Giving out or reflecting much light, shining.
O.E. bryht, from beorht "bright, splendid," from P.Gmc. *berkhiaz, from PIE base *bhereg- "to gleam, white" (cf. Av. brāz- "to shine, gleam, flash, radiate," Skt. bhrajate "shines, glitters," Mod.Pers. balk, warq, barx, barq "flash, flame, light," barâz "beauty, grace, elegance," barâzidan "to render good, beautiful," Lith. breksta "to dawn," Welsh berth "bright, beautiful," L. flagrare "to blaze"). → electricity.
Deraxšân and rowšan both from M.P. rôc, O.Pers. raucah-, Av. raocah- "light, luminous; daylight;" cf. Skt roka- "brightness, light", cognate with Gk. leukos "white, clear", L. lux "light" (also lumen, luna), PIE *leuk- "light, brightness". The Mod.Pers. words ruz "day," foruq "light", and afruxtan "to light, kindle" also belong to this family, as well as the E. light, Ger. Licht, and Fr. lumière.
Fr.: géante lumineuse
An → evolved star which is more → luminous than normal → giant stars (→ luminosity class III) and between ordinary giants and → supergiants (class I). It is denoted by the symbol II. Examples are → Canopus and → Adhara.
miq-e rowšan, ~ deraxšân
Fr.: nébuleuse brillante
In contrast to a → dark nebula, a bright cloud of interstellar gas and dust. The term designates both emission nebulae and reflection nebulae.
Verbal noun of brighten, from → bright.
General:The state or quality of being bright.
Deraxšandegi, from deraxš, present stem of deraxšidan "to shine," → bright, + -andé adjective suffix + -gi noun suffix.
Fr.: distribution de brillance
A statistical distribution of the brightness of an astronomical extended object.
Fr.: température de brillance
In radio astronomy, the temperature of a source calculated on the assumption that it is a blackbody emitting radiation of the observed intensity at a given wavelength. → antenna temperature.
general precession in right ascension
pišâyân-e harvin-e râst afrâz
Fr.: précession générale en ascension droite
Fr.: embrillancement gravitationnel
Fr.: brillance intrinsèque
The brightness of an object, such as a star, that is not affected by interstellar absorption and independent of distance.
Fr.: embrillancement centre-bord
An observed increase in the intensity of radio, extreme ultraviolet, or X-radiation from the Sun from its center to its limb.
low surface brightness galaxy (LSBG)
kahkešân bâ deraxšandegi-ye ruye-yi-ye kam
Fr.: galaxie à faible brillance de surface
A member of a particularly faint population of galaxies with a central → surface brightness below the brightness of the background sky. The central regions of many of them resemble a → dwarf galaxy, but most of the mass is contained in a large gaseous disk of low density that is observable only with long-exposure optical images or at radio wavelengths. Some are as massive as a large → spiral galaxy, for example Malin 1. The proportion of LSBGs relative to normal galaxies is unknown. They may however represent a significant fraction of mass in the Universe. LSBGs are thought to be primitive systems because they have total masses similar to normal galaxies, but have typically converted less than 10% of their gas into stars. Spiral LSBGs do not obey → Freeman's law.
nutation in right ascension
Fr.: nutation en ascension droite
Same as → equation of the equinoxes.
Orion Bright Bar
mile-ye deraxšân-e Šekârgar, ~ ~ Orion
Fr.: barre brillante d'Orion
A prominent emission ridge in the → Orion Nebula located approximately 2' southeast of the → Trapezium cluster. Various observations have suggested that it is an escarpment in the main → ionization front of the Nebula seen almost edge-on. The Orion Bar is one of the nearest and best-studied → photodissociation regions.
1) râst (#); 2) dorost; 3) râšan
1a) Straight, free from curves, angles, or irregularities.
→ right ascension.
M.E.; O.E. reht, riht; cf. O.H.G. reht, Ger. recht, O.N. rettr, Goth. raihts; P.Gmc. *rekhtaz, cognate with Pers. râst, as below.
1) Râst "right, true; just, upright, straight;"
Mid.Pers. râst "true, straight, direct;" Soghdian rəšt "right;"
O.Pers. rāsta- "straight, true," rās- "to be right, straight,
true;" Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;"
Mid.Pers. rây-, râyênitan "to arrange;" Mod.Pers.
raj "line, row," variants raž, rak, râk, rezg (Lori),
radé, râdé "line, rule, row,"
rasté, râsté "row, a market with regular ranges of shops;"
ris, risé "straight;"
cf. Skt. raj- "to direct, stretch," rjuyant- "walking straight;"
Gk. orektos "stretched out;"
L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;"
PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "to direct, rule;"
Fr.: angle droit
An angle of 90°.
râst afrâz (#)
Fr.: ascension droite
A coordinate in the → equatorial system measured from the → vernal equinox eastward to the point where the object → hour circle intersects the → celestial equator. Right ascension (symbol α) is expressed in hours, minutes, and seconds. See also: → declination.
Râst, → right; afrâz present stem of afrâzidan, afrâštan "to raise, exalt, extole," from Mid.Pers. abrâstan, abrâz- "to lift, raise," from ab-, from O.Pers./Av. abiy-/aiwi- "to, upon, against;" cf. Skt. abhi-, Gk. amphi- + râst "straight, direct, true;" from O.Pers. rāsta- "straight, true," rās- "to be right, straight, true;" Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" cf. Skt. raj- "to direct, stretch," rjuyant- "walking straight;" Gk. orektos "stretched out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Ger. recht; E. right; PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "to direct, rule."
sebar-e râst (#)
Fr.: triangle droit
A triangle one of whose angles is a → right angle.
razan-e dast-e râst
Fr.: règle de la main droite
See → Fleming's rules.
right-hand screw rule
razan-e pic-e rast-gard
Fr.: règle de la vis droite
A rule that gives the direction of the resultant vector in a → vector product: A x B = C. It is the direction of advance of a right-hand screw whose axis, held perpendicular to the plane of A and B, is rotated in the same sense that rotates the first-named vector (A) into the second-named vector B through the smaller angle.