An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < -ic ice ide ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion Iri irr iso iso ite > >>

Number of Results: 624

Fr.: intellecte   

1) The → power or faculty of the → mind by which one knows or → understands, as distinguished from that by which one feels and that by which one wills; the understanding; the faculty of thinking and acquiring → knowledge.
2) Capacity for thinking and acquiring knowledge, especially of a high or complex order; mental capacity.
3) A particular mind or → intelligence, especially of a high order.
4) A person possessing a great capacity for → thought and knowledge.
5) Minds collectively, as of a number of persons or the persons themselves (

M.E., from O.Fr. intellecte "intellectual capacity," from L. intellectus "discernment, understanding," from intelligere "to understand, discern," from → inter- "between" + legere "to choose, pick out, read."

From hôš, huš "intellect, understanding; mind;" Mid.Pers. hôš; Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind;" + suffix -an.

  ۱) هشَنی، هشَنوار، ۲) اندیشکار، اندیشه‌کار   
1) hošani, hošanvâr; 2) andiškâr, andišekâr

Fr.: intellectuel   

1a) Appealing to or engaging the → intellect.
1b) Of or pertaining to the intellect or its use.
1c) Possessing or showing intellect or mental capacity, especially to a high degree: an intellectual person.
1d) Guided or developed by or relying on the intellect rather than upon emotions or feelings; rational.
1e) Characterized by or suggesting a predominance of intellect.
1f) (n.) A person of superior intellect.
1g) A person who places a high value on or pursues things of interest to the intellect or the more complex forms and fields of knowledge, as aesthetic or philosophical matters, especially on an abstract and general level.
1h) An extremely rational person; a person who relies on intellect rather than on emotions or feelings.
2) A person professionally engaged in mental labor, as a writer or teacher (

From L. intellectualis, → intellect + → -al.

Hošanvâr with suffix -vâr denoting suiting, befitting, resembling, in the manner of, possession (as in omidvâr, ayâlvâr, râhvâr).

huš (#)

Fr.: intelligence   

A property of the mind that encompasses many related abilities, such as capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity.
Machines: The ability of a device, program, or system to solve problems more automatically or more skillfully than competitive systems.

From O.Fr. intelligence, from L. intelligentia "understanding," from intelligentem (nom. intelligens) "discerning," pr.p. of intelligere "to understand, comprehend," from → inter- "between" + legere "choose, pick out, read;" PIE base *leg- "to pick together, gather, collect;" cf. Gk. legein "to say, tell, speak, declare," originally, in Homer "to pick out, select, collect, enumerate;" lexis "speech, diction;" logos "word, speech, thought."

Huš, from Mid.Pers. hôš "intellect, understanding; mind," from Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind."

hušmand (#)

Fr.: intelligent   

1) Possessing intelligence; having the faculty of → understanding and → reasoning.
2) Computer science: Having → memory and → processor to modify action in response to ongoing events.

Back formation from → intelligence.


Fr.: intense   

Existing or occurring in a high or extreme degree. See also → tense.

From M.Fr. intense, from L. intensus "stretched, strained, tight," originally p.p. of intendere "to stretch out, strain," from in- "toward" + tendere "to stretch;" from PIE base *ten- "to stretch;" cf. Pers. tanidan "to spin, twist, weave," as below.

âtanu, from â- affirmative prefix + tanu "stretched, strained," from tan + -u suffix of excess. The middle element tan, from tanidan "to spin, twist, weave" (Mid.Pers. tanitan; Av. tan- to stretch, extend;" cf. Skt. tan- to spin, stretch;" tanoti "stretches," tantram "loom;" Gk. teinein "to stretch, pull tight;" L. tendere "to stretch;" PIE base *ten- "to stretch"), Pers. târ "string," tân "thread," tur "fishing net, net, snare," and tâl "thread" (Borujerdi dialect) belong to this family; variants tanta "cobweb," tanadu, tafen, kartané, kârtané, kâtené, Pashtu tanistah "cobweb;" cf. Skt. tantu- "cobweb, thread, string").


Fr.: intensification   

The action of making or becoming stronger or more extreme.

verbal noun of → intensify.


Fr.: intensificateur   

1) Something that intensifies.
2) Substance used to increase the density or contrast of an image on a photographic film or plate.

Agent noun of → intensify.


Fr.: intensifier   

To make intense or more intense.
To increase the density and contrast of a photographic image by chemical treatment.

From → intense + -ify variant of -fy after a consonant, from O.Fr. fier, from L. -ficare "to do, make."


Fr.: intensité   

General: The quality or condition of being intense.
Physics: Strength, as of energy or a force per unit of area, solid angle, time, etc.; e.g. → electric intensity; → magnetic intensity.

From → intense + → -ity.

Dartanuyi state, condition noun of dartanu, → intense.

intensity of a line
  درتنویی ِ خط   
dartanuyi-ye xatt

Fr.: intensité de raie   

The height of a spectral line above the continuum base.

intensity; → line.

intensity of radiation
  درتنویی ِ تابش   
datanuyi-e tâbeš

Fr.: intensité de rayonnement   

The rate of emitted energy from unit surface area through unit solid angle. The radiation from a surface has different intensities in different directions.

intensity; → radiation.


Fr.: intensif   

1) Of, pertaining to, or characterized by intensity.
2) Tending to intensify; intensifying.
3) Requiring or having a high concentration of a specified quality or element (used in combination).
4) Grammar: Indicating increased emphasis or force. "Certainly" is an intensive adverb. "Myself," in I did it myself, is an intensive pronoun (

intense; → -ive.

intensive prefix
  پیشوند ِ درتنویی‌مند   
pišvand-e dartanuyimand

Fr.: préfixe intensif   

A prefix that highly emphasizes roots of words to which it is attached. In other words, intensive prefixes heighten the force of the primary meanings of words. These prefixes can effectively be translated as "thoroughly" to highlight their intensive function. For example the prefixes → re-, → de-, and → com-.

intensive; → prefix.

andar- (#)

Fr.: inter-   

A prefix denoting "between, among, mutually, reciprocally."

Inter-, from L. inter (prep., adj.) "among, between," from PIE *enter "between, among" (cf. Pers. andar-, as below; Skt. antár; Gk. entera (pl.) "intestines," O.Ir. eter; O.Welsh ithr "among, between;" O.H.G. untar; O.E. under "under"), from *en- "in" + *-ter comparative suffix.

Mod.Pers. andar "in, into, within" (added to the words pedar "father," mâdar "mother," barâdar "brother," xâhar "sister," it implies "step-father, step-mother, half-brother, half-sister" respectively), from Mid.Pers. andar "in, among, concerning;" O.Pers. anatr, Av. antarə' (adv., prep., prev.), antarə (adv., prev.), "inside, intra, within, between;" also Av. antara- (adj.) "interior;" cf. Skt. ántara- "interior, adjacent to; intimate, dear;" from PIE *enter, as above.
The Av. antarə' is used with verbal stems to create abstract actions. For example, antarə'-mruyē "to prohibit," from antare- "inter-" + mruyē "to speak," from root mrū- "to speak, say." This is exactly the same pattern as L. inter-dicere "to interdict, forbid, prohibit," from inter-, as above, + dicere "to speak." The Av. antare- is used with another verb to produce the same sense: antarə-uxti "to interdict," from antarə- + uxti "to speak, to say." E. Benveniste (1975) made an interesting investigation on the origin of the "to speak inside" paradigm for the concept of interdiction. He argues that inter- derives in fact from *en-ter, the second component, while being a comparative form, introduces the notion of separation. His conclusion is that antarə-mruyē or inter-dicere mean "to pronounce inside (a group) so as to separate (or isolate somebody)." According to Benveniste, the Av. terms are the oldest forms in the Indo-European languages which convey an important piece of information about an aspect of Indo-European life/tradition in pre-historic times.


Fr.: interagir   

To act upon one another; have a mutual or reciprocal action.

Interact, from → inter- + → act.

interacting binary
  دورین ِ اندرژیرنده   
dorin-e andaržirandé

Fr.: binaire en interaction   

A binary star system in which mass transfer between the components takes place. → contact binary; → Roche lobe.

Interacting, adj. of → interact; → binary.

interacting galaxies
  کهکشان‌های ِ اندرژیرنده   
kahkešânhâ-ye andaržandé

Fr.: galaxies en interaction   

Galaxies that are close enough for their mutual gravitational attraction to produce perturbed shapes or extruded filaments of stellar material, called → tidal tails. Most galaxies are in clusters, and gravitational interactions between them are common.

Interacting, adj. of → interact; → galaxy.


Fr.: interaction   

General: Mutual or reciprocal action or influence.
Physics: 1) What happens between a system and its surroundings when an observable change in one corresponds to or correlates with an observable change in the other.
2) The natural phenomenon of the transfer of energy between two particles. The four known kinds of interactions, in the order of increasing strength, are: → gravitational, → weak, → electromagnetic, and → strong.

Interaction, from → inter-; + → action.



Capable of acting on or influencing each other

From → interaction; + → -al.


Fr.: interactif   

1) Acting one upon or with the other.
2) Computers: Of or pertaining to a system or program that maintains an exchange with the user, alternately accepting input and then responding.

inter-; → active.

<< < -ic ice ide ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion Iri irr iso iso ite > >>