Fr.: coefficient de Fourier
One of the coefficients an or bn of cos (nx)
and sin (nx) respectively in the → Fourier series
representation of a function. They are expressed by:
Fr.: intégrale de Fourier
An integral used in the → Fourier transform.
Fr.: séries Fourier
A mathematical tool used for decomposing a → periodic function
into an infinite sum of sine and cosine functions. The general form of the
Fourier series for a function f(x) with period 2π is:
Fr.: théorème de Fourier
Any finite periodic motion may be analyzed into components, each of which is a simple harmonic motion of definite and determinable amplitudes and phase.
Fr.: transformée de Fourier
A powerful mathematical tool which is the generalization of the → Fourier series for the analysis of non-periodic functions. The Fourier transform transforms a function defined on physical space into a function defined on the space of frequencies, whose values quantify the "amount" of each periodic frequency contained in the original function. The inverse Fourier transform then reconstructs the original function from its transformed frequency components. The integral F(α) = ∫ f(u)e-iαudu is called the Fourier transform of F(x) = (1/2π)∫ f(α)eiαxdx, both integrals from -∞ to + ∞.
Fr.: quatrième contact
The end of a solar eclipse marked by the disk of the Moon completely passing away from the disk of the Sun.
From M.E. fourthe, O.E. féowertha, from four, from O.E. feower, from P.Gmc. *petwor- (cf. Du. and Ger. vier, O.N. fjorir, Dan. fire, Sw. fyra), from PIE *qwetwor (cf. Mod.Pers. cahâr, Av. caθwar-, catur-, Skt. catvarah, Gk. tessares, L. quattuor) + -th a suffix used in the formation of ordinal numbers, from M.E. -the, -te, O.E. -tha, -the; cf. O.N. -thi, -di; L. -tus; Gk -tos; → contact.
Parmâs, → contact; cahârom cardinal form from cahâr "four," cognate with E. four, as above.
lake-ye zard (#)
A small depression, approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter, at the back of the → retina. It forms the area of the most acute vision.
Contraction of fovea centralis, from L. fovea "small pit," of unknown origin.
Any of several carnivores of the dog family, especially those of the genus Vulpes, smaller than wolves, having a pointed, slightly upturned muzzle, erect ears, and a long, bushy tail (Dictionary.com).
M.E., from O.E. fox "a fox;" cognate with O.Saxon vohs, M.Du. vos, O.H.G. fuhs, Ger. Fuchs, from Proto-Germanic *fuh-, from PIE *puk- "tail;" cf. Skt. puccha- "tail," Toch. B päkā- "tail."
Rubâh, from Mid.Pers. rôbâh (Sogd. ropas), Av. raopi- "fox." This Iranian word was borrowed into Nordic languages as Old Norse rew, Icelandic refur, Faroese revur, Swedish räv, Danish ræv, Finnish repo. The transmission would have taken place through Sarmatian or Alanic intermediaries (cf. Ossetic ruvas / robas "fox").
A geometrical or physical structure that repeats itself or nearly repeats itself on many different scales of magnification.
Fr.: cosmologie fractale
The postulate that the concentrations of matter in the Universe follow a → fractal structure over a wide range of scales.
Fr.: structure fractale
A → hierarchial structure that can be likened to fractals.
A rational number of the form a/b where a is called the numerator and b is called the denominator.
From L.L. fractionem (nom. fractio) "a breaking in pieces," from frangere "to break," from PIE base *bhreg- "to break" (cf. Goth. brikan, O.E. brecan "to break;" Lith. brasketi "crash, crack").
Barxé, from barx "lot, portion," variant bahr, from Mid.Pers. bahr "lot, share, portion," Av. baxəδra- "portion."
Fr.: fractionnaire, fractionné, partiel
1) Math.: Pertaining to fractions; constituting a fraction.
fractional sky coverage
pušeš-e barxe-yi-ye âsmân
Fr.: couverture partielle du ciel
The portion of the 4π → steradians of the sky that a radiotelescope can observe from a given location on Earth over a 24-hour time interval.
1) To break something up into smaller parts.
From → fraction + -ate a suffix forming verbs or nouns, from L. -atus, -ata, -atum.
Barxândan, from barx, barxé, → fraction, + -ândan suffix of transitive verbs.
1) Any of various methods of separating the components of a mixture into
fractions of different properties.
Verbal noun from → fractionate.
1) latté (#), latt (#), pâré (#); 2) latpâr šodan (#); 3) latpâridan
Fr.: 1) fragment; 2) se fragmenter; 3) fragmenter
1) (n.) A part broken off or detached.
From L. fragmentum, from frangere "to break."
1) Latté, lat, variant laxt, laxté "piece, part;"
pâré "piece, part, portion, fragment;" Mid.Pers. pârag
"piece, part, portion; gift, offering, bribe;" Av. pāra- "debt," from
par- "to remunerate, equalize; to condemn;"
PIE *per- "to sell, hand over, distribute; to assigne;" cf. L. pars
"part, piece, side, share,"
portio "share, portion;" Gk. peprotai "it has been granted;"
Skt. purti- "reward;"
Hitt. pars-, parsiya- "to break, crumble."
Generally, the process of breaking up into smaller parts. In particular, the splitting of a large molecular cloud into smaller, denser clumps. → cloud fragmentation.
From → fragmenta + -ation, a combination of -ate and -ion, used to form nouns from stems in -ate.
Latpâreš, verbal noun from latpâridan, → fragment.
Fr.: processus de fragmentation
1) cârcub (#); 2), 3) tasvirak
Fr.: 1) cadre; 2), 3) image
1) A border or case for enclosing a picture, mirror, etc.; a structure for admitting or
Frame, from M.E. verb framen "to prepare (timber)," from O.E. framian "to avail, profit."; cf. O.H.G. (gi)framon "to do."
1) Cârcub "frame," from câr, contraction of cahâr "four" (→ four) + cub "stick, satff, beam," Mid.Pers. côp "wood, stick." 2) Tasvirak from Ar. tasvir "image" + -ak suffix of relation and similarity (as in poštak, dastak, nâxonak), → fibril.