Fr.: énergie d'excitation
Fr.: potentiel d'excitation
Fr.: température d'excitation
Of a gas or plasma, the temperature deduced from the → populations of atomic → excited states, as expressed by the Boltzmann formula: Nu/Nl = (gu/gl) exp (-ΔE/kTex), where Nu and Nl are the upper level and lower level populations respectively, gu and gl the statistical weights, ΔE = hν the energy difference between the states, k is → Boltzmann's constant, and h→ Planck's constant. The higher the energy of the occupied states, the higher the excitation temperature.
Verb of → excitation.
From L. excitare "to rouse, produce," freq. of exciere "to call forth, instigate," from → ex- "out" + ciere "to move, set in motion;" PIE base *kei- "to move to and fro" (cf. Av. šiyav-, š(ii)auu- "to move, go," šiyavati "goes," šyaoθna- "activity; action; doing, working;" O.Pers. šiyav- "to go forth, set," ašiyavam "I set forth;" Mod.Pers. šodan, šow- "to go; to become;" cf. Skt. cyu- "to move to and fro, shake about; to stir," cyávate "stirs himself, goes;" Gk. seuo "I start quickly after," kinein "to move;" Goth. haitan "call, be called;" O.E. hatan "command, call").
Barangixtan, from intensive prefix bar- "on, upon, up," → on-, + angixtan, angizidan "to excite, stimulate," from Mid.Pers. hangêxtan, hangêz- "to arouse, stimulate, stir up," from Proto-Iranian *hamgaiz-, from ham-, → com-, + *gaiz- "to disturb, stir, excite." The Mod.Pers. gij, giž "confused, astonished, dizzy" is from this stem (Cheung 2007).
atom-e barangixté (#)
Fr.: atome excité
An atom in which one or more of its bound electrons are at → energy levels higher than their normal level.
hâlat-e barangixté (#)
Fr.: état excité
The condition of a particle or system of particles (especially an atom, nucleus, molecule) after absorbing energy from outside and transiting to a higher → energy level than that of its → ground state. Excited states are transitory as they lose energy through emissions or collisions and return to ground state.
Fr.: étoile excitatrice
To shut or keep out; to hinder from being included, considered, or accepted. → exclusion.
An act or instance of excluding; the state of being excluded.
Verbal noun of → exclude.
Fr.: principe d'exclusion
Excluding or having power to exclude; excluding all else; rejecting other considerations, possibilities, etc.
Adj. from → exclude.
Fr.: disque d'excrétion
An expanding → equatorial → disk or → torus of material ejected by a star. The phenomenon may result from a stellar → merger or an increase in its rate of → rotation or → stellar winds. Contrasted with → accretion disk.
Fr.: fichier exécutable
A type of binary file designed to be directly executed by a computer system. → executable program.
Fr.: programme exécutable
1) To carry out; accomplish.
M.E. executen, from O.Fr. executer, from M.L. executare, from L. execut-/exsecut-, p.p. stem of exequi/exsequi "to follow out, carry out," from → ex- "out" + sequi "to follow, come after," from PIE root *sekw- "to follow," → sequence; cf. Av. hac- "to follow," Gk. hepesthai "to follow," Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows"
The act of executing something; the state of being executed.
1) zokâreši; 2) zokârgar
1a) Of, pertaining to, or suited for carrying out plans, duties, etc.
A person who executes, carries out, or performs some duty, job, assignment, artistic work, etc. (Dictionary.com).