karnâ, karnâ-ye xorând
Fr.: cornet d'alimentation
1) To perceive or examine by touch.
M.E. felen, from O.E. felan "to touch;" cf. O.S. gifolian, O.Fr.fela, Du. voelen, O.H.G. vuolen, Ger. fühlen "to feel;" from PIE root *pal- "to touch, feel, shake, strike softly" (cognates: Gk. psallein "to pluck (the harp)," L. palpare "to touch softly, stroke").
Sohidan, from Mid.Pers. sôhistan "to feel, to touch," sôhešn "feeling, sense," of unknown origin. Note Pers. sahestan "to fear," from Proto-Ir. *θrah- "to shake; to fear;" Pers. tars, harâs, sham "fear;" may be they are of different roots.
1) The function or the power of perceiving by touch.
Verbal noun of "to → feel."
1) Characteristic of or appropriate or unique to women.
M.E. feminin, from O.Fr. femenin "feminine, female; with feminine qualities," from L. femininus "feminine," from femina "woman, female," literally "she who suckles," from root of felare "to suck, suckle;" cf. Gk. thele "mother's breast, nipple," thelys "female, fruitful;" Pers. dâyé, dâyah "(wet-nurse);" PIE root *dhe(i)- "to suck, suckle."
Mâdin, from mâdé "female," from Mid.Pers. mâdag, "female," from mâd, → mother.
1) Belief in the social, political, and economic freedom of women and
equality of the sexes. Feminism is closely tied to democracy and
From Fr. féminisme, from féminin "feminine, female," from L. femininus "feminine" (originally in the grammatical sense), from femina "woman, female," literally "she who suckles," cognates fecund "fruitful, fertile," felix "happy," fetus "offspring, pregnancy;" PIE base *dheh(i)- "to suck, suckle;" cf. Gk. thele "mother's breast;" Pers. dâyé "wet nurse."
Zâd-zan-bâvari, from zâdzan "free woman" (on the model of zâdmard "free man, valiant man, generous man," zâdsarv "tall and upright cypress tree"), from zâd, contraction of âzâd, → free, + zan, → woman, + bâvari, → -ism.
In the International System of Units, a prefix meaning 10-15.
From Danish and Norwegian femten "fifteen," from O.N. fimmtān (Sw. femton, Du. vüftien, Ger. fünfzehn, E. fifteen, Pers. pânzdah), ultimately from PIE base *penkwe "five" (cf. Mod.Pers. panj, Av. panca, Skt. pánca, Gk. pente, L. quinque) + PIE *dekm "ten" (cf. Mod.Pers. dah, Av. dasa, Skt. dáśa, Arm. tasn, Gk. deka, L. decem, Ger. zehn, E. ten, Fr. dix).
Fr.: nombre de Fermat
Fr.: nombre de Fermat premier
Fermat's last theorem
vâpasin farbin-e Fermat
Fr.: dernier théorème de Fermat
In → number theory, the statement that for all → integers, the equation xn + yn = zn has no solution in → positive integer. After 358 years of effort by mathematicians to prove the theorem, a complete proof was found by Andrew Wiles in 1995.
Fr.: principe de Fermat
The path taken by a ray of light going from one point to another through any set of media is such that the time taken is a minimum. This principle governs the light propagation and determines the geodesics of optical paths.
Put forward by Pierre de Fermat (1601-1665), French mathematician, born at Beaumont-de-Lomagne; → principle
A unit of length equal to 10-13 cm.
After Enrico Fermi (1901-1954), the Italian-born American physicist who was a key figure in the development of nuclear physics. He was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize for Physics.
Fr.: constante de Fermi
Fr.: énergie de Fermi
The energy of the highest occupied quantum state in a system of fermions at absolute zero temperature. See also → Fermi sea.
Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope
Durbin-e fazâyi-ye partowhâ-ye gâmâ Fermi
Fr.: Télescope spatial à rayons gamma Fermi
A space observatory, formerly named GLAST, devoted to the study of → gamma rays emitted from astrophysical objects. Developed by NASA in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy, along with important contributions from academic institutions and partners in France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, and the United States, Fermi was launched on June 11, 2008. The main instrument, the Large Area Telescope (LAT), is an imaging → camera covering the energy range from about 20 → MeV to more than 300 → GeV. Such gamma rays are emitted only in the most extreme conditions, by particles moving very nearly at the → speed of light. The LAT's → field of view covers about 20% of the sky at any time, and it scans continuously, covering the whole sky every three hours. Another instrument, the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) has a field of view several times larger than the LAT and provides → spectral coverage of → gamma-ray burst that extends from the lower limit of the LAT down to 10 → keV.
Fr.: interaction de Fermi
An old explanation, proposed by Enrico Fermi, of the → weak interaction.
Fr.: niveau de Fermi
A measure of the → energy of the least tightly held → electrons within a → solid at a → non-zero → temperature. The value of the Fermi level at → absolute zero (-273.15 °C) is called the → Fermi energy and is a constant for each solid. In other words, the Fermi level is any → energy level having the probability that it is exactly half filled with electrons in the → Fermi-Dirac statistics. Levels of lower energy than the Fermi level tend to be entirely filled with electrons, whereas energy levels higher than the Fermi tend to be empty.
Fr.: paradoxe de Fermi
The apparent contradiction between the high probability of the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations and the lack of evidence of contact with such civilizations.
Fr.: pression de Fermi
Same as → degeneracy pressure.
Fr.: mer de Fermi
A large aggregate of single-state → fermions of lowest energy. When the temperature is lowered to absolute zero, all electrons in solids attempt to get into the lowest available energy level. However, electrons cannot all occupy the lowest energy, or ground state, in virtue of the → Pauli exclusion principle. They stack up in the lowest energy states, with two fermions in each state, one spin up and one spin down. Such assemblage of filled states is called the Fermi "sea," and this state of matter is called → degenerate. All states with energy less than the Fermi energy are filled, and all states above the Fermi energy are empty.