Fr.: zéro absolu
M.Fr. absorber, from L. absorbere "to swallow up," from ab- "from" + sorbere "suck in;" PIE root *srebh- "to suck, absorb;" cf. Arm. arbi "I drank;" Gk. rhophein "to sup up, gulp down;" Lith. srebiu "to drink greedily;" Proto-Iranian *hrab- "to sip, suck (in)," cf. Pashto raw-, Shaghni râv-, Sariqoli rov-, Ishkashimi ruv- "to suck" (Cheung 2007), Pers. (prefixed) zâlu "leech."
Daršamidan, from daršam, from dar- "in, into" + šam, variant of šâm, as in âšâm, âšâmidan "to drink, to sip;" Av. šam- "to drink, sip, swallow;" Skt. cam, camati "to sip, drink, lick up, absorb."
Capable of being absorbed.
Daršamidani adj. from aršamidan "to absorb" + -i, → -able.
The ability of a solution or a layer of a substance to absorb → radiation, i.e. the ratio of the intensity of the light incident on the solution to the intensity transmitted by it, in logarithmic scale.
Absorbent, from → absorb + -ent.
Daršamandé from aršam present stem of daršamidan, → absorb, + -andé suffix forming adj. and/or agent name.
Any medium that absorbs something.
Fr.: coin absorbant
Optics: A strip or annulus of material, such as glass or film, whose density increases progressively from one end to the other. The function of the wedge is to weaken the light beam in an optical system.
1) General: The process or fact of absorbing.
Fr.: bande d'absorption
1) A series of very closely spaced absorption lines in stellar spectra
resulting from the absorption of light by molecules. Bands caused by
titanium oxide (→ TiO bands) and carbon compounds occur
in the spectra of low temperature M and C stars.
Fr.: coefficient d'absorption
The fraction of normally incident light that is absorbed per unit path length or by a unit mass of absorbing medium.
Fr.: courbe d'absorption
A graphic representation of the amount of radiant energy absorbed by a material as a function of the wavelength.
Fr.: motif d'absorption
A dip in a spectrum indicating that light has been absorbed on the path from the emitting source to the observer. It may be a line, corresponding to a well-defined atomic or molecular transition, or a more complex feature whose physical origin is not necessarily understood.
Fr.: raie d'absorption
A dark line in the spectrum of a source produced by a lower temperature gas cloud lying between the source and the observer.
Fr.: nébuleuse par absorption, nébuleuse obscure
A dark cloud of dust and gas that absorbs light from and impedes the view of background stars; dark nebula.
Fr.: spectre d'absorption
A spectrum of absorption lines or bands, produced when light from a hot source, itself producing a continuous spectrum, passes through a cooler gas.
The ratio of energy absorbed by a body to energy incident upon the same body.
Daršamâyi, from daršamâ quality adj. from daršam, present stem of daršamidan + -yi noun suffix.
Fr.: rapport absorptivité-émissivité
For a spatial object, the ratio between its absorption of solar radiation and its infrared emission.
1) âhanjidé (#); 2) âhanjidé (#), cekidé (#)
Fr.: 1) abstrait; 2) abstrait, sommaire
1a) (adj.) A designation of what derives from → abstraction.
Contrasted to → concrete.
1) Âhanjidé, p.p. of âhanjidan, variants âhixtan, âxtan
"to draw, pull, extract," → object.
Fr.: objet abstrait
An entity that does not exist in space or time and is not perceptible. Some examples are universals, sets, geometrical figures, and numbers.
1) The mental process in which an element or quality is separated from a
total object. Also the result of this process.