An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 655
executable file
  پرونده‌ی ِ زکاردنی   
parvande-ye zokârdani

Fr.: fichier exécutable   

A type of binary file designed to be directly executed by a computer system. → executable program.

executable; → file.

executable program
  برنامه‌ی ِ زکاردنی   
barnâme-ye zokârdani

Fr.: programme exécutable   

A program that can run on a → computer. It uses an → executable file.

executable; → program.

execute
  زکاردن   
zokârdan

Fr.: exécuter   

1) To carry out; accomplish.
2) To create (a work of art, for example) or carry out in accordance with a prescribed design.
3) Computers: To run a program or an instruction.

M.E. executen, from O.Fr. executer, from M.L. executare, from L. execut-/exsecut-, p.p. stem of exequi/exsequi "to follow out, carry out," from → ex- "out" + sequi "to follow, come after," from PIE root *sekw- "to follow," → sequence; cf. Av. hac- "to follow," Gk. hepesthai "to follow," Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows"

Zokârdan, from prefix zo-, variants os-, so-, âz-, → ex-, + kâr variant of kar-, kardan "to do, to make," → -ize.

execution
  زکارش   
zokâreš

Fr.: exécution   

The act of executing something; the state of being executed.

Verbal noun of → execute; → -tion.

executive
  ۱) زکارشی؛ ۲) زکارگر   
1) zokâreši; 2) zokârgar

Fr.: exécutif   

1a) Of, pertaining to, or suited for carrying out plans, duties, etc.
1b) Pertaining to or charged with the execution of laws and policies or the administration of public affairs.
2a) A person or group of persons having administrative or supervisory authority in an organization.
2b) The person or persons in whom the supreme executive power of a government is vested (Dictionary.com).

execute; → -ive.

executor
  زکارنده   
zokârandé

Fr.: exécuteur   

A person who executes, carries out, or performs some duty, job, assignment, artistic work, etc. (Dictionary.com).

execute; → -or.

exercise
  ۱) آورژش؛ ۲) آورژیدن   
1) âvaržeš 1) âvaržidan

Fr.: 1) exercise; 2) exercer   

1a) Something done or performed as a means of practice or training.
1b) A putting into action, use, operation, or effect.
2a) To put (faculties, rights, etc.) into action, practice, or use.
2b) To put through exercises, or forms of practice or exertion, designed to train, develop, condition, or the like (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. exercice, from L. exercitium "training, exercise" (of soldiers, horsemen, etc.); from → ex- "off" + arcere "keep away, prevent, enclose."

Âvaržeš, verbal noun from Âvaržidan, from prefix â- + varž, "work," variant of varz, → practice, + infinitive suffix -idan.

exert
  بلیزیدن   
balizidan

Fr.: exercer   

To apply or put forth, as strength.

From L. ex(s)ertus, p.p. of exserere "to thrust out, put forth," from → ex- "out," + serere "to bind together."

Balizidan, from Kurd (Kurm.) bil "work," bilîn "to work," variant of varz, → practice, + infinitive suffix -idan.

exertion
  بلیزش   
balizeš

Fr.: effort; exercice   

1) Vigorous action; physical or mental effort.
2) The application or exercise of force, power, or faculties.

exert; → -tion.

exist
  هستومند بودن، هستن، بودن   
hastumand budan (#), hastan (#), budan (#)

Fr.: exister   

1) To have actual being or reality; to be.
2) To have life; to live.

M.E., from O.Fr. exister, ultimately from pr.p. of L. existere/exsistere "to stand forth, appear; to exist, be;" from → ex- + sistere "cause to stand," from PIE *sta-, cf. Pers. istâdan "to stand," → state.

Hastumand budan, from Mid.Pers. hastumand "existing, existent," from hast, ast 'is" (infinitive hastan, astan); O.Pers. astiy; Av. asti "is;" O.Pers./Av. root ah- "to be;" cf. Skt. as-; Gk. esti; L. est; PIE *es-, + euphonic -u-, + -mand possession suffix, → -ist, + budan "to be," to become;" Mid.Pers. butan "to be ,become," from O.Pers./Av. bav- "to be; become, take place," Av. buta- perf. ptcpl. pass., bavaiti "becomes," Skt. bhavati "becomes, happens," bhavah "becoming; condition, state," PIE *bheu- "to be, come into being, become;" cf. Gk. phu- "become," phuein "to bring forth, make grow," L. fui "I was" (perf. tense of esse), futurus "that is to be, future," Ger. present first and second person sing. bin, bist, E. to be, O.Ir. bi'u "I am," Lith. bu'ti "to be," Rus. byt' "to be."

existence
  هستومندی، هستی   
hastumandi (#), hasti (#)

Fr.: existence   

Math.: The fact that at least one → solution exists for a given → problem.

exist; → -ence.

existence problem
  پراسه‌ی ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
parâse-ye hustumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: problème d'existence   

Math: The question of whether a → solution to a given → problem exists.

existence; → problem.

existence proof
  آوین ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
âvin-e hastumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: preuve d'existence   

Math.: An → argument that establishes an → existence theorem.

existence; → proof.

existence theorem
  فربین ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
farbin-e hastumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: théorème d'existence   

Math: A theorem that asserts the existence of at least one object, such as the → solution to a → problem or → equation.

existence; → theorem.

existent
  هستومند   
hastumand (#)

Fr.: existant   

Existing; having existence.

exist.

existential
  هستیال   
hastiyâl

Fr.: existentiel   

1) Of or relating to → existence, especially  human existence.
2) Philo.:  Pertaining to what exists, and is thus known by experience rather  than reason; empirical as opposed to theoretical.
3) Logic: Denoting or relating to a → formula or → proposition asserting the existence of at least one object fulfilling a given condition; containing an → existential quantifier.
4) Of or relating to → existentialism (Dictionary.com).

From L.L. existentialis, → existence, → -al.

Hastiyâl, from hasti, → existence, + -al a suffix of attributes forming adjectives that often become nouns, in this case preferred to -i because hasti ends in -i, → -al.

existential quantifier
  چندیگر ِ هستیال   
candigar-e hastiyâl

Fr.: quantificateur existentiel   

A symbol of → predicate logic which expresses that the statements within its scope are → true for at least one instance of something. The symbol ∃ is used as the existential quantifier. Existential quantifiers are normally used in logic in → conjunction with → predicate symbols, which say something about a → variable or → constant, in this case the variable being quantified (→ quantify, → quantification).

existential; → quantifier.

existentialism
  هستیال‌باوری، هستیال‌گرایی   
hastiyâl-bâvari, hastiyâl-gerâyi

Fr.: existentialisme   

A philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and  Sartre, and opposed to → rationalism and  → empiricism, that stresses the individual's  unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or  her choices (Dictionary.com).

existential; → -ism.

existentialist
  هستیال‌باور، هستیال‌گرا   
hastiyâl-bâvar, hastiyâl-gerâ

Fr.: existentialiste   

An advocate of → existentialism.

existential; → -ist.

exit
  اسرفت   
osraft

Fr.: sortie   

A way or passage out.

From L. exit "he or she goes out," from exire "to go out," from → ex- "out" + ire "to go;" cf. Gk ion " going," neut. pr.p. of ienai "to go;" Pers. ây-, â- present stem of âmadan "to come;" O.Pers. aitiy "goes;" Av. ay- "to go, to come," aēiti "goes;" Skt. e- "to come near," eti "arrival;" Goth. iddja "went," Lith. eiti "to go;" Russ. idti "to go."

Osraft, from os-, → ex- "out," + raft, raftan "to go, walk," → entrance.

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