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Fr.: amas du Trapèze
A star cluster located in the center of the → Orion Nebula whose four brightest stars form the vertices of a trapezoid. They are known as θ1 Ori A, B, C, and D and are of magnitude 6.7, 8.0, 5.1, and 6.7 respectively. They are packed in an area 22 arcseconds across (10,000 A.U.). The Trapezium stars are responsible for the illumination of the entire Orion Nebula. The principal and the most massive star of the group is θ1Ori C, a young main sequence → O star of type O6. The three others are → B stars. Almost all of the Trapezium stars are multiple: the most massive star θ1Ori C is double, the next massive star θ1Ori A is triple, θ1Ori B is at least quadruple, and θ1Ori D is apparently single.
1) safar (#); 2) safar kardan, safaridan
Fr.: 1) voyage; 2) voyger
1) The act of traveling, especially to a distant place.
M.E. from travailen "to make a journey," originally the same word as Fr. travail "work, labor" (by shift to "make a laborious journey").
Safar, from Ar.
(British: traveller) A person or thing that travels.
1) A tall, woody perennial plant usually with a single trunk.
M.E., from O.E. treo, treow "tree, wood," from P.Gmc. *trewan (cf. O.S. trio, O.N. tre, Goth. triu), from PIE *deru- "wood" (cf. Mod.Pers. dâr "tree;" O.Pers. dāruv- "wood;" Av. dāuru- "piece of wood, tree trunk;" Skt. dāru- "tree, wood;" Gk. drus "tree;" Serb. drvo "tree;" L. larix "larch tree;" Rus. drevo "tree, wood;" Pol. drwa "wood;" Lith. derva "pine wood;" O.Ir. daur, Welsh derwen "oak").
Deraxt "tree;" Mid.Pers. draxt "tree," two possible etymologies. A suffixed variant of dâr "tree," cognate with E. tree, as above. Alternatively, from Av. *draxta- "firmly stood, fixed" (as in handraxta-), from drang-, dranj- "to fix, fasten, strengthen, hold," dražaite "holds," infinitive drājnhe; cf. Khotanese drys- "to hold;" Sogdian drγ- "to hold;" Parthian Mid.Pers. drxs "to endure."
Fr.: structure en arborescence
A type of → data structure in which each element is attached to one or more elements in a hierarchical manner. Trees are often called inverted trees because they are normally drawn with the root at the top.
A graphical representation that displays a hierarchical view of data.
A general tendency, course, or direction.
From M.E. trenden "to roll about, turn, revolve," from O.E. trendan, (cf. O.E. trinde "round lump, ball," O.Fris. trind, M.L.G. trint "round," M.L.G. trent "ring, boundary," Du. trent "circumference," Dan. trind "round").
Ravâl, from row present stem of raftan "to go, walk, proceed" (Mid.Pers. raftan, raw-, Proto-Iranian *rab/f- "to go; to attack") + suffix -âl, → -al.
In medieval astronomy, a spurious oscillatory motion of the equinoxes thought to have a period of 7,000 years. This concept, attributed to Thâbit ibn Qurra (c. 830-901), had a profound influence on medieval astronomy. In order to explain trepidation, Thâbit was said to have added a new sphere to the eight Ptolemaic spheres beyond the sphere of fixed stars.
From L. trepidationem "agitation, trembling," from trepidare "to tremble, hurry," from trepidus "anxious, scared;" cf. Skt. trprá- "hasty;" PIE base *trep- "to shake, tremble."
Larzeš, verbal noun of larzidan "to tremble, shiver;" Mid.Pers. larzidan "to shake, tremble;" Manichean Mid.Pers. rarz- "to shiver with fever;" Proto-Iranian *rarz- "to shake, tremble."
1) tarâraft; 2) tarâraftan
Fr.: 1) entrée non autorisée; 2) pénétrer sans autorisation
An unlawful act causing injury to the person, property, or rights of
another, committed with force or violence, actual or implied.
→ light trespass.
seguš (#), segušé; (#), sebar (#)
Fr.: inégalité triangulaire
In surveying and navigation, the process of deriving the linear distance between any two remote points by the division of a large area into adjacent triangles and using trigonometric relationships. See also → trilateration.
From M.L. triangulation-, from triangulare "to make triangles," → triangle.
Seguš-bandi, from sé, → three, + guš/gušé, → angle, + bandi verbal noun from bastan "to form, bind, tie" (Mid.Pers. bastan/vastan "to bind, shut;" Av./O.Pers. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie;" cf. Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten;" Ger. binden; E. bind; PIE base *bhendh- "to bind").
The Triangle. A small northern constellation between → Andromeda and → Aries, at 2h right ascension, 32° north declination. Its three brightest stars, of magnitudes 3.0, 3.4, and 4.0, form a small, elongated isosceles triangle. One of the constellations listed by Ptolemy. The famous → spiral galaxy → M33 lies in Triangulum. Abbreviation: Tri; genitive: Trianguli.
Fr.: Triangle austral
The Southern Triangle. A small constellation in the southern hemisphere, at 16h right ascension, 65° south declination, introduced by Johann Bayer (1603). Abbreviation: TrA; genitive: Trianguli Australe
→ traingle; Australe "southern," from auster "south wind," metaphorically extended to "south."
Triangulum galaxy (M33)
kahkešân-e sebar (#)
Fr.: galaxie du Triangle
One of the prominent members of the → Local Group situated in the constellation → Triangulum. Also know as NGC 598. M33 is a type Sc → spiral galaxy seen nearly → face-on. It lies 2.8 million → light-years away and its diameter is 52,000 light-years. M33 is thought to be a satellite of the → Andromeda Galaxy.
triatomic hydrogen molecular ion
yon-e molekuli-ye se-atomi-ye hidrožen
Fr.: ion moléculaire d'hydrogène triatomique, H3+
The hydrogen molecule composed of three atoms in which one of the atoms is ionized. The molecular ion H3+ plays a key role in the chemistry of gaseous → interstellar medium. It reacts efficiently with almost any neutral atom or molecule to initiate a network of ion-neutral reactions. It is responsible for producing molecules such as OH, CO, and H2O. The first detection of H3+ in the interstellar medium, via two closely spaced absorption lines (doublet) near 3.668 μm, were reported in two dense → molecular cloud cores along the lines of sight to the embedded → young stellar objects W33A and GL2136 (Geballe & Oka 1996). Since then H3+ has been detected in several molecular clouds. It is believed that H3+ forms via → cosmic ray → ionization of H2 producing H2+, which quickly reacts to another H2 molecule to form H3+ ( H2 + CR → H2+ and H2+ + H2→ H3+ + H + 1.7 eV).
The property of some crystals of exhibiting three different colors when viewed from three different directions under white lights. → dichroism.
From Gk. tri- "three" + chroic, from chroma "color" + -ism.
Sefâmi, from se, → three, + fâm "color," + -i noun suffix.
Fr.: nébuleuse Trifide
A large luminous → H II region in the constellation → Sagittarius. Also known as M20, NGC 6514. Conspicuous → dust lanes radiating from the center appear to divide the nebula in three → lobes. It is a combined → emission nebula and → reflection nebula, extending for nearly 30' on the sky. Its estimated distance is 4100±200 → light-years (Kuhn et al., 2018, arXiv:1807.02115).
Miq, → nebula; sepâré "split in three," from sé, → three, + pâré "piece, part, portion, fragment;" Mid.Pers. pârag "piece, part, portion; gift, offering, bribe;" Av. pāra- "debt," from par- "to remunerate, equalize; to condemn;" PIE *per- "to sell, hand over, distribute; to assigne;" cf. L. pars "part, piece, side, share," portio "share, portion;" Gk. peprotai "it has been granted;" Skt. purti- "reward;" Hitt. pars-, parsiya- "to break, crumble."
1) mâšé; 2) mâšidan
Fr.: 1) déclancheur; 2) déclancher
1a) (n.) Anything, as an act or event, that serves as a stimulus and initiates or precipitates
a reaction or series of reactions.
Earlier tricker, from Du. trekker "trigger," from trekken "to pull," from M.Du. trecken (cf. M.L.G. trecken, O.H.G. trechan "to draw").
1) Mâšé "a trigger, tongs, pincers," of unknown origin.
Fr.: circuit déclancheur
A circuit in which a specific predetermined action is initiated by an input pulse.