Not → often; rarely.
M.E., from O.E. seldum, variant of seldan; cognate with Ger. selten, Goth. silda-, Dutch zelden.
Adverb from perz, → rare.
Fr.: sélectionner, choisir
To choose from among several.
From L. selectus, p.p. of seligere "to choose out, gather apart," from se- "apart" + legere "to gather, select."
Gozidan "to select, choose;" Mid.Pers. vicitan, wizidan, wizin- "to choose, select, discriminate," related to cin-, cidan "to gather, collect;" Av. vicidāi- "to discern," viciθa- "separation, discernment;" from vi- "apart, away from" (O.Pers. viy- "apart, away;" cf. Skt. vi- "apart, asunder, away, out;" L. vitare "to avoid, turn aside") + kay- "to choose;" cf. Skt. ci- "to gather, heap up," cinoti "gathers."
Fr.: règle de sélection
Any of a set of rules specifying the relationships between the → quantum numbers that characterize the initial and final states of a quantum-mechanical system in a → discrete transition. Transitions that do not agree with the selection rules are called → forbidden and have considerably lower probability. There are several types of selection rules (→ rigorous selection rule, → LS coupling, etc.) for → electric dipole transition (→ permitted), → magnetic dipole (forbidden), electric → quadrupole (forbidden), etc.
Fr.: absorption sélective
Absorption which varies with the wavelength of radiation incident upon an absorbing substance.
Fr.: diffusion sélective
Same as → horizontal eclipse.
From Gk. selene "Moon," related to sela "light, brightness, flame," + helion, → sun.
Same as → horizontal eclipse.
From Fr. selenelion, contraction of → selenehelion.
Referring to or pertaining to the center of the Moon.
selenocentric gravitational constant
pâyâ-ye gerâneši-ye mâh-markazi
Fr.: constante gravitationnelle sélénocentrique
Topographic description and charting of the surface of the Moon.
From seleno- combining form of Gk. selene "moon" + → -graphy.
A combining form of self with a range of related meanings.
From M.E., from O.E. self, seolf, sylf "one's own person, same;" cf. O.Fris. self, Du. zelf, O.H.G. selb, Ger. selbst.
Xod-, from xod; Mid.Pers. xwad "self; indeed;" Av. hva- "self, own."
The decrease in the radiation from a material caused by the absorption of a part of the radiation by the material itself.
Fr.: connaissance de soi
The characteristic of a system of masses, such as a star, kept together by mutual gravity.
The → gravitational attraction of a system of masses, such of a planet, that allows the system to be held together by their mutual gravity. Self-gravity between atoms allows a → star to hold together, despite tremendous temperature and pressure. Similarly, to be considered a → planet, a body must have enough mass so that its self-gravity pulls it into a near-spherical shape.
The inductance associated with an isolated electric circuit that is characteristic of the circuit's physical design.
The generation of a voltage in a circuit due to self-inductance, the polarity of which tends to oppose the changing current in the circuit.
gerde-ye xod-pardé, disk-e ~
Fr.: disque auto-écranté
A model of → accretion disk around a → pre-main sequence star or a → protostar in which the outer parts of the disk are geometrically flat, in contrast to a → flared disk. Inward of a certain radius (0.5-1 AU from the star) the dust in the disk evaporates. Because the dust is the main source of opacity and the gas in the disk is usually optically thin, the irradiation burns a hole in the disk. Moreover, the inner rim puffs up, similarly to the case of flared disks. The difference lies in the outer parts. The inner rim casts its shadow over the disk all the way out. Since the disk thickness is almost constant, no photons can reach the surface of the disk and the outer parts of the disk remain shadowed by the inner rim and the midplane temperatures decrease accordingly. This model explains the observed → spectral energy distribution of some pre-main sequence stars, such as HD 101412. It also accounts for the observed weak → far infrared→ excess, weak or no → PAH emission, and weak or no [O I] emission.
The phenomenon whereby the → photodissociation transitions of a molecule in interstellar clouds become → optically thick, so that the molecule in question is "shielded" by other molecules against dissociating stellar → far-ultraviolet (FUV) photons. In the case of → molecular hydrogen (H2), when the → column density exceeds 1014 cm-2, the UV absorption bands become optically thick, and H2 undergoes self-shielding. More specifically, all of the photons that could lead to UV photodissociation are absorbed by H2 in the outer layers of the cloud, hence protecting the H2 within the cloud. Self-shielding occurs in → diffuse interstellar clouds exposed to the interstellar → radiation field or in → molecular clouds in proximity to sources of UV photons. Dust can also absorb UV photons, further limiting the photodissociation, but it dominates only when the local UV radiation field is unusually intense relative to the density of the cloud.
1) Of a geometric figure, having a structure analogous or identical to its overall structure.