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The systematic grouping of astronomical objects into categories on the basis of physical, morphological, or evolutionary characteristics.
Classification, from O.Fr., from classifier, from → class + -fier, from L. -ficare, root of facere "to make, do;" PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Skt. dadhati "puts, places;" Av. dadaiti "he puts," O.Pers. ada "he made," Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place."
Radebandi, from radé, → class, + bandi, verbal noun of bastan "to bind, shut; to get, acquire, incur," from Mid.Pers. bastan/vastan "to bind, shut;" Av./O.Pers. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie;" cf. Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten;" Ger. binden, E. bind, → band; PIE base *bhendh- "to bind."
A chemical substance in which a molecule of one compound fills a cavity within the crystal lattice of another compound. An example is clathrate hydrate, a special type of gas hydrate in which small molecules (typically gases) are trapped inside "cages" of hydrogen bonded water molecules. Large amounts of methane have been discovered both in permafrost formations and under the ocean floor. Similarly oceans contain large quantities of trapped CO2, which dissociate when the temperature rises sufficiently.
From L. clathratus, p.p. of clathrarer "to fit with bars," from clathra "bars, lattice," from Gk. kleithron " bar," from kleiein "to close."
1) Grammar: A syntactic construction containing a subject and predicate and
forming part of a sentence or constituting a whole simple sentence.
M.E., from O.Fr. clause, from M.L. clausa "conclusion," used in the sense of classical L. clausula "the end, a closing, termination," also "end of a sentence or a legal argument," from clausa, from p.p. of claudere "to close, to shut, to conclude," → closure.
Band present stem of bastan "to close, to fasten, to bind," → closure.
Fr.: équation de Clausius
A first-order improvement on the → ideal gas law that corrects for the finite volume of molecules.
Fr.: postulat de Clausius
If heat flows by conduction from body A to another body B, then a transformation whose only final result is to transfer heat from B to A is impossible. Clausius's postulate is a formulation of the → second law of thermodynamics. It is also equivalent to → Kelvin's postulate.
Fr.: équation de Clausius-Clapeyron
An approximation of the → Clapeyron equation for liquid-vapor equilibrium that incorporates the → ideal gas law and states that the logarithm of vapor pressure is inversely proportional to temperature.
A broad class of hydrous → silicate minerals that has the tetrahedral silicate groups linked in sheets. Clay commonly forms as a product of rock weathering. Deposits of phyllosilicates, such as chamosite and nontronite, recently identified on Mars are attributed to the action of liquid water in the past history of this planet.
O.E. clæg "stiff, sticky earth; clay," from PIE base *glei- "to stick together;" cf. Gk. gloios "sticky substance," L. glus, gluten "glue," O.Slav. glina "clay." The Pers. gel "clay, mud," Mid.Pers. gil "clay" may belong to this family.
Ros, variant rost "clay," of unknown origin.
1) Free from darkness, obscurity, or cloudiness.
M.E. clere, from O.Fr. cler, from L. clarus "clear, bright, distinct."
Runé, from Kurd. (Sorani) rûn "bright, clear," rûn kirdin "to explain," variant of rowšan, → bright.
Fr.: nuit claire
A night sky without clouds, mist, or haze, atmospheric dust particles, and without city lights in which a sixth magnitude star is visible by naked-eye.
An ancient device for measuring time by marking the regulated flow of water through a small opening. A water clock.
L., from Gk. klepsudra, from kleptein "to steal" + hudor "water," PIE *wed- "water."
Pangân or pang was a clepsydra in Iran. It consisted of "a copper bason with a small hole in the bottom, for water in which it is placed to flow through, used for measuring time;" etymology unknown.
A very high steep rock or ice face, especially one that runs along a coastline. → scarp.
M.E., O.E. clif (cf. O.S. clif, O.N. klif, O.H.G. klep, M.Du. klippe, Ger. Klippe "cliff, steep rock").
Tondân, from tond "swift, rapid, brisk," → scarp + -ân a suffix of nuance/relation.
kelimâ, âb-o-havâ (#)
The characteristic meteorological conditions (temperature, precipitation, and wind) and their extremes, of any place or region. In other words, weather patterns averaged over a given period of time to obtain a consistent pattern of the expected atmospheric conditions.
M.E. climat, from M.Fr. climat, from L. clima, climat- "region, slope of the Earth," from Gk. klima "region, zone," from base of klinein "to slope," thus "slope of the Earth from equator to pole," from PIE base *klei- "to lean," → inclination.
The scientific study of climates. More specifically, the analysis of weather condition trends over a relatively long period of time (past, present or future). Climatology is distinct from meteorology, which is associated with short-term weather system studies.
M.E. clokke "clock with bells," from O.Fr. cloque "bell" (Fr. cloche, Du. klok, Ger. Glocke), M.L. clocca "bell," of Celtic origin.
Sâat from Ar.
Successive risings and lowerings of voltage on the electrodes of a CCD in order to move the electrons from one pixel to the next.
Fr.: dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre
In the same direction as the rotating hands of a clock when viewed from in front.
From → clock + wise "way, manner," O.E. wise (adj.), from wis, from P.Gmc. *wisaz (cf. Du. wijs, Ger. weise "wise"), PIE base *weid-/*wid- "to see, to know;" cf. Av vaeda "I know," Skt. veda "I know," Gk. oida "I know".
Sâ'atsu, from sâ'at, → clock, + su "direction," Mid.Pers. sôg, sôk "side, direction".
A shoe made of wood.
M.E., of unknown origin.
Katelé, from (Tabari, Gilaki) katelé "wooden shoe," from katel "tree log, tree stump."
M.E. clos, closed, from O.Fr., from L. clausus, p.p. of claudere "to close."
Kip "close, tight" in spoken Pers.
Fr.: approche serrée
In astronomy a general term to describe the positions of two or more objects that come unusually near one to another. In particular, regarding an asteroid's position with respect to Earth, when it is within the Moon's orbit.
close binary star
setâre-ye dorin-e kip
Fr.: étoile binaire serrée
A binary system in which the separation of the component stars is comparable to their diameters, so that they influence each other's evolution most commonly by the tidal forces.