An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 678
display
  ۱) نمودن، نمایاندن، نمایش‌دادن؛ ۲) نمایش   
1) nemudan, nemâyândan, nemâyeš dâdan; 2) nemâyeš (#)

Fr.: 1) visualiser; 2) visualisation   

1a) To show; make visible.
1b) Of computers, to show the output data on a screen.
2a) The act of displaying.
2b) Of computers, a visual representation of information.

From O.Fr. despleier "to unfold, spread out," from L. displicare "to scatter," from → dis- "un-, apart" + plicare "to fold, twist," from PIE base *plek- "to plait, twist" (cf. Gk. plekein "to plait," L. plectere "to plait, braid, intertwine," Av. frašna- "helmet" (in ərəzatô.frašna- "having a silver helmet" (epithet of Mithra), Skt. praśna- "turban," O.H.G. flehtan "to plait," Russ. plesti "to plait").

Nemudan, nemâyândan "to show, display," from Mid.Pers. nimūdan, present stem nimây- "to show," from O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into," → ni-, + māy- "to measure," cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure," PIE base *me- "to measure;" cf. Gk. metron "measure," L. metrum.

displease
  وازوشیدن   
vâzušidan

Fr.: déplaire   

1) To incur the dissatisfaction, dislike, or disapproval of; offend; annoy.
2) To be unpleasant; cause displeasure (Dictionary.com).

dis-; → please.

displeasure
  وازوشه   
vâzušé

Fr.: mécontentement, déplaisir   

Dissatisfaction, disapproval, or annoyance.

dis-; → pleasure.

disruption
  گسیخت   
gosixt

Fr.: rupture   

Forcible division into pieces of an object. → tidal disruption.

From L. disruptio "a breaking asunder," noun of action from p.p. stem of disrumpere "break apart, split, shatter, break to pieces," from → dis- "apart" + rumpere "to break."

Gosixt, past stem of gosixtan "to tear away, to beark off."

dissect
  واسکنجیدن   
vâsekanjidan

Fr.: disséquer   

1) To cut apart (an animal body, plant, etc.) to examine the structure, relation of parts, or the like.
2) To examine minutely part by part; analyze: to dissect an idea (Dictionary.com).

L. dissectus, p.p. of dissecare "to cut to pieces," from dissecare "cut in pieces," from → dis- "apart" + secare "to cut," → section.

Vâsekanjidan, from vâ- "apart," → dis-, + sekanjidan "to cut to pices," cognate with šekastan "to break," → section.

dissection
  واسکنجش   
vâsekanješ

Fr.: dissection   

The act of dissecting.

dissect; → -tion.

dissipate
  افتالیدن   
eftâlidan

Fr.: dissiper   

1) To scatter in various directions. To spend or use wastefully.
2) To cause to lose (energy, such as heat) irreversibly. See also: → dissipation, → dissipative.

From L. dissipatus, p.p. of dissipare "to disperse, squander," from → dis- "apart" + supare "to throw, scatter."

Eftâl, eftâleš, from eftâlidan "to disperse; to tear; to break," ultimately from Proto-Ir. *abi-tard-, from *tard- "to pierce, split;" cf. Skt. tard- "to split, pierce, open;" Lith. trandéti "to be eaten by moths or worms;" PIE base *terd- "to pierce" (Cheung 2007).

dissipation
  افتال، افتالش   
eftâl, eftâleš

Fr.: dissipation   

The loss of energy over time by a → dynamical system, typically due to the action of → friction or → turbulence. The lost energy is converted into heat, raising the temperature of the system. See also: → Ohmic dissipation. → viscous dissipation.

Noun form of → dissipate.

dissipative
  افتالی   
eftâli

Fr.: dissipatif   

Relating to → dissipation.

dissipate; → -ive.

dissipative system
  راژمان ِ افتالی   
râžmân-e eftâli

Fr.: système dissipatif   

A → dynamical system which undergoes energy → dissipation. Such a system gives rise to → irreversible processes, associated with a time-asymmetric evolution of observable quantities.

dissipative; → system.

dissociate
  واهزیدن   
vâhazidan

Fr.: dissocier   

General: To separate from association of any kind.

Verbal form of → dissociation.

dissociation
  واهزش   
vâhazeš

Fr.: dissociation   

General: An act or instance of dissociating; the state of being dissociated.
Chemistry: Separation of a molecule into two or more fragments (atoms, ions, radicals) by the absorption of electromagnetic radiation or the action of collisional phenomena.

From → dis- + (as)sociation, → association.

dissociation energy
  کاروژ ِ واهزش   
kâruž-e vâhazeš

Fr.: énergie de dissociation   

Energy required to dissociate a molecule. → dissociate.

dissociation; → energy.

dissociative
  واهزشی   
vâhazeši

Fr.: dissociatif   

Of, relating to, or tending to produce → dissociation.

Adj. of → dissociate.

dissociative recombination
  بازمیازش ِ واهزشی   
bâzmiyâzeš-e vâhazeši

Fr.: recombinaison dissociative   

A process where a positive molecular ion recombines with an electron, and as a result it dissociates into two neutral products. For example, AB+ + e-→ A + B, where e- is an electron, AB+ is a diatomic or polyatomic molecular ion, and A and B are the neutral fragmentation products. Dissociative recombination is the dominant recombination process in planetary ionospheres and interstellar clouds.

dissociative; → recombination.

dissolution
  والویش   
vâluyeš

Fr.: dissolution   

Chemistry: The process by which a solid, gas, or liquid is dispersed homogeneously in a gas, solid, or a liquid.

Verbal noun of → dissolve.

dissolve
  والوییدن   
vâluyidan

Fr.: dissoudre   

To make a solution of, as by mixing with a liquid; pass into solution.

From L. dissolvere "to loosen up, break apart," from → dis- "apart" + solvere "to loose, loosen, untie," from PIE *se-lu-, from reflexive pronoun *swe- + base *leu- "to loosen, divide, cut apart" (cf. Gk. lyein "to loosen, release, untie," Skt. lunati "cuts, cuts off," lavitram "sickle," O.E. leosan "to lose," leas "loose."

Vâluyidan, infinitive from stem vâlu(y)-, from vâ-de- + lu, variant of Mod.Pers. las "loose," "slit, cut," luš "torn," lok "torn, piece," lâc "open, wide open" (→ analysis), from PIE *leu- "to loosen, divide, cut apart."

dissymmetry
  ناهمامونی   
nâhmâmuni

Fr.: dissymétrie   

Absence or lack of symmetry

From → dis- + → symmetry.

Nâhmâmuni, from nâ- "non, un-," → a- + hmâmunisymmetry.

distal ejecta
  اشاناک ِ دور   
ešânâk-e dur

Fr.: éjecta distaux   

Geology: Impact ejecta found at distances more than 5 crater radii from the rim of the source crater.

Distal, from dist(ant), → distance + → -al; → ejecta.

Ešânâk, → ejecta; dur, → distance.

distance
  اپست، دورا، دوری   
apest, durâ (#), duri (#)

Fr.: distance   

1) The → separation/→ length in → space/→ time between two → things/→ events.
2) The state of being apart in space or time.
3) In cosmology three different distance definitions are used: → angular diameter distance, → proper motion distance, and → luminosity distance. In a → flat Universe these three approaches give the same result. However, in the → Robertson-Walker metric they give three different but related values. In particular, angular diameter distance has a maximum value; therefore an object that lies further away than a closer object can appear larger.
See also:
angular size distance, → apparent distance, → comoving distance, → cosmic distance scale, → cosmological distance, → distance function, → distance modulus, → distance to the horizon, → focal distance, → Hubble distance, → perihelion distance, → polar distance, → redshift-distance relation, → velocity-distance relation, → zenith distance.

M.E., from O.Fr. destance, from L. distantia "a standing apart," from distantem (nominative distans) "standing apart, separate, distant," pr.p. of distare "to stand apart," from → dis- "apart, off" + stare "to stand," (cf. Mod.Pers. istâdan "to stand," O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still").

Apest, literally "standing apart," from apa- prefix denoting "separation, away, off," → dis-, + est variant of ist, present stem of istâdan, to stand," as above;" cf. Choresmian bst "to stand apart," from *apa- + st- "to stand," → stand.
Durâ, duri, noun from dur "far, distant, remote," Mid.Pers. dur, O.Pers. dūra- "far (in time or space)," Av. dūra-, from dav- "to move away," cf. Skt. dūrá- "distant, far."

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