French Republican Calendar
gâhšomâr-e jomhuri-ye Farâncé
Fr.: Calendrier républicain, Calendrier révolutionnaire français
A calendar composed by Fabre d'Eglantine and others during the French Revolution which divided the year into 12 months of 30 days each, with five odd days called → Sansculottides. The year started at → autumnal equinox and the months were: Vendémiaire (Vintage), Brumaire (Fog), Frimaire (Frost), Nivôse (Snow), Pluviôse (Rain), Ventôse (Wind), Germinal (Buds), Floréal (Flowers), Prairial (Meadows), Messidor (Harvest), Termidor (Heat), Fructidor (Fruits). The week consisted of 10 days, and was called a Décade; each 10th day of Décade (called Décadi) was a day of rest. The calendar was used by the French government for about 12 years, from late 1793 to 1805, when it was suppressed by Napoleon.
M.E. Frensh, French, O.E. Frencisc "of the Franks," from Frank; republican, from republic, from Fr. république, from L. respublica, from res publica "public interest, the state," from res "affair, matter, thing" + publica, feminine of publicus "public;" → calendar.
1) hamegân (#); 2) hamegâni (#)
Fr.: 1) public; 2) publique
1a) The community or people in general.
M.E., from L. publicus "of the people; of the state," also "common, general, public; ordinary," and as a noun, "a commonwealth; public property," from Old L. poplicus "pertaining to the people." from populus "people."
Hamegân, from hamé, → all, + -gân suffix forming plural entities, from Mid.Pers. -gânag, -gâna.
Fr.: opinion publique
The collective opinion of many people on some issue, problem, etc., especially as a guide to action, decision, or the like (Dictionary.com).
1) The act of publishing a book, periodical, map, piece of music, engraving, or the like.
Verbal noun of → publish.
1) Extensive mention in the news media or by word of mouth or other means of communication.
Fr.: rendre public; farie de la publicité pour
To give publicity to; bring to public notice, advertise.