An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 968

Fr.: adverbe   

A word that serves to qualify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or an entire sentence. More specifically, adverbs indicate manner, time, place, cause, or degree, and answer questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much."

From L.L. adverbium "adverb," literally "that which is added to a verb," from → ad- "to" + verbum "word, → verb," a translation of Gk. epirrhema "adverb," from → epi- "upon, on" + rhema "verb."

Apivâz, from api-, → epi-, + vâz "word," → verb.

hamestâr (#)

Fr.: adversaire   

1) A person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy; foe.
2) A person, group, etc., that is an opponent in a contest; contestant (

M.E. adversaire; O.Fr. adversaire "opponent, adversary, rival," from L. adversarius "opposite, hostile, contrary," from adversus "turned against," from → ad- + verse, → universe.

Hamestâr, from Mid.Pers. hamestâr "adversary," from Av. hamaēstar-, from ha-, → com-, + maēd- "to bring down, to suppress."


Fr.: éolipyle   

A round vessel pivoted on a central axis that rotates by the force of internal steam escaping from two diametrically opposed narrow apertures. Aeolipile, first described by Hero of Alexandria (c. 10-70 AD), is an early example of → jet propulsion.

L aeolipila, from Gk aiolipyle, from Aiolon pyle, fr. aioli-, from Aiolos "god of wind," + pyle "gate."


Fr.: éon   

1) General: An indefinitely long period of time; an age.
2) Geology: A unit of geologic time equal to one billion years; US eon.

L. aeon, from Gk. aion "age, eternity;" akin to Av. āiiu- "duration, period, lifetime;" Skt. áyu- "life, longevity."

Âyu, from Av. āiiu- "duration, period, lifetime" (Sogd. āy "life, age"), as above.


Fr.: aérodynamique   

Of or pertaining to → aerodynamics.


aerodynamic force
  نیروی ِ هواتوانیک   
niru-ye havâtavânik

Fr.: force aérodynamique   

The force exerted by a gaseous fluid upon a body completely immersed in it caused by their relative motion. The components of aerodynamic force are: → lift and → drag.

aerodynamic; → force.


Fr.: aérodynamique   

The science that is concerned with the study of the → motion of → air and other gaseous → fluids and with the → forces acting on bodies moving through such fluids.

Aerodynamics, from Gk. aero-, → air, + → dynamics.

havâsang (#)

Fr.: aérolite   

A stony meteorite consisting of silicate minerals. This alternative name for a stony meteorite, is now largely obsolete.

Aerolite, from Gk. aero-, → air, + Gk. lithos "stone".

Havâsang from Persian havâ "air"; compare with Mid. Pers./Mod. Pers. vây "weather," from Av. vayah-, vaya- "weather, atmosphere," from va- "to blow". Cognate with Skt. va-, Gk. aemi "to blow" + sang, → stone.

  جوشناسی، جوشناخت   
javvšenâsi, javvšenâxt

Fr.: aérologie   

A subdivision of meteorology concerned with the total vertical extent of the atmosphere as opposed to the study of the atmosphere near Earth's surface.

Aerology from Gk. aero- "air" + Gk. logia "study of," from legein "to speak".

Javvšenâsi, from Ar. javv "air, atmosphere" + šenâsi "knowledge, knowing," from šenâxtan "to know," from Av./O.Pers. xšnâ "to learn, come to know, know," compare with Skt. jna "to know," Gk. gignoskein "to know, think, judge," L. gnoscere, noscere "to come to know," PIE *gno- "to know."

havânavardi (#)

Fr.: aéronautique   

The science and technology concerned with designing, constructing, and operating machines capable of flying in the atmosphere.

From aeronautic, from Fr. aéronautique, from aéro-, from Gk. aer, → air, + nautique "of ships," from L. nauticus, from Gk. nautikos, from naus "ship" (cognate with Mod.Pers. nâv "ship;" Av./O.Pers. *nāv-, O.Pers. nāviyā- "fleet;" Skt. nau-, nava- "ship, boat;" Gk. naus, neus, L. navis; PIE *nāu- "ship").

Havânavardi, from havâ, → air, + navardi, verbal noun of navardidan "to travel, walk, pass by and over."

  وای‌شناسی، فرازاجوشناخت   
vâyšenâsi, farâzâjavvšenâxt

Fr.: aéronomie   

The study of the upper atmosphere, especially of regions of ionized gas.

From Gk. aer- "weather" + nomos "arranging, regulating," related to nemein "to deal out."

Vâyšenâsi from Mid. Pers./Mod. Pers. vây "weather," Av. vayah-, vaya- "weather, atmosphere," from va- "to blow;" cf. Skt. va-; Gk. aemi "to blow;" Av. vāta- "wind;" Skt. vata-; L. ventus, Mod. Pers. bâd, → wind; PIE *we- "to blow".


Fr.: aérosol   

A suspension of fine solid or liquid particles in a gas.

Aerosol from aero "air" + sol(ution).

Havâlu from havâ "weather" + lu from → luyé, luyeš, → solution.

  زیباییک، زیبایی‌شناختی، زیبا   
zibâyik, zibâyi-šenâxti, zibâ

Fr.: esthétique   

Relating to the philosophy of → aesthetics.

Adjective from → aesthetics.

  زیباییک، زیبایی‌شناسی   
zibâyik (#), zibâyi-šenâsi

Fr.: esthétique   

1) The branch of philosophy dealing with such notions as the beautiful, the ugly, the sublime, the comic, etc., as applicable to the fine arts, with a view to establishing the meaning and validity of critical judgments concerning works of art, and the principles underlying or justifying such judgments.
2) The study of the mind and emotions in relation to the sense of beauty (

From Ger. Ästhetisch or Fr. esthétique, both from Gk. aisthetikos "sensitive, perceptive," from aisthanesthai "to perceive, to feel."

Zibâyik, from zibâ "beautiful, elegant, adorned," → beauty, + -ik, → -ics.


Fr.: affine   

Math.: Of or pertaining to the geometry of → affine transformations. See also: → affine combination, → affine geometry, → affine set, → affinity.

From Fr., from L. affinis "bordering on; neighboring; related."

Karvan, literally "bordering on; possessing border (with); related," from (Bašgard) ker "border, boundary," (Fin Bandar Abbas) karaq "border, edge;" classical Pers. karân, kenâr "boundary, side, edge;" + -van suffix of possession, relation.

affine combination
  میازش ِ کروَن   
miyâzeš-e karvan

Fr.: combinaison affine   

A linear combination of vectors in which all the vector coefficients add up to one.

affine; → combination.

affine geometry
  هندسه‌ی ِ کروَن   
hendese-ye karvan

Fr.: géométrie affine   

The study of the properties which are → invariant under → affine transformations.

affine; → geometry.

affine set
  هنگرد ِ کروَن   
hangard-e karvan

Fr.: ensemble affine   

A set → if and only if (iff) for any two points in the → set, the line through them is contained in the set. In other words, for any two points in the set, their → affine combinations are in the set itself.

affine; → set.

affine transformation
  ترادیس ِ کروَن   
tarâdis-e karvan

Fr.: transformation affine   

Any → transformation preserving → collinearity.

affine; → transformation.


Fr.: affinité   

1) General: A relationship or resemblance.
2) Math.: The state, quality, or fact of being → affine.

affine; → -ity.

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