An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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Number of Results: 655
emigration
  زموژش   
zomužeš

Fr.: émigration   

An act or instance of emigrating; a body of emigrants; emigrants collectively.

Verbal noun of → emigrate.

emission
  گسیل   
gosil (#)

Fr.: émission   

In an atom, a characteristic amount of energy radiated (as line emission) when an electron moves from an outer orbit to an inner orbit around the nucleus, corresponding to the lost energy of the electron.

From L. emissionem "a sending out," from emiss-, stem of emittere "send forth," from → ex- "out" + mittere "to send."

Gosil, variant gosi "sending away, dismission;" Mid.Pers. wisé "to despatch" (Parthian Mid.Pers. wsys- "to despatch;" Buddhist Mid.Pers. wsydy "to despatch;" Sogdian 'ns'yd- "to exhort"), from Proto-Iranian *vi-sid- "to despatch, send off," from prefix vi- "apart, away, out," + *sid- "to call."

emission band
  باند ِ گسیلی   
bând-e gosili

Fr.: bande d'émission   

In a spectrum, a combination of several closely spaced, often unresolved, → emission lines occurring across a limited range of wavelengths.

emission; → band.

emission coefficient
  همگر ِ گسیل   
hamgar-e gosil

Fr.: coefficient d'émission   

Electromagnetic flux emitted by a source per unit volume per unit time.

emission; → coefficient.

emission feature
  آرنگ ِ گسیل   
ârang-e gosil

Fr.: motif d'émission   

Any emission mark in the spectrum of a celestial object resulting from line formation or of unknown origin.

emission; → feature.

emission line
  خط ِ گسیلی   
xatt-e gosili (#)

Fr.: raie d'émission   

A bright line in the electromagnetic spectrum of a radiating substance caused by emission at a particular wavelength.

emission; → line.

emission measure
  اندازه‌ی ِ گسیل   
andâze-ye gosil

Fr.: mesure d'émission   

The product of the square of the electron density times the linear size of the emitting region (in parsecs).

emission; → measure.

emission nebula
  میغ ِ گسیلی   
miq-e gosil-i

Fr.: nébuleuse en émission   

An ionized nebula whose spectrum consists of → emission lines. → planetary nebula; → H II region.

emission; → nebula.

emission spectrum
  بیناب ِ گسیلی   
binâb-e gosili (#)

Fr.: spectre d'émission   

A spectrum consisting of emission lines, produced when the light does not undergo absorption between the source and the spectrograph.

emission; → spectrum.

emissive
  گسیلی، گسیلشی   
gosili, gosileši

Fr.: émissif   

1) Able to emit (radiation, light, or heat).
2) Pertaining to → emission.

Verbal adj. from → emit.

emissive power
  توان ِ گسیلی، ~ گسیلشی   
tavân-e gosili, ~ gosileši

Fr.: pouvoir émissif   

The energy emitted from unit surface area of body per second.

emissive; → power.

emissivity
  گسیلندگی   
gosilandegi (#)

Fr.: émissivité   

The ratio of energy radiated by a material to energy radiated by a black body at the same temperature.

emissive + → -ity.

emit
  گسیلیدن   
gosilidan (#)

Fr.: émettre   

To send forth (liquid, light, heat, sound, particles, etc.).

Verb of → emission.

Gosilidan, infinitive of gosil, → emission.

emitter
  گسیلنده   
gosilandé (#)

Fr.: émetteur   

Any device used to emit light, sound, electrons, or the like.

Agent noun of → emit.

emphasis
  براوژ   
barâvaž

Fr.: accentuation, accent   

Special stress laid upon, or importance attached to (Dictionary.com).

From L. emphasis, from Gk. emphasis "significance, implied meaning," from emphainein "to show, indicate," from en "in" + phainein "to show." It developed a sense of "extra stress" laid on a word or words to make the significance clear, or to show their importance.

Barâvaž, present stem of barâvažidan, literally "to speak loudly," from bar- "on, upon, up," → over-, + âvaž variant of âvâz "voice, sound, noise, clamour," cf. Sariqoli awuj "voice, sound," Wakhi awôγ "voice, sound," related to vâž, → word.

emphasize
  براوژیدن   
barâvažidan

Fr.: appuyer sur, insister sur, souligner   

To give → emphasis to; lay stress upon; stress (Dictionary.com).

emphasis + → -ize.

emphatic
  براوژی   
barâvaži

Fr.: énergique, catégorique   

1) Uttered, or to be uttered, with emphasis; strongly expressive.
2) Using emphasis in speech or action (Dictionary.com).

From Gk. emphatikos, variant of emphantikos, from emphainein, → emphasis.

Barâvaži, from barâvaž + -i adj. suffix.

empirical
  آروینی   
ârvini (#)

Fr.: empirique   

Based on the results of → experiment and → observation only, without → theory.

From L. empiricus, from Gk. empeirikos "experienced," from empeiria "experience," from empeiros "skilled," from en- "in" + peira "experiment."

Ârvini, adj. of ârvin "experience, experiment, test," from prefixed Av. vaēn- (Mod.Pers. bin, present stem of didan "to see, look") "to see," aibī-vaēn- "to look, notice;" cf. Parthian Mid.Pers. frwyn- "to foresee," frwyng "foreseeing," frwyngyft "foresight," from Proto-Iranian *fra-uain.

empirical formula
  دیسول ِ آروینی   
disul-e ârvini

Fr.: formule empirique   

1) In physics, a mathematical equation that predicts observed results, but has no known theoretical basis to explain why it works.
2) In chemistry, a simple expression of the relative number of each type of atom in a chemical compound.

empirical; → formula

empirical science
  دانش ِ آروینی   
dâneš-e ârvini

Fr.: science empirique   

A branch of knowledge, including → natural sciences and → social sciences, that is based on observable phenomena and must be capable of being verified by observation.

empirical; → science.

<< < -en ear eav ecl edd eff Ein Ela ele ele ele ele elo emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Err etc Eul eve EX exc exe exi exp exp ext ext > >>