An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -fy -iz -to 25 A-t abe abs abs acc acc ach act act add adi adv aff agg Ald Alf ali Alm alp alt amb ana ana ang ani ann Ant ant Ant apl apo app Aqu arc arg arr ASC ass ast ast asy atm att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bed Bes bi- bif bin bin bio bis bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo Cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che chi chu cir cir cla cle clo clu co- coc coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cul cur cyc d'A dar dat de deb dec dec dec def def dei dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dot dou dri duo dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele ell eme emi enc eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth eva evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext fab fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu Fok for for fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gig glo gov gra gra gra gra Gre gro gyr hab Hal Han Har haz hea hel hel hep Her Hic hig Hip hom hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh inp ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion Iri irr iso iso ite jel Jou Jup kap Kep kil Kir Kru Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Lib lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mam Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Mei Mer Mes met met met mic mid mil min mir mix mod mol mom moo mot mul mul mut nak nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nin noi non non noo nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli onl ope opp opt opt orb ord ori orr osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pha pha pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro Pro pro pro pro pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Ric Rig rin Roc roo rot rot run S-t Sal SAO sca sca sch sci Scu sec sec sed sel Sel sen ser sex Sha she sho sid sig sim sin sip ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str Str sub sub sub sul sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn sys tan Tay tem ten ter the the the the thi thr tid tim tir too tor tra tra tra tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns ura use vag vap vec Vel ver Ver vie vir vis vit vol W22 was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol X-r yea You zer zon > >>

Number of Results: 12725 Search : far
  سنجیدار ِ ریلی   
sanjidâr-e Rayleigh

Fr.: critère de Rayleigh   

A criterion for the instability of a basic swirling flow with an arbitrary dependence of angular velocity Ω(r) on the distance r from the axis of rotation. This states that in → inviscid fluids: Ω(r) < 0 for instability, where Ω = (1/r3) (d/dr)(r4Ω4).

Rayleigh; → criterion.

"nongravitational forces"
  "نیروهای ِ ناگرانشی"   
"niruhâ-ye nâgerâneši" (#)

Fr.: "forces non-gravitationnelles"   

The forces of jets from a comet's nucleus that can cause a rocket-like effect and alter a comet's direction of motion slightly.

non-; → gravitational; → force.

"shadow of the nucleus"
  "سایه‌ی ِ هسته"   
"sâye-ye hasté"

Fr.: "ombre du noyau"   

A dark lane that appears behind the coma in some comets. It is not the shadow of the true nucleus but sometimes may be a region of the near-tail that lies behind the densest part of the inner coma and therefore receives less sunlight.

shadow; → nucleus.

-able, -ble, -ible
  -یی، -پذیر   
-i (#), -pazir (#)

Fr.: -able, -ble, -ible   

Suffix forming adjectives with meanings "capable of, susceptible of, worthy of, tending to."

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. -abilis, -ibilis, from -a- and -i- + -bilis.

The capability suffix -i is added to the infinitive form.
-pazir "receiving, accepting, admitting, having," from paziroftan "to receive, accept, admit," Mid.Pers. padiriftan, padir- "to receive, accept," from Proto-Iranian *pati- + *grab- "to grab, seize, take," Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, seize;" cp. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving," M.L.G. grabben "to grab," from P.Gmc. *grab (E. grab); PIE *ghrebh- "to seize."

-aceous
   -آسا   
-âsâ

Fr.: -acé   

A prefix with several meanings: "characterized by," "of the nature of," "belonging to or connected with a division of animals characterized by or of the nature of," "belonging to or connected with a family of plants of the nature of."

From L. --aceus.

-âsâ a suffix denoting "resemblance; nature; relation," from Mid.Pers. suffix -ihâ forming adverbs.

-al
  ۱) -ای، -ور، -مند؛ ۲) -آل، و دیگرها   
1) -i (#), -var (#), -mand (#); 2) -âl (#), various solutions

Fr.: -al   

1) Adjective suffix denoting "of, relating to, or characterized by;" e.g. astronomical, material, equal, final, general, directional, fictional, etc. Variant → -ar.
2) Noun suffix, used with verbs (refusal, rehearsal, etc.) or nouns (canal, etc.).

1) M.E., from O.Fr., from L. -alis
2) M.E. -aille, from O.Fr., from L. -alia, from neuter pl. of -alis.

1) -i, contraction of -ik, → -ic; -var Mid.Pers. -uwar, -war, from O.Pers. -bara, from bar- "to bear, carry," variant -ur; -mand from Mid.Pers. -omand, O.Pers./Av. -mant, cf. Skt. -mant.
2) In Persian, -al, a suffix of attributes and similarity, is used to form adjectives that often become nouns. Sometimes it occurs as -al or -el and may be confounded with -ul and -ulé, → -ule. Its link with L. -alis is not established. Some examples:
dombâl "rear part; continuation; tail," from domb "tail" + -âl,
cangâl "fork; claws," from cang "claw; hook" + -âl,
pušâl "tinder, rubbish," from puc, puk "hollow" + -âl,
ravâl "trend," from row present stem of raftan "to go" + -âl,
xoškâl "dried twigs and leaves of a green tree," from xošk "dry" + -âl,
tofâl "remains of anything squeezed," from tof "saliva" + -âl,
kupâl "club," from kup-, kub(idan) "to beat, strike, pound" + -âl,
gowdâl "hole, pit, low place," from gowd "deep" + -âl,
tâval "blister," from tâv-, tâb-, tâbidan "to become warm, burn," + -al.
kandâl "pit (Qâeni), watercourse, canal (Kordi)," from kand stem of kandan "to dig, pluck, extract" + -âl,
mərdâl (Tâleši Xošabar) "dead," from mərd "to die" + -âl,
capâl "left-handed," from cap "left" + -âl,
gaštal (Laki) "wanderer, vagabond," from gaštan "to turn, return, change, look about" + -al,
kašal (Torbat Heydariye-yi) "elongated," from kašidan "to draw, extend" + -al,
gerdel (Hamadâni, Lori, Qomi) "round, loop," from gerd "round" + -el,
peškel "orbicular dung of sheep," from pešk "dung" + -el.

-ance
   -اگی، -ایگی، -آیی، -ش   
-egi, -igi, -âi, -âyi, -eš

Fr.: -ance   

Suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives of from verbs; it expresses 1) state or condition (brilliance, absorptance); 2) action (e.g. continuance).

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. -antia.

-Egi, -igi, -âi, -âyi, -eš Pers. noun suffixes denoting state, condition.

-ant
     

Fr.: -ant   

Same as → -ent.

-ar
  -یی   
-i

Fr.: -aire   

A suffix of adjectives, meaning "of, relating to, or resembling," as in polar "of or relating to": molecular, "being": spectacular.

M.E., from O.Fr. -er, from L. -aris, variant of -alis, → -al.

-ary
     
-i

Fr.: -aire   

An adjective and noun suffix denoting thing or person belonging to or connected with.

From L. -arius, -aria, -arium "connected with, pertaining to; the man engaged in."

-i, Mid.Pers. -ig, -ik, → -ics.

-ate
  ۱) -آت   
1) -ât (#)

Fr.: 1) -ate   

1) A suffix used in chemical terminology, in particular to indicate a salt of an acid ending in -ic and not beginning with → hydro-, such as silicate, nitrate, sulfate.
2) Verbal suffix denoting "to act upon" (in a specific way), "to cause to become."

1) From M.E. -aten, from L. -atus p.p. ending of 1st conjugable verbs.
2) Very likely from N.L. expressions as plumbum acetatum salt produced by the action of acetic acid on lead.

-cide
   -کشی   
-koši (#)

Fr.: -cide   

A suffix meaning "killer; act of killing." → genocide.

M.E., from L. -cida "cutter, killer," -cidium "act of killing," from combining form -cidere, from caedere "to strike down, kill."

-koši, from koštan "to kill," Mid.Pers. kuštan "to kill, to stuggle;" related to košti "fighting, wrestling;" Av. kuš- "to fight, to struggle" (Cheung 2007).

-cracy
   -سالاری   
-sâlâri

Fr.: -cracie   

A combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek with the meaning "rule, government, governing body." → theocracy.

From Fr. -cratie, from M.L. -cratia, from Gk. -kratia "power, might; rule; authority," from kratos "strength," from PIE *kre-tes- "power, strength," suffixed form of root *kar-/*ker- "→ hard." "hard."

From sâlâr "leader, chieftain, commander;" Mid.Pers. sâlâr "leader, master;" variant of sardâr "commander, chief, general," from sar "chief, → head," + dâr "having, possessor," from dâštan "to have, to possess," Mid.Pers. dâštan; O.Pers./Av. root dar- "to hold, keep back, maintain, keep in mind;" Skt. dhr-, dharma- "law;" Gk. thronos "elevated seat, throne;" L. firmus "firm, stable;" Lith. daryti "to make;" PIE *dher- "to hold, support."

-ence
   -اگی، -ایگی، -آیی   
-egi, -igi, -âi, -âyi

Fr.: -ence   

A noun suffix equivalent to → -ance.

-ance.

-ency
     

Fr.: -ence   

A suffix denoting quality or state.

From L. -entia.

-ent
     

Fr.: -ent   

A suffix with the sense "causing or performing an action or existing in a certain condition." Same as → -ant.

From Fr. -ent and directly from L. -entem (nominative -ens), pr.p. suffix of verbs in -ere/-ire.

-eous
   -ای، -مند، -ناک، -ور   
-i, -mand, -nâk, -var

Fr.: -eux   

An adjective forming suffix with the meanings "ccomposed of, resembling, having the nature of."

-ous.

-er
   -گر، -گار، -کار، -آر، -نده   
-gar (#), -gâr (#), -kâr (#), -âr (#), -andé (#)

Fr.: -eur   

A suffix serving as the regular English formative of agent nouns, being attached to verbs of any origin.

M.E. -er(e), corresponding to L. → -or, O.E. -ere; cf. Ger. -er, Sw. -are, Dan. -ere.

-or.

-escence
   -استی   
-esti

Fr.: -escence   

A suffix denoting "action, process, state, or condition," and corresponding to adjectives ending in -escent. → luminescence.

From L. -escentia, from escens, from esse "to be," → existence, + -ia

-esti, noun from -est, variant of ast, hast "is, → exists," cognate with L. -escence, as above.

-escent
   -است   
-est

Fr.: -escent   

A suffix of adjectives often corresponding to verbs in -esce and nouns in -escence. → luminescent.

From -escentia, from escens, from esse "to be," → existence, + -ia.

-escence.

<< < -fy -iz -to 25 A-t abe abs abs acc acc ach act act add adi adv aff agg Ald Alf ali Alm alp alt amb ana ana ang ani ann Ant ant Ant apl apo app Aqu arc arg arr ASC ass ast ast asy atm att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bed Bes bi- bif bin bin bio bis bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo Cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che chi chu cir cir cla cle clo clu co- coc coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cul cur cyc d'A dar dat de deb dec dec dec def def dei dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dot dou dri duo dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele ell eme emi enc eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth eva evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext fab fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu Fok for for fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gig glo gov gra gra gra gra Gre gro gyr hab Hal Han Har haz hea hel hel hep Her Hic hig Hip hom hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh inp ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion Iri irr iso iso ite jel Jou Jup kap Kep kil Kir Kru Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Lib lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mam Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Mei Mer Mes met met met mic mid mil min mir mix mod mol mom moo mot mul mul mut nak nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nin noi non non noo nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli onl ope opp opt opt orb ord ori orr osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pha pha pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro Pro pro pro pro pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Ric Rig rin Roc roo rot rot run S-t Sal SAO sca sca sch sci Scu sec sec sed sel Sel sen ser sex Sha she sho sid sig sim sin sip ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str Str sub sub sub sul sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn sys tan Tay tem ten ter the the the the thi thr tid tim tir too tor tra tra tra tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns ura use vag vap vec Vel ver Ver vie vir vis vit vol W22 was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol X-r yea You zer zon > >>