An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < -ic ice ide ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh inp ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Iza > >>

Number of Results: 621

Fr.: interopérabilité   

The ability of different types of computers, networks, operating systems, and software applications to work together by exchanging and sharing information in a standardized, accurate, and effective manner.

inter-; → operability.

interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICME)
  اشانش ِ اندرسیاره‌ای ِ جرم از تاج   
ešâneš-e andarsayyâreyi-ye jerm az tâj

Fr.: éjection de masse coronale interplanétaire   

An → interplanetary manifestation of a → coronal mass ejection.

interplanetary; → coronal; → mass; → ejection.

interplanetary dust
  غبار ِ اندرسیاره‌ای   
qobâr-e andarsayyâreyi

Fr.: poussière interplanétaire   

Particles of dust in the → interplanetary medium. They are left-overs from the beginning of the solar system or from other sources such as sublimating comets. Their existence was first deduced from observations of → zodiacal light.

interplanetary; → dust.

interplanetary gas
  گاز ِ اندرسیاره‌ای   
gâz-e andarsayyâreyi

Fr.: gaz interplanétaire   

Electrically charged particles of the solar wind and gas liberated from comets within the solar system.

interplanetary; → gas.

interplanetary magnetic field
  میدان ِ مغناتیسی ِ اندرسیاره‌ای   
meydân-e meqnâtisi-ye andarsayyârei

Fr.: champ magnétique interstellaire   

The magnetic field that is carried along with the solar wind and fills the solar system space. It is wound into a spiral structure by the rotation of the Sun. At the Earth's distance from the Sun, it has a strength of about 5 x 10-5 gauss.

interplanetary; → magnetic; → field.

interplanetary matter
  مادّه‌ی ِ اندرسیاره‌ای   
mâdde-ye andarsayyâreyi

Fr.: matière interplanétaire   

Material existing in the space between solar system planets. It includes interplanetary gas and dust.

interplanetary; → matter.

interplanetary medium
  مدیم ِ اندرسیاره‌ای   
madim-e andarsayâre-yi

Fr.: milieu interplanétaire   

The material contained in the → solar system in the space through which the planets travel. It consists of the smaller objects such as → asteroids, → comets, → meteorites and also a general pervading → interplanetary dust. Moreover a → plasma of charged particles streaming outward from the Sun in the form of the → solar wind contributes to the interplanetary medium.

interplanetary; → medium.

interplanetary space
  فضای ِ اندرسیاره‌ای   
fazâ-ye anadrsayyâre-yi

Fr.: espace interplanétaire   

Same as → interplanetary medium.

interplanetary; → space.


Fr.: interpolation   

In a series of numerical values, the operation performed to find a number or value which is not present but which can be derived approximately from those that are present.

Verbal noun of interpolate, from L. interpolatus, p.p. of interpolare "to make new, refurbish, alter," from → inter- + polare, related to polire "to smoothe, polish."

Andaryâbeš, from andar-, → inter-, + yâbeš "finding," verbal noun of yâftan, yâbidan "to find, discover; to obtain, acquire;" Mid.Pers. ayâftan, ayâpênitan "to reach, attain;" Manichean Mid.Pers. 'y'b "to attain;" Parthian, Sogdian (+ *pati-) pty'b "to reach, obtain;" Av. ap- "to reach, overtake," apayeiti "achieved, reached;" Skt. âp- "to reach, gain," âpnoti "reaches, gains;" Gk. hapto, haptomai "to touch, cling to, adhere to;" L. apiscor "touch, reach;" PIE base *ap- "to take, reach."

  آزندیدن، آزند کردن   
âzandidan, âzand kardan

Fr.: interpréter   

1) To give or provide the meaning of. To ascribe a particular meaning or significance to something. To try to make understandable something that is dense, complicated, or ambiguous. Related concept: → explain.
2) Physics: To relate a mathematical → formalism to physical → observables. → interpretation.

From M.E. interpreten, from L. interpretari "explain, expound, understand," from interpres "agent, translator," from → inter- + pres of uncertain origin.

Âzand, from â- nuance/intensive prefix + Mid.Pers. zand "interpretation, commentary; knowledge" (zandik "gnostic; heretic"); Av. zan- "to know, recognize;" O.Pers. dan- "to know" (Mid./Mod.Pers. dân-, dânestan "to know"); variant O.Pers./Av. xšnā- "to know, learn, come to know, recognize" (Mid./Mod.Pers. šenâxtan, šenâs- "to recognize, to know" ); cf. Skt. jñā- "to recognize, know," jānāti "he knows;" Gk. gignoskein "to know, think, judge," cognate with L. gnoscere, noscere "to come to know" (Fr. connaître; Sp. conocer); O.E. cnawan, E. know; Rus. znat "to know;" PIE base *gno- "to know" + -idan infinitive suffix; kardan verb of compound infinitives, → -ize.

  آزند، آزندش   
âznad, âzandeš

Fr.: interprétation   

1) The act of interpreting; elucidation; explication.
2) Physics: Providing relations between the mathematical symbols of a → formalism and physical → observables. → Copenhagen Interpretation.

Verbal noun of → interpret.

  اندربریدن، اندرسکنجیدن   
andarboridan, andarsekanjidan

Fr.: couper, croiser; intersecter   

To cut or divide by passing through or across: a comet intersecting Earth's orbit.
Geometry: Of lines, to meet and cross at a point.

From L. intersectus, p.p. of intersecarer, from → inter- + secare "to cut."

Andarboridan, from andar-, → inter-, + boridan "to cut," from Mid.Pers. britan, brinitan "to cut off;" Av. brāy-, present tense brin-, only with suffix pairi-, "to cut off;" cf. Skt. bhri- "to hurt, injure," bhrinanti "they hurt."
Andarsekanjidan, from andar-, → inter-, + sekanjidan [Dehxodâ] "to cut, scrape, pare;" Mid.Pers. škastan, škenn- "to break," Mod.Pers. šekastan "to beak, split," present stem šekan-; Av. scind-, scand "to beak, cleave;" Proto-Iranian *skand- "to beak, cleave;" PIE sken- "to cut off."

  اندربرش، اندرسکنج   
andarboreš, andarsekanj

Fr.: intersection   

The act, process, or result of intersecting.
Math.: A set of elements common to sets A and B, denoted by A ∩ B. → section.

Verbal noun of → intersect.


Fr.: interstellaire   

Referring to the medium or objects lying in the space between stars in our Galaxy or outer galaxies.

inter- + → stellar.

interstellar absorption
  درشم ِ اندر-اختری   
daršam-e andaraxtari

Fr.: absorption interstellaire   

The absorption of light from stars and other objects by intervening gas and dust in interstellar space.

interstellar; → absorption.

interstellar bubble
  تنگل ِ اندر-اختری، حباب ِ ~   
tangol-e andaraxtari, hobâb-e ~

Fr.: bulle interstellaire   

A huge structure of ionized gas blown into the interstellar medium by the winds of supernovae and massive stars. → Local Bubble.

interstellar; → bubble.

interstellar cloud
  ابر ِ اندر‌اختری   
abr-e andaraxtari

Fr.: nuage interstellaire   

An aggregation of gas and dust in the → interstellar medium containing large quantities of atoms, molecules, and dust. There are several types of interstellar clouds, such as → diffuse interstellar clouds, → dark clouds, → molecular clouds.

diffuse; → cloud.

interstellar dust
  غبار ِ اندر-اختری   
qobâr-e andaraxtari

Fr.: poussière interstellaire   

An aggregation of → dust grains in the space between stars. Interstellar dust absorbs, scatters, and polarizes the light from distant stars, causing the → interstellar extinction. Large dark regions in the plane of the Milky Way and other galaxies are caused by → intervening clouds of dust. The conclusive proof for the presence of a general and selective interstellar absorption is due to R. J. Trumpler (1930). See also → reddening; → very small grain; → big grain; → PAH.

interstellar; → dust.

interstellar dust grain
  دانه‌ی ِ غبار ِ اندر‌اختری   
dâne-ye qobâr-e andaraxtari

Fr.: grain de poussière interstellaire   

dust grain.

interstellar; → dust; → grain.

interstellar extinction
  خاموشی ِ اندر-اختری   
xâmuši-ye andaraxtari

Fr.: extinction interstellaire   

The dimming of light traveling in the interstellar space due to the combined effects of absorption and scattering by interstellar dust particles. Interstellar extinction increases at shorter (bluer) wavelengths, resulting in → interstellar reddening.

interstellar; → extinction.

<< < -ic ice ide ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh inp ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Iza > >>