L.L. quadrangulum, noun use of neuter of L. quadrangulus, quadriangulus "four-cornered," from quadr- variant of quadri- before a vowel "four," akin to quattuor, → four, cognate with Pers. cahâr, as below; → angle.
Cahârgušé, cârguš "four-cornered," from cahâr, câr "four," cognate with L. quattuor, → four, + gušé, guš "corner, angle;" Mid.Pers. gôšak "corner."
An obsolete → constellation created by the French astronomer Jérôme Lalande in 1795. He named it such for the main astronomical instrument, that is → mural quadrant, he used. Quadrans Muralis was located between the constellations → Boötes and → Draco. The name disappeared from astronomical catalogs, but the → meteor shower→ Quadrantids has kept that name.
1) A quarter of a circle; an arc of 90°.
M.E., from L. quadrantem (nominative quadrans) "fourth part."
Cârakân, from cârak + -ân. Cârak "quarter," literally "fourth, a fourth part of one," from câr, variant of cahâr, → four, cognate with L. quattuor, + -ak, contraction of yak "one," from Mid.Pers. êwak (Proto-Iranian *aiua-ka-); O.Pers. aiva- "one, alone;" Av. aēuua- "one, alone" (cf. Skt. éka- "one, alone, single;" Gk. oios "alone, lonely;" L. unus "one;" E. one); -ân nuance suffix.
From L. Quadrant-, from Quadrans Muralis , → mural quadrant.
Of or relating to or resembling a → square.
Quadratic, adj. of quadrate, from L. quadratus p.p. of quadrare "to make square."
Câruši pertaining to câruš "square," from Av. caθruša- "four sides (of a four-sided figure)," from caθru- "four," Mod.Pers. cahâr, câr "four," cognate with L. quattuor, → four.
Fr.: équation quadratique
An equation with the general form of ax2 + bx +c = 0, in which the highest power of the unknown is the second power (square).
Fr.: formule quadratique
A formula relating the unknown part of a → quadratic equation (the roots of the equation, x) to the known parts (a, b, and c): x = (-b± (b2 - 4ac)½) / 2a.
1) cârušeš, câruši; 2) navadân, cârušeš
1) General: The process of making something square; the act of squaring.
From L. quadratura, from quadrat(us) p.p. of quadrare "to make square."
1) Cârušeš verbal noun of cârušidan "to square,"
from câruš "square," from Av. caθruša-,
quadrature of the circle
cârušeš-e parhun, ~ dâyeré
Fr.: quadrature du cercle
Constructing a square whose area equals that of a given circle. This was one of the three geometric problems of antiquity. It was finally proved to be an impossible problem when π was proven to be transcendental by Lindemann in 1882. Same as → squaring the circle.
cahârbar (#), cârbar(#)
A plane figure bounded by four straight lines.
cahârtâ (#), cahârtâyi (#)
Fourfold; consisting of four parts.
M.E. from L. quadruplus, from quadru- + duple, from duplus, from du(o) "two" + -plus "fold."
Cahârtâ, from cahâr, → four, cognate with L. quattuor, + tâ "fold, plait, ply; piece, part" (Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part").
Fr.: système quadruple
A stellar system consisting of four stars orbiting around a common → center of mass.
cahârqotbé (#), cahârqotbe-yi (#)
A set of either two → electric dipoles or two → magnetic dipoles in close proximity to each other arranged with alternating polarities and acting as a single unit. Quadrupole interactions are much smaller than dipole interactions, but can allow transitions forbidden in dipole moment transitions.
Fr.: anisotropie quadrupolaire
The → anisotropy which is at the origin of the → cosmic microwave background polarization. The quadrupole anisotropy could arise from three types of perturbations: → scalar perturbation, → vector perturbation, and → tensor perturbation
Fr.: lentille quadrupôle
Fr.: moment quadrupolaire
A quantity characterizing an electric charge distribution, determined by the product of the charge density, the second power of the distance from the origin, and a spherical harmonic over the charge distribution.
quark-hadron phase transition
gozareš-e fâz-e kuârk-hâdron
Fr.: transition de phase quark-hadron
A phase transition, predicted by cosmological models, to have occurred at approximately 10-5 seconds after the Big Bang to convert a plasma of free quarks and gluons into hadron.
quasi-stellar radio source
râdio-xan-e cunân setâré, ~ ~ setâré-vaš
Fr.: radiosource quasi-stellaire
A quasar with detectable radio emission.
Shortened form roentgen absorbed dose; → roentgen.