An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 1042
perpetual motion
  جنبش ِ همیشگی   
jonbeš-e hamišegi

Fr.: mouvement perpétuel   

The motion of a hypothetical machine which, once set in motion, will go on for ever without any losses due to → friction or other forms of → dissipation of energy and without receiving any external energy.

perpetual; → motion.

Perseids
  پرسءوسیان   
Perseusiyân

Fr.: Perséides   

A → meteor shower, one of the three most active of the year, which occurs between July 25 and August 20 with the greatest activity between August 8 and 14, peaking about August 12. The Perseids appear as the Earth's orbit around the → Sun crosses the dusty tail of the comet → Swift-Tuttle, as first explained by Giovanni Schiaparelli (1835-1910), an Italian astronomer. Usually about 50 meteors can be seen per hour, but in outburst years (such as in 2016) the rate can be between 150-200 meteors an hour.

Perseus + -ids.

Perseus
  پرسءوس   
Perseus (#)

Fr.: Persée   

The Hero. A rich constellation in the northern hemisphere between → Auriga and → Cassiopeia, at 3h 20m right ascension, 45° north declination. Beta (β) Persei, or → Algol, is a famous → eclipsing binary star. Abbreviation: Per; genitive: Persei.

The most celebrated of the Greek heroes, the son of Zeus and Danae, who slew the Gorgon Medusa, and afterward saved Andromeda from a sea monster.

Perseus, from Gk., as above, instead of the Arabicized form Barsâvuš (برساووش).

Perseus A
  پرسءوس A   
Persus A

Fr.: Perseus A   

A → radio source in the constellation → Perseus, identified with the supergiant elliptical galaxy → NGC 1275.

Persus.

Perseus Arm
  بازوی ِ پرسءوس   
bâzu-ye Perseus

Fr.: Bras de Persée   

One of the spiral arms of the Galaxy. It is about 5000 light-years farther from the center than the local Orion Arm, in which the Sun lies.

Persus; → arm.

Perseus Cluster
  خوشه‌ی ِ پرسءوس   
xuše-ye Perseus

Fr.: amas de Persée   

A → galaxy cluster of about 12,000 members about 250 million → light-years (→ redshift z = 0.0176) away, covering 4° of sky in the constellation → Perseus. It is dominated by elliptical galaxies. At its center lies the → radio sourcePerseus A. Also known as Abell 426 (→ Abell catalog).

Perseus; → cluster.

Perseus-Pisces supercluster
  ابرخوشه‌ی ِ پرسءوس-ماهی   
abarxuše-ye Perseus-Mâhi

Fr.: superamas de Persée-Poissons   

A long, dense chain of galaxies with a length of almost 300 million → light-years, constituting one of the largest known structures in the → Universe. At the left end of the supercluster lies the massive → Perseus cluster (A426), one of the most massive clusters of galaxies within 500 million light-years.

Perseus; → Pisces; → cluster.

Persian calendar
  گاهشمار ِ ایرانی   
gâhšomâr-e Irâni (#)

Fr.: calendrier persan   

Same as → Iranian calendar.

Persian, adj. of Persia, from O.Pers. Pārsa.

Irâni adj. of Irân, from Mid.Pers. Êrân "(land of) the Aryans," pluriel of êr "noble, hero," êrîh "nobility, good conduct;" Parthian Mid.Pers. aryân; O.Pers. ariya- "Aryan;" Av. airya- "Aryan;" cf. Skt. ārya- "noble, honorable, respectable."

persist
  پریستادن   
paristâdan

Fr.: persister   

1) To continue steadfastly or firmly in some state, purpose, course of action, or the like, especially in spite of opposition, remonstrance, etc.
2) To last or endure tenaciously (Dictionary.com).

M.Fr. persister, from L. persistere "abide, continue steadfastly," from → per- "thoroughly" + sistere "come to stand, cause to stand still," → resist.

Paristâdan from par-, → per-, + istâdan "to stand," → resist.

persistence
  پریست   
parist

Fr.: persistance   

The act or fact of persisting; the quality of being persistent.

Verbal noun from → persist.

persistent
  پریستنده   
paristandé

Fr.: persistant   

Persisting, especially in spite of opposition, obstacles, discouragement, etc.; persevering (Dictionary.com).

Adjective from → persist.

person
  تنوم   
tanum

Fr.: personne   

1) A human being, whether man, woman, or child as distinguished from an animal or a thing.
2) Philosophy: A self-conscious or rational being.
3) Grammar: Any one of three forms of verbs and pronouns used to denote the speaker, the person addressed, or somebody else being referred to.
4) Law: A living human being or a group, either or both having legal rights and responsibilities.
See also:
personal, → personal equation, → personality.

M.E. persone, from O.Fr. persone "human being," from L. persona "human being," originally "character in a drama, mask," possibly borrowed from Etruscan phersu "mask," from Gk. prosopa "face; mask" + -na a suffix.

Tanum, from O.Pers. and Av., related to Mod./Mid.Pers. tan "body, person," O.Pers. tanūš "body," tanūm [acc.sg.] "(to) onself;" Av. tanū- "body, person, self," tanūm [acc.sg.]; cf. Skt. tanūš- "body, self;" PIE base *ten-uh- "body."

personage
  تنومسا   
tanumsâ

Fr.: personnage   

1) A person of distinction or importance.
2) A dramatic, historical, or fictional → character in a play, story, etc.

M.E. "form, appearance, stature, figure, air, and the like, of a person," from O.Fr. personage "size, stature; a dignitary," from M.L. personagium, from persona, → person.

Tanumsâ, from tanum, → person, + -sâ, contraction of -âsâ, suffix of "form, type, similarity."

personal
  تنومی   
tanumi

Fr.: personnel   

Of or pertaining to a particular person; individual; private. → personal equation.

person; → -al.

personal equation
  هموگش ِ تنومی   
hamugeš-e tanumi

Fr.: équation personnelle   

A systematic observational error due to the characteristics of the observer.

Personal, adj. of → person; → equation.

personality
  تنومیگی   
tanumigi

Fr.: personnalité   

The sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual (Dictionary.com).

personal; → -ity.

personalize
  ۱) تنومیدن؛ ۲) تنوماردن   
1) tanumidan; 2) tanumârdan

Fr.: 1) personnaliser; 2) personnifier   

1) To make → personal or → individual; specifically, to mark as the property of a particular → person.
2) Same as → personify.

personal; → -ize.

Tanumidan, from tanum, → person, + -idan, → -ize; tanumârdan, → personify.

personification
  تنومارش   
tanumâreš

Fr.: personnification   

1) The attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
2) The representation of a thing or abstraction in the form of a person, as in art.
3) The person or thing embodying a quality or the like; an embodiment or incarnation (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → personify.

personify
  تنوماردن   
tanumârdan

Fr.: personnifier   

1) To conceive of or represent as a person or as having human qualities or powers.
2) To be the embodiment or personification of (Merriam-Webster.com).

person + -ify, → -fy.

personnel
  تنومگان   
tanumgân

Fr.: personnel   

A body of persons employed in an organization or place of work (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. personnel (as contrasted with matériel), from O.Fr. personel, → personal.

Tanumgân, from tanum, → personal, + -gân multiplicity suffix.

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