1) The degree to which an → optical system renders visible
separate parts of an object. Also known as → angular resolution and
→ spatial resolution. See also
→ spectral resolution.
Verbal noun of → resolve.
resolution of a force
Fr.: résolution de force
Vâgošudan, from prefix vâ-, → re-, + gošudan, gošâdan "to loose, open up, let free;" gošâd "opened; ample, broad;" Mid.Pers. wišâdan "to let free;" Khotanese hīyā "bound;" O.Pers. višta "untied, loosened," vištāspa- "with loosened horses" (personal name); Av. višta "untied," ā-hišāiiā "holds fettered," hita- "fastened, tied on, put to;" cf. Skt. sā- "to bind, fasten, fetter," sitá- "bound," ví-sita- "untied."
Past participle of → resolve.
Fr.: raie résolue
A → spectral line that is not contaminated by other nearby lines.
Fr.: pouvoir de résolution, pouvoir séparateur
A measure of an optical system's ability to produce an image which separates two points or parallel lines on the object.
1) The state of a mechanical system in which the amplitude of oscillation is increased
when it is subjected to stimulus from another source at or near its own natural
Resonance, from M.Fr. resonance, from L. resonantia "echo," from resonare "to resound," from re- "again, back" + sonare "to sound."
Bâzâvâyi, from bâz- "again, back," → re-, + âvâ "voice, sound" (related to âvâz "voice, sound, song," bâng "voice, sound, clamour" (Mid.Pers. vâng), vâžé "word;" Av. vacah- "word," vaocanghê "to decalre" (by means of speech), from vac- "to speak, say;" cf. Skt. vakti "speaks, says," vacas- "word;" Gk. epos "word;" L. vox "voice;" PIE base *wek- "to speak") + -yi noun suffix.
Fr.: capture résonante
Capture by an atomic nucleus of a particle whose energy is equal to one of the energy levels of the nucleus.
Fr.: fréquence de résonance
The frequency at which a system is in → resonance.
Fr.: raie de résonance
For a particular atom, the spectral line corresponding to the longest wavelength arising from a transition between the ground state and an excited state.
Fr.: particule de résonance
A hadronic particle which exists for only a very brief time (10-23 seconds) before decaying into hadrons; also called resonance. The existence of a resonance cannot be observed directly; it can only be inferred from studying the longer-lived products of its decay.
resonance region neutron
notron-e nâhiye-ye bâzâvâyi
Fr.: neutron dans la région de résonance
A neutron with an energy between 1 eV and 0.01 MeV.
Pertaining to a system in a state of → resonance; producing resonance; resounding.
Verbal adj. from → resonate.
Fr.: circuit résonnant
An electrical circuit containing both capacitance and inductance in such a way that a certain periodic electric oscillation will reach maximum amplitude.
Fr.: réaction résonnante
A nuclear reaction whose probability is enhanced at an energy corresponding to an energy level of one of the nuclei. → resonance capture.
Fr.: relaxation résonnante
A process whereby stellar orbit relaxation can be dramatically enhanced in orbits in a nearly Keplerian star cluster close to a → massive black hole (MBH). This process can modify the angular momentum distribution and affect the interaction rates of the stars with the MBH more efficiently than non-resonant relaxation. In the standard relaxation picture, each encounter is random and uncorrelated, so stars undergo a random walk. Relaxation is driven by the diffusion of energy which then leads to angular momentum transfer. However, in a stellar cluster around a MBH, each star will be on a Keplerian orbit, which is a fixed ellipse in space. The orbits of two nearby stars will thus exert correlated torques on one another, which can lead to a direct resonant evolution of the angular momentum. Since resonant relaxation increases the rate of angular momentum scattering, stars reach highly eccentric orbits more rapidly where they can become → extreme mass ratio inspiral (EMRI)s (Rauch, K.P., Tremaine, S., 1996, arXiv:astro-ph/9603018; Gair J.R. et al. 2013, Living Rev. Relativity, 16, (2013), 7 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2013-7, doi:10.12942/lrr-2013-7).
To produce or exhibit mechanical, electrical, or chemical resonance, or cause a system to produce or exhibit resonance.
Verbal form of → resonance.
Verbal noun of resorb, from L. resorbere, from → re- + sorbere "to swallow, suck up."
Bâzšam, from bâz "again, back," → re-, + šam, variant of zšâm, as in âšâm, âšâmidan "to drink, to sip;" Av. šam- "to drink, sip, swallow;" Skt. cam, camati "to sip, dirink, lick up, absorb."
1) A source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily drawn
upon when needed.
1) sepâk; 2) sepâkidan
Fr.: 1) respect; 2) respecter
1a) Esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person, a
personal quality or ability, or something considered as a
manifestation of a personal quality or ability.
M.E., from O.Fr., from L. respectus "regard, a looking at," literally "act of looking back (or often) at one," p.p. of respicere "to look back at, regard, consider," from → re- "back" + specere "to look at," cognate with Pers. sepâs "favor, thanksgiving," as below.
Sepâk, variant of sepâs "favor, kindness, thanksgiving;" cf. Sogd. spaxš, sp(a)š, speš, (ə)spaxš "to serve, to respect, to honor;" Mid.Pers. spâs "service, gratitude, thanks;" Av. spas-, spaš-, spôš- "to attend to; to serve;" Skt. spaś- "to observe, watch, spy;" Gk. skeptomai "I look around;" L. specere "to see;" PIE root *spek- "to look around, to notice."