An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 912
apparatus
  دستگاه   
dastgâh (#)

Fr.: appareil, dispositif   

An appliance or device for a particular purpose: an X-ray apparatus. An integrated group of materials or devices used for a particular purpose.

From L. apparatus "equipment, preparation," from p.p. of apparare "to prepare," from ad- "to" + parare "make ready".

Dastgâh "any manufacturing instrument, a loom; ustensils".

apparent
  پدیدار   
padidâr (#)

Fr.: apparent   

General: Open to view, visible; appearing as actual to the eye or mind.
In astronomy, observed.

O.Fr. aparant, from L. apparentem, pr.p. of apparere "to appear," from ad- "to" + perere "to come forth, be visible".

Padidâr "appearing, manifest," from padid "evident, clear, in sight," from Mid.Pers. patdit, from O.Pers./Av. patiy-/paiti "toward, against, back" (cp. Skt. prati- "near, toward, against, in return," Gk. proti, pros "face to face with, toward, in addition to") + O.Pers./Av. di-/dâ(y)- "to see" (Skt. dhi- "to think"), Mod.Pers. didan "to see".

apparent diameter
  ترامون ِ پدیدار، قطر ِ ~   
tarâmun-e padidâr, qotr-e ~

Fr.: diamètre apparent   

The angular diameter of a celestial body expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of arc, or in radians.

apparent; → diameter.

apparent distance
  دورا‌ی ِ پدیدار   
durâ-ye padidâr

Fr.: distance apparente   

The angular distance between two celestial bodies (e.g. the components of a binary star system), expressed in degrees, minutes and seconds of arc.

apparent; → distance.

apparent field
  میدان ِ پدیدار   
meydân-e padidâr

Fr.: champ apparent   

The angular diameter of the circle of light that the eye sees through an eyepiece.

apparent; → field.

apparent horizon
  افق ِ پدیدار   
ofoq-e padidâr

Fr.: horizon apparent   

The circle determined by the intersection of the heavens with a → cone whose → vertex is the → eye, and whose elements are tangent to lines of the Earth's surface. Same as → visible horizon. Assuming that there is no → atmospheric refraction, apparent horizon coincides with → geometric horizon. See also → sea horizon.

apparent; → horizon.

apparent magnitude
  برز ِ پدیدار   
borz-e padidâr

Fr.: magnitude apparente   

A measure of a star's observed brightness (opposed to → absolute magnitude); symbol m. It depends on the star's → intrinsic brightness, its distance from the observer, and the amount of → interstellar absorption. The brightest star → Sirius has an apparent magnitude of -1.46, while the weakest stars visible with the naked eye in the most favorable observation conditions have magnitudes of about +6.5. The stars of magnitudes less than +23 are measured by professional observatories, whereas those of magnitudes less than +30 by a telescope such as the → Hubble Space Telescope (M.S.: SDE).

apparent; → magnitude.

apparent noon
  نیمروز ِ پدیدار   
nimruz-e padidâr

Fr.: midi vrai   

The moment when the center of the Sun crosses the meridian. Same as true noon.

apparent; → noon.

apparent place
  جای ِ پدیدار   
jâ-ye padidâr

Fr.: position apparente   

Same as → apparent position.

apparent; → place.

apparent position
  نهش ِ پدیدار، جا‌ی ~   
naheš-e padidâr, jâ-ye ~

Fr.: position apparente   

1) The position on the celestial sphere at which a heavenly body would be seen from the Earth at a particular time.
2) A position given by the coordinates calculated for a star, if it were seen from the Earth's centre, relative to the → real equator and the → real equinox, at a certain date. It includes the displacements from one heliocentric direction, given in a stellar catalogue, due to → precession, → nutation, → aberration, → proper motions, → annual parallax, and light gravitational deviation (M.S.: SDE).

apparent; → position.

apparent rising
  بر‌آیش ِ پدیدار   
barâyeš-e padidâr

Fr.: lever apparent   

The instant of time when the object is in the East and the geometric → zenith distance is equal to 90° plus the → horizontal refraction plus the semidiameter minus the → parallax.

apparent; → rising.

apparent setting
  فروشد ِ پدیدار   
forušod-e padidâr

Fr.: coucher apparent   

The instant of time when the object is in the West and the geometric → zenith distance is equal to 90° plus the → horizontal refraction plus the semidiameter minus the → parallax.

apparent; → setting.

apparent sidereal day
  روز ِ اختری ِ پدیدار   
ruz-e axtari-ye padidâr

Fr.: jour sidéral apparent   

The time interval between two successive → upper transits of the → true equinox of date.

apparent; → sidereal; → day.

apparent sidereal time
  زمان ِ اختری ِ پدیدار   
zamân-e axtari-ye padidâr

Fr.: temps sidéral apparent   

The → mean sidereal time corrected for the → nutation and shift in the obliquity of the ecliptic that occurs as a result of the Moon's gravitational effect. Apparent sidereal time differs from mean sidereal time in that the → true vernal equinox point is used.

apparent; → sidereal; → time.

apparent solar day
  روز ِ خورشیدی ِ پدیدار   
ruz-e xoršidi-ye padidâr

Fr.: jour solaire vrai   

The duration of one rotation of the Earth on its axis (→ Earth's rotation), with respect to the → apparent Sun. It is measured by successive transits of the apparent Sun over the lower branch of a → meridian.

apparent; → solar day.

apparent solar time
  زمان ِ خورشیدی ِ پدیدار   
zamân-e xoršidi-ye padidâr

Fr.: temps solaire apparent   

The time based on the motion of the → apparent Sun and kept by dividing the day into 24 equal hours.

apparent; → solar; → time.

apparent Sun
  خورشید ِ پدیدار   
xoršid-e padidâr

Fr.: Soleil apparent   

The → true Sun as seen by an observer on Earth. The term "apparent Sun" is used in contrast to → mean Sun, which refers to an average of the Sun's position). See also: → apparent solar time and → mean solar time.

apparent; → Sun.

apparent visual magnitude
  برز ِ دیدگانی ِ پدیدار   
borz-e didegâni-ye padidâr

Fr.: magnitude visuelle apparente   

Apparent magnitude in the visual wavelengths, around 5600 Å. → visual magnitude.

apparent; → visual; → magnitude.

apparition
  پدیداری، پدیدارش   
padidâri (#), padidâreš

Fr.: apparition   

A period during which a → planet, → asteroid, or → comet is observable, generally between two successive → conjunctions of the body with the Sun.

M.E. apparicioun, from O.Fr. apparition, from L.L. appritionem "an appearance," from L. apparitus, p.p. of apparere "to appear."

Padidâri, n. from → padidâr + -i; padidâreš, verbal n. from *padidâridan.

apperception
  بر‌آگرتش   
barâgerteš

Fr.: aperception   

In psychology of education, the fundamental process in acquiring knowledge, and the part played by existing knowledge.

From Fr. aperception, from N.L. apperceptionem, from ap- variant of → ad- before p + → perception.

From prefix bar- "on, upon, up" (Mid.Pers. abar; O.Pers. upariy "above; over, upon, according to;" Av. upairi "above, over," upairi.zəma- "located above the earth;" cf. Gk. hyper- "over, above;" L. super-; O.H.G. ubir "over;" PIE base *uper "over") + âgerteš, → perception.

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