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nonlinear system râžmân-e nâxatti Fr.: système non-linéaire A system in which small changes can result in large effects, and large changes in small effects. |
nonlinearity nâxattigi Fr.: non-linéarité The property, condition, or state of being → nonlinear. |
nonrising star setâre-ye hamiše penhân (#) Fr.: A star that is never seen above the horizon from a given position. These stars are located between the celestial pole and a diurnal circle with an angular distance larger than the altitude of the pole. Nonrising, from → non- + rising adj. of → rise; → star. Setâré, → star; hamiše penhân, literally "always hidden," coined by Biruni (A.D. 973-1050) in his at-Tafhim, from hamišé "always" (Mid.Pers. hamêšag "always") + penhân "hidden." |
nonsense jafang (#) Fr.: non sense Word or language having no meaning. → absurd. Jafang "nonsense, futile." |
nonsetting star setâre-ye hamiše peydâ (#) Fr.: A star that is always seen above the horizon from a given position. These stars are located between the celestial pole and a diurnal circle with an angular distance smaller than the altitude of the pole. Same as → circumpolar star. Nonsetting, from → non- + setting adj. of → set; → star. Setâré, → star; hamiše peydâ literally "always visible," coined by Biruni (A.D. 973-1050) in his at-Tafhim, from hamišé "always," → perpetual, + peydâ, → visible. |
nonsingular matrix mâtris-e nâtakin Fr.: matrice non singulière A → square matrix that is not a → singular matrix. |
nonviscous nâvošksân Fr.: non visqueux |
noon nimruz (#) Fr.: midi The time of day when the Sun crosses the observer's meridian and is at its highest point above the horizon. At this point, the Sun lies due south of an observer in the northern hemisphere and due north of an observer in the southern hemisphere. M.E. none; O.E. non, from L. nona hora "ninth hour" of daylight by Roman reckoning, about 3 p.m. Nimruz, from nim "mid-, half" (Mid.Pers. nêm, nêmag "half;" Av. naēma- "half;" cf. Sk. néma- "half") + ruz→ day. |
norm hanjâr (#) Fr.: norme General: A standard, model, or pattern regarded as typical. From Fr. norme, from O.Fr., from L. norma "carpenter's square, rule, pattern," of unknown origin. Hanjâr "a straight road; way, rule, law; habit, custom; conduct; a mason's rule, a plumb-line, a level;" Mid.Pers. hanjâr "right, correct;" from Proto-Iranian *ham-cara-, *han-cara- prefixed *cara- "to move, walk" (cf. Av. car- "to move, go, walk," carāni "I would go," carāt "he would go;" Mod.Pers. caridan "to graze," gozârdan "to explain," gozâreš "explanation"); cf. Skt. samcara- "passage, way, road, path; going about, moving," from prefix sam- + cara- "moving, going, walking;" Gk. pelomai "to move;" L. colere "to till, cultivate, inhabit." |
Norma Guniyâ (#) Fr.: Règle The Carpenter's Square. A small and inconspicuous southern constellation which lies between → Scorpius and → Centaurus. Its brightest star is only of magnitude 4.0. Abbreviation: Nor; genitive: Normae Initially Norma et Regula, L. translation of l'Équerre et la Règle "the Set Square and the Ruler," as named by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille (1713-1762). Guniyâ "carpenter's square," probably related to konj "angle, corner, confined place" (variants xong "corner, angle," Tabari kânj, Kurd. kunj, Hamadâni kom) and zânu "knee" (Av. žnu-), Skt. kona- "angle, corner," Gk. gonia "angle,", gony "knee," L. genu "knee," cuneus "a wedge," Albanian (Gheg dialect) kân "angle, corner," Albanian (Toks) kënd "angle, corner;" PIE base PIE base *g(e)neu-. |
normal 1) hanjârvar, hanjârmand; 2) hanjâr; Fr.: 1) normal; 2) normale 1) Conforming to the usual standard, type, custom; not abnormal; regular; natural. From L.L. normalis "standing at right angle, in conformity with rule," from L. normalis "made according to a carpenter's square," from norma "rule, pattern," literally "carpenter's square." Hanjârvar, hanjârmand, adjectives of hanjâr, → norm. |
normal dispersion pâšeš-e hanjârmand Fr.: dispersion normale The dispersion in which a shorter wavelength is associated with a higher → refractive index. Contrasted with the → anomalous dispersion. → normal; → dispersion. |
normal distribution vâbâžeš-e hanjârvar Fr.: distribution normale A theoretical frequency distribution for a set of variable data, usually represented by a bell-shaped curve with a mean at the center of the curve and tail widths proportional to the standard deviation of the data about the mean. Same as → Gaussian distribution. → normal; → distribution. |
normal state hâlat-e hanjârvar Fr.: état fondamental Of an atom, the same as → ground state. |
normality hanjârvari Fr.: normalité General: The fact or condition of being normal. |
normalization hanjârvareš Fr.: normalisation 1) A mathematical technique for adjusting a series of values (typically representing a set of
measurements) according to some transformation function in order to make
them comparable with some specific point of reference. Verbal noun of → normalize. |
normalize hanjârvaridan, hanjârvar kardan Fr.: normaliser To change in scale so that the sum of squares, or the integral of the square, of the transformed quantity is unity. |
normalized hanjârvaridé, hanjârver šodé Fr.: normalisé The quality of something that has undergone → normalization. P.p. of → normalize. |
normalized Hubble parameter pârâmun-e Hubble-e hanjârvaridé Fr.: paramètre Hubble normalisé A dimensionless parameter expressed by h(z) = H(z)/H_{0}, where H(z) is the → Hubble parameter at → redshift z and H_{0} is the → Hubble constant. → normalized; → Hubble; → parameter. |
north hudar Fr.: nord The → cardinal point at which the → meridian cuts the → horizon below the → north celestial pole. M.E., O.E. norð, from P.Gmc. *nurtha- (cf. O.N. norðr, M.Du. nort, Du. noord, Ger. nord), ultimately from PIE *ner- "left, below." Note:
North is related to left since it is to the left when one faces the rising Sun.
This occurs in, for example, the etymology of E. north, as above.
The same goes for Ar. shimal, which also means "left." |
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