An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < -ti tan Tay tem ten Ter the the the the thi thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tri Tri tru Tuc tur Tyc Typ > >>

Number of Results: 544
  آنسوماهی، آنسومانگی، ترامانگی   
ânsumâhi, ânsumângi, tarâmângi

Fr.: translunaire   

The space beyond the orbit of the Moon. Compare to → cislunar.

trans- + → lunar.

Ânsumâhi, ânsumângi, from ânsu "the other side," from ân "that" + su "side" + mâhi, mângi, → lunar; tarâ-, → trans-.

tarâgosil (#)

Fr.: transmission   

1) The act or process of transmitting. The fact of being transmitted.
2) The broadcasting of electromagnetic waves from one location to another, as from a transmitter to a receiver.

Verbal noun of → transmit.

transmission band
  باند ِ تراگسیل   
bând-e tarâgosil (#)

Fr.: bande de transmission   

The frequency range above the cutoff frequency in a waveguide or transmission line.

transmission; → band.

transmission coefficient
  همگر ِ تراگسیل   
hamgar-e tarâgosil

Fr.: coefficient de transmission   

The ratio given by the → amplitude (or energy) of a transmitted wave divided by the amplitude (or energy) of the incident wave.

transmission; → coefficient.

transmission grating
  توری ِ تراگسیلی   
turi-ye tarâgosili

Fr.: réseau par transmission   

A diffraction grating that has grooves ruled onto a transparent material so that a beam of light passed through the grating is partly split into spectral orders.

transmission; → grating.

transmission loss
  دسترفت ِ تراگسیل   
dastraft-e tarâgosil

Fr.: perte de transmission   

A decrease in power in transmission from one point to another.

transmission; → loss.

transmission system
  راژمان ِ تراگسیل   
râžmân-e tarâgosil

Fr.: système de transmission   

An assembly of elements which are capable of functioning together to transmit power or signals.

transmission; → system.

tarâgosilidan (#)

Fr.: transmettre   

To cause (light, heat, sound, etc.) to pass through a medium.

M.E. transmitten, from L. transmittere "send across, transfer, pass on," from → trans- "across" + mittere "to send."

Tarâgosilidan, infinitive of tarâgosli, from tarâ-trans- "across" + gosil "sending away, dismission," variant gosi; Mid.Pers. wisé "to despatch" (Parthian Mid.Pers. wsys- "to despatch;" Buddhist Mid.Pers. wsydy "to despatch;" Sogdian 'ns'yd- "to exhort"), from Proto-Iranian *vi-sid- "to despatch, send off," from prefix vi- "apart, away, out," + *sid- "to call."

  تراگسیلنده، تراگسیلگر   
tarâgosilandé, tarâgosilgar

Fr.: transmetteur   

A device or equipment which converts audio, video, or coded signals into modulated radio frequency signals which can be propagated by electromagnetic waves.

Agent noun of → transmit.


Fr.: transmutation   

The act or process of transmuting.
Physics: Any process in which a nuclide is transformed into a different nuclide, usually one of a different element.

Verbal noun of → transmute.


Fr.: transmuter   

To change from one nature, substance, form, or condition into another.

M.E., from L. transmutare "to shift," from → trans- + mutare "to change," from PIE base *mei- "to change, go, move;" cf. Av. miθô "inverted, false," miθaoxta- "wrong spoken;" Skt. methati "changes, alternates, joins, meets," mith- "to alternate, meet," mithás "opposite, in opposition;" L. meare "to go, pass," mutuus "done in exchange;" Goth. maidjan "to change;" E. prefix mis- (in mistake).

Tarâmutidan, from tarâ-trans- + mutidan, from L. mutare, as above.

tarânemâ (#)

Fr.: transparent   

Allowing → electromagnetic radiation  of → specific → wavelengths to pass through. See also → translucent.

From M.L. transparentem (nominative transparens), pr.p. of transparere "to show through," from L. → trans- "through" + parere "to come in sight, appear."

Tarânemâ, from tarâ-, → trans-, + nemâ present stem of nemudan "to show" (Mid.Pers. nimūdan, nimây- "to show," from O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + māy- "to measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure;" Gk. metron "measure;" L. metrum; PIE base *me- "to measure").


Fr.: transpondeur   

An emitter-receiver device that automatically responds upon reception of a designated incoming radar, radio or sonar signal

From trans(mitter), → trans-, + (res)ponder, → responder.

  ۱) ترابرد، ترابری؛ ۲) ترابردن   
1) tarâbord (#), tarâbari (#); 2) tarâbordan

Fr.: transport   

1) The act of carrying or moving from one place to another.
2) To take or carrysomething from one place to another.

M.E. transporten, from O.Fr. transporter "to carry or convey across," from L. transportare, from → trans- "across" + portare "to carry."

Tarâbord, tarâbari, from tarâ-, → trans-, + bord, bari, from bordan "to carry, transport;" Mid.Pers. burdan; O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive);" Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein "to carry;" L. ferre "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry."

  ۱) ترانهادن؛ ۲) ترانهاد   
1) tarânehâdan; 2) tarânehâd

Fr.: 1) transposer; 2) transpose   

1) To transfer a mathematical → term from one side of an → equation to the other, with corresponding change of sign.
2) Of a → matrix, to interchange → rows and → columns.
3) The mathematical object obtained by replacing all → elements aij with aji.

From M.E. transposen, from O.Fr. transposer, from L. transponere "to place over," from → trans- + ponere "to put, place."

Tarânehâdan, tarânehâd, from tarâ-, → trans-, + nehâdan "to place, put; to set;" Mid.Pers. nihâtan; Av. ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + dâ- "to put; to establish; to give," dadâiti "he gives;" cf. Skt. dadâti "he gives;" Gk. didomi "I give;" L. do "I give;" PIE base *do- "to give").

transposed matrix
  ماتریس ِ ترانهاده   
mâtris-e tarânahâdé

Fr.: matrice transposée   

The matrix of → order n x m obtained from a matrix of order m x n by exchanging the order of the → rows and → columns.

Tansposed, p.p. of → transpose; → matrix.


Fr.: transposition   

Math.: A permutation of a set of elements that interchanges two elements and leaves the remaining elements in their original positions. For example, the swapping of 2 and 5 to take the list 123456 to 153426 is a transposition.
Optics: The changing of the relative curves of a lens without changing its refractive value.

trans-; → position.

transuranium element
  بن‌پار ِ ترا-اورانیومی   
bonpâr-e tarâ-urâniomi

Fr.: élément transuranien   

An element beyond uranium in the periodic table, with atomic number greater than 92. Such elements do not occur in nature, but may be obtained by suitable nuclear reactions. They are all radioactive and members of the actinide group.

trans-; → uranium; → element.

tarâgozar (#)

Fr.: transversale   

A line that cuts across two or more lines. A transversal cutting two lines generates eight angles, four lying between the two lines, four external to the two lines.

M.E., from M.L. transversalis, from → transverse + → -al.


tarâgozar (#)

Fr.: transverse   

Lying or extending crosswise or at right angles to something. → transverse velocity; → transverse wave.

From L. transversus "turned or directed across," p.p. of transvertere "to turn across," from → trans- + vertere "to turn," cognate with Pers. gardidan "to turn, to change;" Mid.Pers. vartitan; Av. varət- "to turn, revolve;" Skt. vrt- "to turn, roll," vartate "it turns round, rolls;" O.H.G. werden "to become;" PIE base *wer- "to turn, bend."

Tarâgozar, from tarâ-trans- + gozar "passage, transit, passing," from gozaštan "to pass, cross, transit," variant gozâštan "to put, to place, let, allow;" Mid.Pers. widardan, widâštan "to pass, to let pass (by);" O.Pers. vitar- "to pass across," viyatarayam "I put across;" Av. vi-tar- "to pass across," from vi- "apart, away from" (O.Pers. viy- "apart, away;" Av. vi- "apart, away;" cf. Skt. vi- "apart, asunder, away, out;" L. vitare "to avoid, turn aside") + O.Pers./Av. tar- "to cross over;" → trans-.

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