1) Physics: A device that divides a beam of light into a number of
beams and re-unites them to produce → interference.
→ Fabry-Perot interferometer;
→ Michelson interferometer.
Of or relating to → interferometry.
ârast-e andarzanešsanji, ~ andarzanešsanjik
Fr.: réseau interférométrique
A system of several telescopes coupled together in a particular configuration to carry out → interferometry.
tašnik-e andarzanešsanji, ~ andarzanešsanjik
Fr.: technique interférométrique
An observational technique based on principles of → interferometry.
1) The technique and study of the → interference
phenomenon produced by → coherent
Fr.: absorption intergalactique
Fr.: nuage intergalactique
→ Intergalactic matter in the form of clouds.
Fr.: matière intergalactique
Very low density material found indirectly in the space between galaxies. → intergalactic absorption.
Fr.: milieu intergalactique
The matter or environment between the galaxies of a → cluster.
1a) An intervening time; interval; meantime.
L. interim (adv.) "in the meantime, meanwhile," originally "in the midst of that," from → inter- "between" + im, an old accusative of "is, he, this, that."
Andarim, from andar-, → inter-, + im variant em "this;" Mid.Pers. im "this;" from Old.Pers./Av. ima "this;" Skt. ima; cf. Lori (Laki) im "this side." The Mid.Pers. im occurs in Mod.Pers. as em- in emruz "today," emšab "tonight," and emsâl "this year."
The internal or inner part. → differentiated interior.
From L. interior "inner," comparative adj. of inter "within."
Daruné, from darun "in, into; within" (Mid.Pers. andarôn "inside," from andar, → inter-, + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river") + -é nuance suffix.
myiâni (#), andarmiyâni (#), miyânji (#)
1) (Adj.) Being or acting at the middle place or stage, or between extremes.
Intermediate, from M.L. intermediatus "lying between," from L. intermedius "that which is between," from → inter- "between" + medius "located in the middle;" PIE root *medhyo- "middle;" cf. Pers. miyân, as below; Av. maidiia-, Skt. mádhya-; Gk. medos, messos "middle;"
Miyâni, adj. of miyân "within, between, center," from
Mid.Pers. mayân "middle; among, between," Av. maidiia- "middle, the middle,"
maiδiiāna- "middle, center;" cf. Skt. mádhya-
"middle, located in the middle;" G.H.G. mitti "located in the middle."
Fr.: boson intermédiaire
A hypothetical → elementary particle that mediates the → weak interaction, carrying its effect from one particle to another as the photon does for electromagnetic interactions. First introduced in 1961 by Sheldon Glashow.
Fr.: fréquence intermédiare
forusorx-e miyâni (#)
Fr.: infrarouge moyen
intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH)
siyah câl-e miyân jerm
Fr.: trou noir de masse intermédiaire
A → black hole with a mass in the range 102-104 solar masses. IMBHs may form as the result of multiple → mergers of smaller objects in the centers of dense stellar clusters in the present universe, assuming → mass loss from → stellar winds is not significant. They may also arise from the evolution of → very massive stars early in the history of the Universe, forming black hole "seeds" in the centers of massive halos (the precursors of the galaxies we see today) early in the history of the Universe, to redshifts z > 10. Currently the best observational evidence for IMBHs comes from models of ultraluminous X-ray sources (See, e.g., J. M. Centrella et al. 2010, astro-ph/1010.5260).
Fr.: protoétoile de masse intermédiare
A protostar that evolves into an → intermediate-mass star.
Fr.: étoile de masse intermédiare
A star whose mass lies in the range about 2 to 8 → solar masses approximately.
A property of a turbulent dynamical system which is characterized by chaotic, irregular behavior occurring between quiet (or less irregular) periods. In other words, a → turbulent flow having a large → Reynolds number undergoes a phenomenon in which its turbulent activity at a fixed location stops from time to time and starts again. In fact → turbulence never completely disappears, but it can become extremely weak interrupted irregularly by bursts of strong turbulence (see also → developed turbulence). For intermittent flows → probability density functions are not → Gaussian. Turbulent intermittency plays a fundamental role in fields ranging from combustion physics, chemical engineering, meteorology, to astrophysical systems, more specifically the → interstellar medium.
From L. intermittent, pr.p. of intermittere "to leave a space between, drop (for a while), leave off," from → inter- + mittere "to send, let go."
Raftomând, literally "to go and to stop," from raft past stem of raftan "to go, walk, proceed" (present stem row-); Mid.Pers. raftan, raw-, Proto-Iranian *rab/f- "to go; to attack") + -o- euphonic infix + mând past stem of mândan "to remain, stay, relinquish, leave" (Mid.Pers. mândan "to remain, stay," mân "house, home;" O.Pers. mān- "to remain, dwell;" Av. man- "to remain, dwell; to wait;" cf. Gk. menein "to remain;" L. manere "to stay, remain, abide," mansio "a staying, a remaining, night quarters, station" (Fr. maison, ménage; E. manor, mansion, permanent; PIE *men- "to remain, wait for").