Fr.: théorie des champs
1) A theory which uses the concept of → field
to describe physical phenomena. It consists of two types:
→ classical field theory
and → quantum field theory.
The precise curve required on the surface of an optical element, especially the mirror of a reflecting telescope.
From O.Fr. figure, from L. figura "a shape, form."
Šekl from Ar. šakl "figure."
Figuring, noun of → figure.
Šekldahi, "giving form," from šekl, → figure + dahi, a verbal noun of dâdan "to give," from Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives;" cf. Skt. dadáti "he gives," Gk. didomi "I give," tithenai "to put, set, place;" L. dare "to give, offer;" facere "to do, to make;" Rus. delat "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do." PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do."
1) A long tongue of a relatively cold matter (10,000 K),
suspended in the → solar corona (2 million K). Filaments
seem dark in the Hα light when they are seen projected on the
solar disk; at the limb they look as what they actually are:
From Mod.L. filamentum, from L.L. filare "to spin, draw out in a long line," from L. filum "thread," from PIE base *gwhi- "thread, tendon;" cf. Gk. bios "bow;" Skt. jiyā- "bow-string;" Av. jiiā- "bow-string;" Mod.Pers. zeh "string, bow-string" (dialectal Qomi zij "mason's cord"); Arm. jil "string, line;" Lith. gijà "thread;" Russ. žica "thread."
Rešté "thread, line, file," from reštan, ristan "to spin;" Mid.Pers. 'rws- "to turn to," abrešom "silk;" Sogdian rwyšt "spun;" Av. uruuaēs- "to twist, turn;" Proto-Iranian *uris- "to turn, spin."
Fr.: nébuleuse filamentaire
A nebula, generally ionized, consisting of filament-like structures of gas, such as the Veil Nebula (NGC 6960) or the supernova remnant IC 443.
Fr.: micromètre filaire
An instrument used with a telescope for accurately measuring small angular separations between two celestial bodies (as between binary stars). The instrument consists of two parallel fine wires with one wire being fixed and the other movable by means of a finely threaded screw.
Kehsanj, → micrometer; zehi adj. of zeh "string, bow-string;" Mid.Pers. zih "bow-string," zig "string; astronomical table" (loaned into Ar. as zij); Av. jiiā- "bow-string;" cf. Skt. jiyā- "bow-string;" Gk. bios "bow;" L. filum "thread;" Arm. jil "string, line;" Lith. gijà "thread;" Russ. žica "thread;" PIE base *gwhi- "thread, tendon."
In computer science, a collection of related data or program records stored on a support.
From M.E. filen, from M.F. filer "to string documents on a thread," O.F. filer "to wind or spin thread," from L.L. filare "to spin, draw out in a long line," from L. filum "thread," from PIE base *gwhi- "thread, tendon;" cf. Gk. bios "bow;" Skt. jiyā- "bow-string;" Av. jiiā- "bow-string;" Mod.Pers. zeh "bow-string;" Arm. jil "string, line," Lith. gijà "thread;" Russ. žica "thread."
Parvandé "file," initially "a bundle, roll, truss (of clothes)," from Mid.Pers. parwastan, parwand- "to surround, enclose, contain, comprise," from par-, variants far-, par-, pirâ- "around, about" (Mid.Pers. pêrâ; O.Pers. pariy "around, about," Av. pairi "around, over;" Skt. pari; Indo-Iranian *pari- "around;" PIE base *per- "through, across, beyond;" cf. Gk. peri "around, about, beyond;" L. per "through") + vand-/band- stem of vastan/bastan "to bind, shut;" O.Pers./Av. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie" (cf. Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten;" PIE *bhendh- "to bind;" Ger. binden; E. bind).
Fr.: facteur de remplissage
Of a molecular cloud or a nebula, the ratio of the volumes filled with matter to the total volume of the cloud.
1) General: A device for separating the constituents of a system according to
a physical property. In particular, a device for removing solid matter suspended
in a liquid by forcing the suspension through a material which retains the solid
matter while allowing the liquid to pass.
From M.L. filtrum "felt," which was used to strain impurities from liquid, from W.Gmc. *filtiz.
Pâlâyé, from pâlây present stem of pâludan "to filter, purify;" Mid.Pers. pâludan, pâlây- "to strain, filter, purify," from Proto-Iranian *pari-harz-, from prefix *pari- "around," → peri-, + harz- "to let go, release;" cf. Av. pairi.harəz- "to filter," from pairi- "around, over" (cf. Skt. pari; Gk. peri "around, about, beyond;" L. per "through;" PIE base *per- "through, across, beyond") + harəz- "to release" (especially water, liquid; cf. Chorasmian pžy- "to purify, filter;" Arm. (loanword) parzel "to filter, purify;"
Pertaining to or coming at the end; last in place, order, or time.
M.E., from O.Fr. final from L. finalis "of or pertaining to an end, concluding," from finis "end."
Pâyâni from pâyân "end, extremity; limit, boundary," from pâ(y) "foot; step; track," → foot.
A meteorite that was not seen to fall, but was found at some later date, as opposed to a → fall.
O.E. findan "to come upon," from P.Gmc. *finthanan (cf. M.Du. vinden, Ger. finden), from PIE *pent- "to go, pass, path, bridge;" cf. Av. paθ-, variants paθi-, paθā-, pantay-; Mid/Mod.Pers. pand "path, advice, councel;" Khotanese pande "road, path;" Ossetic fœndœg "path, road;" cf. Skt. pánthā- "road, path, course;" Gk. patos "path, way," pontos "sea;" L. pons "bridge, path."
Yâft, past stem of yâftan, yâbidan "to find, discover; to obtain, acquire;" Mid.Pers. ayâftan, ayâpênitan "to reach, attain;" Manichean Mid.Pers. 'y'b "to attain;" Parthian, Sogdian (+ *pati-) pty'b "to reach, obtain;" Av. ap- "to reach, overtake," apayeiti "achieved, reached;" Skt. âp- "to reach, gain," âpnoti "reaches, gains;" Gk. hapto, haptomai "to touch, cling to, adhere to;" L. apiscor "touch, reach;" PIE base *ap- "to take, reach."
A low-power telescope with a wide field of view attached to a larger telescope with the optical axes of both telescopes parallel. The finder is used to help point the larger telescope to the desired viewing location.
Agent noun of → find.
Fr.: carte de champ
A sketch or image used to recognize objects in the field of view of a telescope.
Finding, noun of → find; chart, from M.Fr. charte "card, map," from L. charta "leaf of paper, tablet," from Gk. khartes "layer of papyrus."
Negâre-ye yâbeš, from negâré, from negâr "picture, figure" (verb negârdan, negâštan "to paint"), from prefix ne- "down; into," → ni-, + gâr, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "he makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make"); yâbeš, verbal noun of yâftan, → find.
M.E. fin, from O.Fr. fin "perfected, of highest quality," from L. finis "end, limit."
Nâzok "thin, slender, subtle," from Mid.Pers. nâzuk "tender, gentle," variant nâzik, from nâz "joy, pride, glory" + → -ik.
rizgard, qobâr-e nâzok
Fr.: poussière fine
Meteorology: An → inhomogeneous → mixture of tiny, part → solid, part → liquid or → gaseous → particles that are, in average, smaller than ten → microns. The constituents are soot, heavy metals, organic substances, and dioxins. The smaller these dust particles, the deeper they penetrate into the lung. Larger particles are intercepted by mucous membrane in nose, mouth, and throat but smaller particles can penetrate the smallest lung bronchioles and may cause severe damage (various respiratory disorders, lung cancer) → particulate matter.
Fr.: structure fine
Closely spaced components seen at high resolution in a → spectral line. The phenomenon is explained by the fact that instead of a single → energy level corresponding to a given value of the → quantum number n, there are actually a number of energy levels lying close to one another. → fine-structure constant, → fine-structure line.
pâyâ-ye sâxtâr-e nâzok
Fr.: constante de la structure fine
A measure of the strength of → interaction between a → charged particle and the → electromagnetic field. It is a → dimensionless number expressed (in → cgs units) by α = e2/ħc, where e is the → electron charge, ħ is the → reduced Planck's constant, and c is the → speed of light. It is approximately equal to 1/137 or 7.3 x 10-3. The smallness of this number is of great importance since it determines the size of → atoms and the → stability of → matter.
xatt bâ sâxtâr-e nâzok
Fr.: raie de structure fine
Any of the terminal members of the hand, especially one other than the thumb (Dictionary.com).
M.E., from O.E. fingor, cognate with Ger. Finger, Du. vinger, O.N. fingr, Goth. figgrs.
Angošt, variants angol, angul (also angal "loop"); Mid.Pers. angust; Av. angušta- "toe," ank- "curved, crooked;" cf. Skt. angustha- "thumb," angula- "finger," ankah "hook, bent;" Gk. angkon "elbow," angkura "anchor;" L. angulum "corner;" Lith. anka "loop;" O.E. ancleo "ankle;" O.H.G. ango "hook;" PIE *ang-/*ank- "to bend".
A weak yet important kind of mixing that results from → fingering instability in stars within → radiative zones that have an unstable mean → molecular weight → gradient. Also called → thermohaline convection.