loss," from kâstan, kâhidan "to decrease, lessen, diminish," from Mid.Pers. kâhitan, kâstan, kâhênitan "to decrease, diminish, lessen;" keh "small, little, slender;" Av. kasu- "small, little;" Proto-Iranian *kas- "to be small, diminish, lessen."

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