An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



<< < -ab aba abs abs abs acc acc act act ada adi adv afo agi Ale alg Alk Aln alr alt amb ana And ang ani ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc arg arm art ass ast ast asy atm ato aur aut axi > >>

Number of Results: 892
apparent setting
  فروشد ِ پدیدار   
forušod-e padidâr

Fr.: coucher apparent   

The instant of time when the object is in the West and the geometric → zenith distance is equal to 90° plus the → horizontal refraction plus the semidiameter minus the → parallax.

apparent; → setting.

apparent sidereal day
  روز ِ اختری ِ پدیدار   
ruz-e axtari-ye padidâr

Fr.: jour sidéral apparent   

The time interval between two successive → upper transits of the → true equinox of date.

apparent; → sidereal; → day.

apparent sidereal time
  زمان ِ اختری ِ پدیدار   
zamân-e axtari-ye padidâr

Fr.: temps sidéral apparent   

The → mean sidereal time corrected for the → nutation and shift in the obliquity of the ecliptic that occurs as a result of the Moon's gravitational effect. Apparent sidereal time differs from mean sidereal time in that the → true vernal equinox point is used.

apparent; → sidereal; → time.

apparent solar day
  روز ِ خورشیدی ِ پدیدار   
ruz-e xoršidi-ye padidâr

Fr.: jour solaire vrai   

The duration of one rotation of the Earth on its axis (→ Earth's rotation), with respect to the → apparent Sun. It is measured by successive transits of the apparent Sun over the lower branch of a → meridian.

apparent; → solar day.

apparent solar time
  زمان ِ خورشیدی ِ پدیدار   
zamân-e xoršidi-ye padidâr

Fr.: temps solaire apparent   

The time based on the motion of the → apparent Sun and kept by dividing the day into 24 equal hours.

apparent; → solar; → time.

apparent Sun
  خورشید ِ پدیدار   
xoršid-e padidâr

Fr.: Soleil apparent   

The → true Sun as seen by an observer on Earth. The term "apparent Sun" is used in contrast to → mean Sun, which refers to an average of the Sun's position). See also: → apparent solar time and → mean solar time.

apparent; → Sun.

apparent visual magnitude
  برز ِ دیدگانی ِ پدیدار   
borz-e didegâni-ye padidâr

Fr.: magnitude visuelle apparente   

Apparent magnitude in the visual wavelengths, around 5600 Å. → visual magnitude.

apparent; → visual; → magnitude.

  پدیداری، پدیدارش   
padidâri (#), padidâreš

Fr.: apparition   

A period during which a → planet, → asteroid, or → comet is observable, generally between two successive → conjunctions of the body with the Sun.

M.E. apparicioun, from O.Fr. apparition, from L.L. appritionem "an appearance," from L. apparitus, p.p. of apparere "to appear."

Padidâri, n. from → padidâr + -i; padidâreš, verbal n. from *padidâridan.


Fr.: aperception   

In psychology of education, the fundamental process in acquiring knowledge, and the part played by existing knowledge.

From Fr. aperception, from N.L. apperceptionem, from ap- variant of → ad- before p + → perception.

From prefix bar- "on, upon, up" (Mid.Pers. abar; O.Pers. upariy "above; over, upon, according to;" Av. upairi "above, over," upairi.zəma- "located above the earth;" cf. Gk. hyper- "over, above;" L. super-; O.H.G. ubir "over;" PIE base *uper "over") + âgerteš, → perception.

  آتاهش، کاربرد   
âtâheš, kârbord (#)

Fr.: application   

1) General: The act of applying to a particular purpose or use.
2) Computers: A program that performs a specific function for the user, as contrasted with an environment or operating system. Some examples are Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Word, and Adobe Photoshop. The word "application" is used because each program has a specific application for the user.

Verbal noun of → apply.

application software
  نرم‌افزار ِ آتاهشی   
narm-afzâr-e âtâheši

Fr.: logiciel d'application   

A software with a specific function, such as a word processor or game. Contrast with operating system software.

application; → software.

applied physics
  فیزیک ِ کاربردی   
fizik-e kârbordi (#)

Fr.: physique appliquée   

A set of topics in physics intended for a particular or practical use. Applied physics programs are usually interfaces between pure physics and technology.

Past participle of → apply; → physics.

  آتاهیدن، به کار بردن   
âtâhidan, bé kâr bordan (#)

Fr.: appliquer   

To make use of; to put to use especially for some practical purpose.
To put into operation or effect.
To lay or spread on; to be placed or remain on.
To make a request especially in the form of a written → application.

From M.E. ap(p)lien, from O.Fr. aploiier "apply, use, attach," from L. applicare "to attach to, connect;" figuratively, "devote (oneself) to, give attention," from → ad- "to" + plicare "to fold," → explain.

Âtâhidan, from â- intensive/nuance prefix, + tâh "fold, plait, ply" (on the model of L., as above, → explain); Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part" + -idan infinitive suffix.
Bé kâr bordan, from "to; for; in; on; with; by; according to," → ad hoc; kâr, → work, bordan "to carry, bear, conduct, take," → range.

  ۱) نزدیدن، نزدیک شدن؛ ۲) نزدش   
1) nazdidan, nazdik šodan; 2) nazdeš

Fr.: 1) approche; 2) s'approcher, approcher   

1) (v.intr.) To come near or nearer, as in space or time.
( To come or go near or nearer to in quality, character, time, or condition.
2) (n.) The act of drawing near; nearness or close approximation; the method used or steps taken in dealing with or accomplishing.

M.E. approchen, from O.Fr. aprochier, from L. appropiare, from ad- "to" + propius "nearer," comparative of prope "near".

1) Nazdidan from nazd "near," Mid.Pers. nazd, Av. nas- "to come near, approach, reach," nazdišta- "nearest, next," nazdyo "nearer to," compare with Skt. nas- "to approach, to reach" + -idan "infinitive forming suffix".
2) Nazdeš, from nazd, nazidan + -eš "noun forming suffix."


Fr.: approbation   

The act of approving; approbation; formal permission or sanction.

approve; → -al.


Fr.: approuver   

To confirm or sanction formally; ratify.

M.E., from O.Fr. aprover "approve, agree to," from L. approbare "to assent to as good, regard as good," from → ad- "to" + probare "to try, test something (to find if it is good)," from probus "honest, genuine," → prove.

Âsandidan, from â- + sandidan, as in pasandidan (with pati-) "to cherish, approve;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *sand- "to appear, seem good;" cf. Av. sənd- "to appear, seem (good);" Manichean Mid.Pers. shyn "apparent, prominent, splendid;" Mid.Pers. passand "to approve;" Khotanese sad- "to appear, seem, show;" Skt. chand- "to appear, please;" L. censere "to appraise, value, judg" (Cheung 2007).

  ۱) نزدین؛ ۲) نزدینیدن   
1) nazdin (#); 2) nazdinidan

Fr.: 1) approximatif; 2) s'approcher   

1) Nearly exact or correct; near or approaching a certain state, condition, or goal.
2) ( To come close to; be nearly the same as.
(v.intr.) To come near or close, as in degree, nature, or quality.

From L. approximatus, p.p. of approximare "to draw near to," from ad- "to" + proximare "come near," from proximus "nearest," superlative of prope "near".

1) Nazdin from nazd "near" + -in, adjective making suffix, in particular superlative, as in bišin, kamin, kehin, mehin, etc.
2) Nazdinidan from nazdin, as above, + -idan infinitive forming suffix.


Fr.: approximativement   

Not exactly, but nearly or roughly.

Adverb of → approximate.


Fr.: approximation   

1) General: A guess or estimate; nearness in space, position, degree.
2) Math., Physics: Result that is not quite exact, but is within the limits of accuracy required for a given purpose.

Approximation, verbal noun of → approximate.

Nazdineš, verbal noun of nazdinidan, → approximate.



A situation in which two heavenly bodies apparently approach each other. A close → conjunction in which no → occultation actually occurs.

L. appulsus, from appellere, appulsum "to drive to," from ad, → ad- + pellere "to drive".

Hamtâxt from ham- "against; together" + tâxt, from tâxtan "to rush upon, run, assault".

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