An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < -ab ab- abo abs abs acc acc ack act acu add adi adv aff agg Ald Alf ali Alm alp alt amb an- ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato aub aut Avo axi > >>

Number of Results: 968

Fr.: autocorrélation   

1) In radio astronomy, a process performed by an → autocorrelator.
2) In statistics, a linear relation between values of a random variable over time.
3) In electronics, a technique used to detect cyclic activity in a complex signal.

Autocorrelation, from → auto- "self" + → correlation.

Xod-hambâzâneš, from xod- "self" + hambâzâneš, → correlation.

autocorrelation function
  کریا‌ی ِ خودهم‌باز‌آنش   
karyâ-ye xod-hambâzâneš

Fr.: fonction d'autocorrélation   

A mathematical function that describes the correlation between two values of the same variable at different points in time.

autocorrelation; → function.


Fr.: autocorrélateur   

In radio astronomy, a spectrograph which correlates the signal with itself with various time delays, and extracts the frequency spectrum of the signal. → correlator.

Autocorrelator, agent n. from → autocorrelate + → -or.

Xod-hambâzângar, agent n. from xod-, → auto-, + hambâzângar, → correlator.


Fr.: autocovariance   

The → covariance of a → time series overt time.

auto-; → covariance.

autocovariance function
  کریای ِ خود-هم‌ورتایی   
karyâ-ye xod-hamvartâyi

Fr.: fonction d'autocovariance   

The autocovariance function (ACF) is defined as the sequence of covariances of a stationary process.
A mathematical function that expresses the autocovariance of a series in terms of the interval of separation.

autocovariance; → function.

  خودراهبر، راهبر ِ خودکار   
xodrâhbar, râhbar-e xodkâr

Fr.: autoguideur   

An electronic equipment used to automatically guide a telescope during long exposures.

Autoguider from → auto- "self" + guider, from O.Fr. guider "to guide, lead, conduct," from Germanic origin; akin to O.E. wltan "to look after" witan "to know," akin to O.H.G. wizzan "to know," L. videre "to see," Gk. eidenai "to know," idein "to see," Av. vaêd- "to know," Skt. veda "knowledge; finding."

Xodrâhbar from xod-, → auto + râhbar "guide," from râh "way" + bar, from bordan "to lead."

  خودراهبرد، راهبرد خودکار   
xodrâhbord, râhbord-e xodkâr

Fr.: autoguidage   

The act or process of guiding a telescope automatically.


xodkâr (#)

Fr.: automatique   

Having a self-acting or self-regulating mechanism.

From Gk. automatos "self-acting," from → auto- + matos "willing," from PIE *men- "to think;" compare with Av./O.Pers. man- "to think."

Xodkâr from xod-, → auto-, + kâr "acting, actor," from kardan "to do, act."

automatic photometric telescope
  دوربین ِ شیدسنجیک ِ خودکار، تلسکوپ ِ ~ ~   
durbin-e šidsanjik-e xodkâr, teleskop-e ~ ~

Fr.: télescope photométrique automatique   

A telescope developed to perform photometric observations automatically.

automatic; → photometric; → telescope.


Fr.: automorphisme   

An → isomorphism between an → object and itself.

auto-; → morphism.


Fr.: autonome   

1) Self-governing; independent; subject to its own laws only; having autonomy.
2) Pertaining to an autonomy, or a self-governing community.
3) Biology: Existing and functioning as an independent organism. Growing naturally or spontaneously, without cultivation (

Adjective from → autonomy.


Fr.: autonomie   

1) Independence or freedom, as of the will or one's actions.
2) The condition of being autonomous; self-government or the right of self-government (

auto-; → -nomy.

pâyiz (#)

Fr.: automne   

The season of the year between summer and winter; it begins in the northern hemisphere at the → autumnal equinox and ends at the → winter solstice.

O.Fr., from L. autumnus, a word probably of Etruscan origin.

Pâyiz, from Mid.Pers. pâdiz or pâtez, from Proto-Iranian *pâti-z(a)ya- "near winter," from pâti "near" + *z(a)ya- "winter," compare with Av. zyan- or zyam- "winter" (Skt. heman, Gk. xeimon, L. hiems).

autumn equinox
  هموگان ِ پاییزی   
hamugân-e pâyizi

Fr.: équinoxe d'automne   

autumnal equinox.

autumn; → equinox.

autumnal equinox
  هموگان ِ پاییزی   
hamugân-e pâyizi

Fr.: équinoxe d'automne   

One of the two points where the → ecliptic crosses the → celestial equator. At the autumnal equinox the Sun appears to be moving across the equator from the northern celestial hemisphere to the southern celestial hemisphere. The instant of the event.

autumn; → -al; → equinox.

miyângin (#)

Fr.: moyenne   

A number representing a group of quantities, obtained by adding each quantity of the group and dividing the total by the number of quantities. Same as → arithmetic mean.

From O.Fr. avarie "damage to ship," from It. avaria or maybe avere, O.Fr. aveir "property, goods," from L. habere "to have." Meaning shifted to "equal sharing of such loss by the interested parties."

Miyângin "the middle; middle-sized; the middle pearl in a string," from miyân, → middle, + -gin a suffix forming adjectives of possession.

average acceleration
  شتاب ِ میانگین   
šetâb-e miyângin

Fr.: accélération moyenne   

Of a body traveling from A to B, the change of → velocity divided by the time interval: ā = (v2 - v1) / (t2 - t1).

average; → acceleration.

average velocity
  تندای ِ میانگین   
tondâ-ye miyângin

Fr.: vitesse moyenne   

The ratio of the displacement (Δx) of a particle, as it moves from point A to point B, to the corresponding time interval: v = Δx/Δt.

average; → velocity.

averted vision
  نگاه ِ کژ   
negâh-e kaž (#)

Fr.: regard oblique   

The technique of looking slightly to the side of a faint object being studied while continuing to concentrate on the object. The technique helps bring out details which otherwise would be missed by looking directly at an object. The reason is that the portion of the eye's retina that best detects dim light (fovea) is located all around the edges rather than the center.

Averted p.p. from avert, from O.Fr. avertir, from L. avertere "to turn away," from → ab- "from, away" + vertere "to turn" (cognate with Pers. gardidan "to turn"); → vision.

Negâh, → vision; kaž "averted."

Avogadro constant
  پایای ِ آووگادرو   
pâyâ-ye Avogâdro (#)

Fr.: constante d'Avogadro   

The number of units in one → mole of any → substance (defined as its → molecular weight in grams), equal to 6.022 140 857 × 1023. The units may be electrons, atoms, ions, or molecules, depending on the nature of the substance.

Named after Amedeo Avogadro (1776-1856), whose law allowed other physicists to calculate Avogadro's number; → number.

<< < -ab ab- abo abs abs acc acc ack act acu add adi adv aff agg Ald Alf ali Alm alp alt amb an- ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato aub aut Avo axi > >>