An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 146
utilize
  هودیدن   
hudidan

Fr.: utiliser   

To make practical or worthwhile use of.

From Fr. utiliser, from It. utilizzare, from utile "usable," from L. utilis "usable," from uti "to use."

Hudidan, from hudé, hudag "use," → utility, + -idan.

Utopia Planitia
  دشت ِ ناکجا، ~ ناکجا‌آباد   
dašt-e nâkojâ, ~ nâkojâ âbâd

Fr.: Utopia Planitia   

A → plain in the northern hemisphere of Mars that was chosen as the landing site of the Viking II space probe on September 3, 1976.

Mod.L. Utopia, literally "nowhere," coined by Thomas More (1516), from Gk. ou "not" + topos "place;" planitia, from planus, → plain.

Dašt, → plain; nâkojâ "nowhere," from nâ-, → un-, + kojâ "where?; a place;" Mid.Pers. kugiyâg, from "where; that; than" + giyâk "place" (O.Pers. ā-vahana- "place, village;" Av. vah- "to dwell, stay," vanhaiti "he dwells, stays;" Skt. vásati "he dwells;" Gk. aesa (nukta) "to pass (the night);" Ossetic wat "room; bed; place;" Tokharian B wäs- "to stay, wait;" PIE base ues- "to stay, live, spend the night"); nâkojâ âbâd literally "city of nowhere, habitation of nowhere," from nâkojâ, as explained, + âbâd "city; habitation; cultivated" (Mid.Pers. âpât, âpâtân "cultivated, inhabitated;" Proto-Iranian *ā-pāta- "protected," from prefix ā + pā- "to protect, guard" (Mod.Pers. pâyidan), → observe.

utter
  واپیدن   
vâpidan

Fr.: prononcer, proférer, pousser   

1) To give audible expression to; speak or pronounce.
2) Phonetics: To produce (speech sounds, speech-like sounds, syllables, words, etc.) audibly, with or without reference to formal language (Dictionary).

M.E. outren from M.Du. uteren or M.L.G. utern "to turn out, show, speak," from uter "outer," comparative adj. from ut, → out.

Vâpidan, from Proto-Ir. *uab-/*uaf- "to utter (sing, speak), to call;" cf. Av. uf- "to sing;" Sogd. w'β, w'b "to say, speak;" Baluci gwâpt/gwâp- "to summon, call together;" Mod.Pers. gap, gab "word, chit-chat," zand-bâf "nightingale," buf "owl."

utterance
  واپش   
vâpeš

Fr.: parole, déclaration   

1) An act of uttering; a spoken word, statement, or vocal sound.
2) Something uttered; a word or words uttered; a cry, animal's call, or the like.
3) Linguistics: Any speech sequence consisting of one or more words and preceded and followed by silence: it may be coextensive with a sentence (Dictionary.com).

utter; → -ance.

uvby system
  راژمان ِ uvby   
râžmân-e uvby

Fr.: système photométrique uvby   

A four-color stellar → photometric system devised by B. Strömgren. It is based on measurements in the ultraviolet (3500 Å), violet (4100 Å), blue (4670 Å), and yellow (5470 Å) regions of the spectrum. The filters bandwidths are 340, 200, 160, and 240 Å respectively. Also known as Strömgren four-color photometry.

u, v, b, and y referring to ultraviolet, violet, blue, and yellow respectively; → system.

UX Ori star
  ستاره‌ی ِUX شکارگر   
setâre-ye UX Šekârgar

Fr.: étoile UX Ori   

A star that shows large irregular brightness variations and belongs to the Herbig Ae/Be family, i.e. pre-main sequence stars of intermediate mass. Typically a decrease of 2-3 magnitudes in the visible occurs for a few days to a couple of weeks. Current theories explain this behavior as being an obscuration of the central star by orbiting dust clouds, as well as contribution to the total luminosity by unsteady accretion onto the central star. Also called UXOr.

U and X letters of alphabet, Ori, → Orion; → star.

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