Fr.: étoile Ap
A star of spectral type A in which lines of ionized metals and → rare-earth elements are abnormally enhanced. Such stars have unusually strong magnetic fields, thousands of times stronger than the Sun's typical surface field. Ap stars are generally slow rotators because of magnetic braking.
Fr.: étoile Ap/Bp
A class of → intermediate-mass stars which possess anomalously strong → magnetic fields (about 100-10000 G). Ap/Bp stars typically show → overabundances of → iron peak elements, → rare earths, and → silicon, ranging up to ~2 dex above solar. These magnetic → chemically peculiar stars make up about 5% of the → main sequence A and B population (→ A star, → B star). Ap/Bp stars have predominantly → dipolar magnetic fields. The presence of strong, ordered magnetic fields in some main sequence A and B stars has been known for nearly one-half of a century (Babcock 1947). However the cause of the magnetic field is still a matter of debate. There are two competing theories: the contemporaneous → dynamo effect, and the → fossil magnetic field theory. Contemporaneous dynamo effect suggests that there is a dynamo effect currently working in the → convective core of the star. The fossil field theory assumes that the magnetic field is a remnant, produced by a dynamo effect operating at an earlier evolutionary phase, or swept up from the → interstellar medium during → star formation (Power et al., 2006, astro-ph/0612557).
A and B represent spectral types and p stands for → peculiar.
The point at which a binary star is furthest from its companion.
Apastron, from Gk. ap-, → apo- + astron "star."
Fr.: amortissement apériodique
A system in which the → damping is great enough to prevent oscillation.
The diameter of the → primary mirror in a → reflecting telescope, the → objective lens in a → refracting telescope, the → dish of a → radio telescope, or the → entrance pupil of an instrument such as → spectrograph or → photometer.
From L. apertura, from apertus, p.p. of aperire "to open, uncover," from PIE *ap-wer-yo- from *ap- "off, away" + base *wer- "to cover".
Ddahâné "an opening," from dahân, → mouth.
Fr.: efficacité d'ouverture
The ratio of the → effective aperture of a radio telescope to the true aperture.
Fr.: photométrie d'ouverture
Photometry using a diaphragm to isolate a small sky area, either directly with a focal-plane diaphragm, or with an image processing system.
Fr.: rapport d'ouverture
The ratio of the effective diameter of a lens or mirror to its focal length.
Fr.: diaphragme d'ouverture
The diaphragm that limits the diameter of the axial light bundle allowed to pass through a lens.
Fr.: synthèse d'ouverture
The method of combining the signals received by several smaller telescopes distributed over a very large area or baseline to provide the high angular resolution of a much large telescope.
1) General: The highest point or level.
L. apex "summit, peak, tip," probably related to apere "to fasten, fix," hence "the tip of anything".
Cakâd "summit of a mountain; top, crown of the head, top of the forehead," from Mid.Pers. cakât "summit," cf. Skt. kakud-, kakuda- "peak, summit," L. cacumen "top, point," cumulus "heap."
The point in the orbit of a planet, or other object in the solar system, which is furthest from the Sun.
Aphelion, from L. aphelium, from Gk. → apo- + helios "sun," cognate with L. sol, Skt. surya, Av. hvar-, Mod.Pers. xor, hur, O.H.G. sunna, Ger. Sonne, E. sun; PIE *sawel- "sun".
Apâhur, from Pers. prefix apâ, → apo-, + hur "sun."
Fr.: distance à l'aphélie
Fr.: lentille aplanétique
→ aplanatism; → lens.
Fr.: système aplanétique
→ aplanatism; → system.
Freedom from spherical aberration and coma.
Aplanatism, from aplanatic, from a- "negation prefix" + Gk. plane "wandering," from planasthai "to wander" + -tic adjective-forming suffix.
Nâbirahi, from nâ- "negation prefix" + birah "a devious path; a wanderer, who deviates, errs," + -i noun affix.
Prefix meaning "away from, off; out of; without," ap- before a vowel or h.
From Gk. apo "away from, from;" cf. Av. apâ "away from, from."
Persian apâ- from Av. and O.Pers. apâ "away from, from". Compare with Skt. apa "away, off," L. ab- "from, away," Hittite appa, Gothic af-, Ger. ab-, E. of, off; PIE *apo- "off, away."
The point in an orbit where the moving body lies furthest from the celestial body around which it turns.
The point on an elliptic orbit at the greatest distance from the principal focus or center of attraction.
Same as → apochromatic lens.