Fr.: correspondance un à un
A relationship between two distinct sets of elements such that every member of the first set can be paired with a unique element in the second set; and every member of the second set can be paired with a unique element in the first set. Two sets so related are said to be isomorphic.
A plant, Allium cepa, of the amaryllis family, having an edible, succulent, pungent bulb (Dictionary.com).
M.E., from Anglo-French union, O.Fr. oignon "onion," from L. unio-, also "pearl," literally "one, unity;" sense connection is the successive layers of an onion.
Mid.Pers. payâz, payâc; cf. Sogd. piyâk "onion," Yidgha piq, Vakhi piûk, Yazghulami piyeq, Kurd. pivaz; maybe related to PIE *peuk- "to prick, to sting, to stab," because of its pungent taste; cf. Gk. peukos "sting, prick, cusp, peak."
(Adverb) Without others or anything further; alone; solely; exclusively. → if and only if.
M.E., from O.E. anlic, from ân, → one.
1) Classical philosophy: That part of metaphysics which is concerned with
the nature of existence or the essence of things.
From Mod.L. ontologia, from Gk. on (genitive ontos) "being" (pr.p. of einai "to be"), akin to L. esse "to be;" Pers. hastan, astan "to be," hasti "existence, being," as below; + -logia, → -logy.
abr-e Ort (#)
Fr.: nuage de Oort
Named after Jan Hendrik Oort (1900-1992), a Dutch astronomer who proposed its existence in 1950. He also made major contributions to our knowledge of the structure and rotation of the Milky Way Galaxy; → cloud.
Fr.: limite de Oort
1) The upper limit for the density of all matter in the plane of the Galaxy near the Sun's
locality, as calculated from the velocities and distribution of stars
in relation to the gravitational field of the Galactic disk. The value is
0.14 solar masses per cubic parsec, or 9.5 x 10-24 g cm3.
Fr.: minimum de Oort
Fr.: constantes de Oort
Two parameters, denoted A and B, that describe the major features of our Galaxy's differential rotation in the Sun's neighbourhood. A is one-half of the shear and equal to +14.4 ± 1.2 km s-1 kpc-1, and B, one-half of the vorticity, equal to -12.0 ± 2.8 km s-1 pc-1.
1) General: The state or quality of being opaque.
From Fr. opacité, from L. opacitatem (nom. opacitas) "shade, shadiness," from opacus "shaded, dark, opaque."
Kederi, from keder "opaque," from Ar. kader + -i suffix forming nouns from adjectives.
M.E., from M.Fr. opalle, from L. opalus, from Gk. opallios "opal, gem;" probably from a source akin to Skt. upala "jewel, precious stone."
Loan from E., as above.
1) The state of being → opalescent, or
emitting an → iridescence like that of
Exhibiting a play of colors like that of the opal.
Not permitting a radiation to pass through.
Adj. form of → opacity.
O.E. open "not closed down, raised up," also "uncovered, bare; plain, evident," related to up; from P.Gmc. *upana (cf. O.N. opinn, Swed. öppen, Dan. aaben, O.Fris. epen, O.H.G. offan "open"), from PIE *upo "up from under, over;" cf. L. sub; Gk. hypo; O.Pers. upā (prep.) "under, with;" Av. upā, upa (prep.; prevb) "toward, with, on, in;" Mod.Pers. bâ "with," from abâ; Skt. úpa (adv., prevb., prep.) "toward, with, under, on."
Bâz "open," from Mid.Pers. abâz-, apâc-, O.Pers. apa- [pref.] "away, from;" Av. apa- [pref.] "away, from," apaš [adv.] "toward the back;" cf. Skt. ápāñc "situated behind."
xuše-ye bâz (#)
Fr.: amas ouvert
A loose grouping of dozens or hundreds of young stars distributed in a region a few light-years across. Open clusters are relatively young, typically containing many hot, highly luminous stars. They are located within the disk of the Galaxy, whence their older name Galactic clusters.
Fr.: intervalle ouvert
An interval that does not include its two endpoints.
open magnetic field line
xatt-e bâz-e meydân-e meqnâtisi-ye
Fr.: ligne ouverte de champ magnétique
In the context of solar physics, a → magnetic field line when it crosses the solar surface only once, i.e., when it goes from surface to infinity. This is the case at a sufficiently large scale in → coronal holes. This is mostly not the case in → active regions.
Fr.: ensemble ouvert
A set consisting of points having neighborhoods wholly contained in the set, as the set of points within a circle.
fazâ-ye bâz (#)
Fr.: espace ouvert
A space of infinite volume without any boundary. Triangles which lie on the surface of an open space will have a sum of angles which is less than 180°. An open space has a negative → curvature. See also → open Universe, → closed space.
Fr.: système ouvert