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function karyâ Fr.: fonction A mathematical rule between two sets which assigns to each element of the first exactly one element of the second, as the expression y = ax^{b}. From M.Fr. fonction, from O.Fr. function, from L. functio (gen. functionis) "performance, execution," from functus, p.p. of fungor "to perform, execute." Karyâ, from Av. kairya- "function;" cf. Mod.Pers. Laki karyâ "done," Awromâni kiriyây, kiria "to be done," from kar- "to do" (Mod.Pers. kar-, kardan "to do, to make;" Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "he makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base k^{w}er- "to do, to make") + -ya suffix of verbal adjectives and nouns (e.g. išya- "desirable," jivya- "living, fresh," haiθya- "true," maidya- "middle," dadya- "grain"); cf. Skt. kāryá- "work, duty, performance." |
functional 1) karyâyi; 2) karyâl Fr.: 1) fonctionnel; 2) fonctionnelle 1) Math.: Of, relating to, or affecting a function. |
fundamental bonyâdin (#) Fr.: fondamental 1) Being an original or primary source. L.L. fundamentalis "of the foundation," from L. fundamentum "foundation," from fundare "to found." Bonyâdin, adj. of bonyâd "foundation, basis," from *bondâd (Mid.Pers. bune dâtak "foundation, basis"), from bon "basis; root; foundation; bottom" (Mid.Pers. bun "root; foundation; beginning," Av. būna- "base, depth," cf. Skt. bundha-, budhná- "base, bottom," Pali bunda- "root of tree") + dâd "given," from dâdan "to give" (Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives;" Skt. dadáti "he gives," Gk. didomi "I give," tithenai "to put, set, place;" L. dare "to give, offer;" Rus. delat "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do"). |
fundamental constant pâyâ-ye bonyâdin (#) Fr.: constante fondamentale A physical constant that cannot be expressed in terms of other constants of nature, such as the charge of the electron. → fundamental; → constant. |
fundamental force niru-ye bonyâdin (#) Fr.: force fondamentale Same as the → fundamental interaction. → fundamental; → force. |
fundamental frequency basâmad-e bonyâdin (#) Fr.: fréquence fondamentale The lowest frequency in a complex wave. → fundamental; → frequency. |
fundamental interaction andaržireš-e bonyâdin Fr.: interaction fondamentale Any of the four interactions in nature between bodies of matter and that are mediated by one or more particles. Also called the → fundamental force. In order of decreasing strength, the four fundamental interactions are the → strong interaction, the → electromagnetic interaction, the → weak interaction, and the → gravitational interaction. → fundamental; → interaction. |
fundamental particle zarre-ye bonyâdin (#) Fr.: particule élémentaire Same as → elementary particle. → fundamental; → particle. |
fundamental star setâré-ye bonyâdin Fr.: étoile fondamentale A relatively bright star for which coordinates and proper motion have been determined to a very high degree of accuracy. → fundamental; → star. |
fuse 1) ividan; 2) godâxtan Fr.: fusionner; fondre, mettre en fusion 1) To unite or blend into a whole, as if by melting together.
Related terms: → coalesce; → merge;
→ unify. From L. fusus "poured, melt, cast," p.p. of fundere "to pour, melt." 1) Ividan, literally "to make (combine) into one entity," from iv,
→ one, + -idan infinitive suffix. |
fusion 1, 2, 3) iveš; 3) godâz (#) Fr.: fusion 1) The act or process of fusing; the state of being
→ fused; that which is fused; the result of fusing. From M.Fr. fusion, from L. fusionem, from fusus, p.p. of fundere "to pour, melt." Verbal noun form of → fuse. |
future âyandé (#) Fr.: future General: Time that is to be or come hereafter. M.E. futur, from O.Fr., from L. futurus "about to be," irregular suppletive future participle of esse "to be." Âyandé "future" agent noun/adjective of âmadan "to come, to occur, to become," from Mid.Pers. âmatan; O.Pers. gam- "to come; to go," Av. gam- "to come; to go," jamaiti "goes;" Proto-Iranian *āgmatani; Skt. gamati "goes;" Gk. bainein "to go, walk, step;" L. venire "to come;" Tocharian A käm- "to come;" O.H.G. queman "to come;" E. come; PIE root *gwem- "to go, come." |
future light cone maxrut-e nuri-ye âyandé (#) Fr.: cône de lumière futur The set of all points in a → space-time diagram that are reached by signals travelling from a specified point at the speed of light. |
fuzz porz (#) Fr.: duvet, poils fins 1) Loose, light, fibrous, or → fluffy matter. Of unknown origin; cf. Du. voos "spongy, woolly." Porz "short fuzzy ends of fibers on the surface of cloth, any downy coating," of unknown etymology. |
fuzzification porzvâreš Fr.: fuzzification The first step carried out in a → fuzzy logic system during which a → crisp set of → input data are gathered and converted to a → fuzzy set using fuzzy → linguistic variables, fuzzy linguistic terms, and → membership functions. |
fuzzify pozvâridan Fr.: fuzzifier To convert a → crisp set to a → fuzzy set in a → fuzzy logic system. |
fuzziness porzvâri Fr.: The state or condition of being → fuzzy. |
fuzzy porzvâr Fr.: flou, crépu 1) Of the nature of or resembling → fuzz. From → fuzz + -y adj. suffix, from O.E. -ig, cognate with L. -icus, → -ic. Porzvâr "resembling fuzz," from porz, → fuzz, + -var, a suffix of possession, similarity, and aptitude (e.g., omidvâr, sezâvâr, sugvâr, šâhvâr, gušvâr), → -oid. |
fuzzy image tasvir-e porzvâr Fr.: image floue, ~ estompée Same as → blurred image. |
fuzzy inference system râžmân-e darbord-e porzvâr Fr.: A way of → mapping an → input space to an → output space using → fuzzy logic. FIS uses a collection of fuzzy → membership functions and rules, instead of Boolean logic, to reason about data. Also called → fuzzy logic system. |
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