An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 621
intercalary
  اندرهلی   
andarheli

Fr.: intercalaire   

Adj. of → intercalation; having such a day or month inserted. → bissextile.

From L. intercalarius, from ntercal(are)intercalate + -arius "-ary."

Andarheli adj. of andarhel, → intercalate.

intercalate
  اندرهلیدن، اندرهشتن   
andarhelidan, andarheštan

Fr.: intercaler   

To insert (an extra day, month, etc.) in the calendar to make it follow the seasons or moon phases.

From L. intercalatus p.p. of intercalare "to proclaim the insertion of an intercalary day or month," from → inter- + calare "to proclaim, announce solemnly;" → calendar.

Andarhelidan, andarheštan "to insert," from andar-inter- + helidan, heštan "to place, put" from Mid.Pers. hištan, hilidan "to let, set, leave, abandon," Parthian Mid.Pers. hyrz; O.Pers. hard- "to send forth," ava.hard- "to abandon;" Av. harəz- "to discharge, send out; to filter;" hərəzaiti "releases, shoots;" cf. Skt. srj- "to let go or fly, throw, cast, emit, put forth;" Pali sajati "to let loose, send forth."

intercalation
  اندرهل   
andarhel

Fr.: intercalation   

The act of intercalating; insertion. Something that is intercalated.
Astro.: An insertion into a calendar, → intercalate.
Geology: The presence of a body of rock interbedded with another body of different rock.

The verbal noun of → intercalate.

intercloud medium
  مدیم ِ اندر-ابری   
madim-e andarabri

Fr.: milieu internuage   

A medium in which several molecular clouds are situated.

inter- + → cloud + → medium.

interclump medium
  مدیم ِ اندرگوده‌ای   
madim-e andargude-yi

Fr.: milieu inter-grumeau   

The diffuse medium between → clumps inside → molecular clouds.

inter- + → clump + → medium.

intercluster medium
  مدیم ِ اندرخوشه‌ای   
madim-e andarxuše-yi

Fr.: milieu interamas   

The matter lying between the clusters of galaxies in an aggregation of such clusters.

inter- + → cluster + → medium.

interconnect
  اندر-هابندیدن   
andar-hâbandidan

Fr.: interconnecter, s'interconnecter   

To be or become connected reciprocally.

inter- + → connect.

interconnection
  اندر-هابند، اندر-هابندش   
andar-hâband, andar-hâbandeš

Fr.: interconnexion   

Reciprocal connection between two or several things.

andar-; → connection.

interconnection line
  خط ِ اندر-هابندی   
xatt-e andar-hâbandi

Fr.: raie semi-interdite   

In spectroscopy, same as → semi-forbidden line.

interconnection; → line.

interdisciplinary
  اندر-هاوشانی، اندر-هاوشان‌مندی   
andar-hâvešâni, andar-hâvešânmand

Fr.: interdisciplinaire   

Of an approach or study that integrates content, data, methods, tools, concepts, and theories from two or more disciplines or bodies of specialized knowledge in order to advance fundamental understanding, answer complex questions, and solve problems that are too broad or complex for a simple approach. See also → multidisciplinary and → transdisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).

inter-; → disciplinary.

interest
  ۱) اندَرَست؛ ۲) اندَرَستیدن   
1) andarast; 2) andarastidan

Fr.: 1) intérêt; 2) intéresser   

1a) The sense of curiosity about or concern with something or someone.
1b) Something in which one is interested.
1c) A right, share, or claim in a business or property.
2) To engage or excite the attention or curiosity of.

M.E., from M.L. from L. interest "it concerns," from M.L. interesse "compensation for loss," noun use of L. interesse "to concern, make a difference, be of importance," literally "to be between," from → inter- "between" + esse "to be," → entity.

Andarast, coined (Adib-Soltani) on the model of the L. word, as above, from andar "between," → inter-, + ast variant hast "is, exists," → entity.

interested
  اندَرَستیده، اندَرَستمند   
andarastidé, andarastmand

Fr.: intéressé   

Having an interest in something; having the attention engaged; being affected or involved.

P.p. of → interest.

interesting
  اندَرَستان   
andarastân

Fr.: intéressant   

Inspiring interest, holding the attention.

Adj. from → interest.

interface
  اندردیم   
andardim

Fr.: interface   

1) General: A surface regarded as the common boundary of two bodies, or two parts of a system, whether material or non-material.
2) Astro.: The intersection zone between a hot → H II region and its → associated molecular cloud.
3) Chemistry: The area where two immiscible phases of a dispersion come into contact.
4) Computers: A mechanical equipment or logical program that communicates information from one system of computing devices or programs to another.

inter- + → face.

interfere
  اندرزدن   
andarzadan

Fr.: interférer   

Physics: To cause → interference.

Interfere, from M.Fr. entreferer "to strike each other," from entre, → inter-, + ferir "to strike," from L. ferire "to knock, strike."

Andarzadan, from andar, → inter-, + zadan "to strike, beat," from Mid.Pers. zatan, žatan; O.Pers./Av. jan-, gan- "to strike, hit, smite, kill" (jantar- "smiter"); cf. Skt. han- "to strike, beat" (hantar- "smiter, killer"); Gk. theinein "to strike;" L. fendere "to strike, push;" Gmc. *gundjo "war, battle;" PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill."

interference
  اندرزنش   
andarzaneš

Fr.: interférence   

The phenomenon occurring when two or more waves of the same → frequency having a constant → phase difference traverse simultaneously in the same region of a medium and cross each other. In the region of superposition, the the resulting wave intensity is different from the sum of intensities due to individual waves at that point. This phenomenon proved the validity of the wave theory of light. See also → constructive interference, → destructive interference, → interference fringe, → Young's experiment, → wave theory of light.

Interference, from → interfere + -ence a noun suffix equivalent to -ance, corresponding to the suffix -ent in adjectives.

Andarzaneš, verbal noun of andarzadan, → interfere.

interference filter
  پالایه‌ی ِ اندرزنشی   
pâlâye-ye andarzaneši

Fr.: filtre interférentiel   

A filter that uses the phenomenon of optical interferences between plane-parallel semi-transparent reflectors to transmit light selectively over a narrow wavelength band.

interference; → filter.

interference fringe
  فریز ِ اندرزنشی   
fariz-e andarzaneši

Fr.: franges d'interférence   

One of the alternating bright or dark bands produced by optical interference.

interference; → fringe.

interference order
  رایه‌ی ِ اندرزنش   
râye-ye andarzaneš

Fr.: ordre d'interférence   

order of interference.

interference; → order.

interference pattern
  الگوی ِ اندرزنش   
olgu-ye andarzaneš

Fr.: figure d'interférence   

A wave pattern that results when two or more waves interfere with each other, generally showing → interference fringes. In acoustics, the interference pattern appear as the effect of → beats.

interference; → pattern.

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