An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 644
emission measure
  اندازه‌ی ِ گسیل   
andâze-ye gosil

Fr.: mesure d'émission   

The product of the square of the electron density times the linear size of the emitting region (in parsecs).

emission; → measure.

emission nebula
  میغ ِ گسیلی   
miq-e gosil-i

Fr.: nébuleuse en émission   

An ionized nebula whose spectrum consists of → emission lines. → planetary nebula; → H II region.

emission; → nebula.

emission spectrum
  بیناب ِ گسیلی   
binâb-e gosili (#)

Fr.: spectre d'émission   

A spectrum consisting of emission lines, produced when the light does not undergo absorption between the source and the spectrograph.

emission; → spectrum.

emissive
  گسیلی، گسیلشی   
gosili, gosileši

Fr.: émissif   

1) Able to emit (radiation, light, or heat).
2) Pertaining to → emission.

Verbal adj. from → emit.

emissive power
  توان ِ گسیلی، ~ گسیلشی   
tavân-e gosili, ~ gosileši

Fr.: pouvoir émissif   

The energy emitted from unit surface area of body per second.

emissive; → power.

emissivity
  گسیلندگی   
gosilandegi (#)

Fr.: émissivité   

The ratio of energy radiated by a material to energy radiated by a black body at the same temperature.

emissive + → -ity.

emit
  گسیلیدن   
gosilidan (#)

Fr.: émettre   

To send forth (liquid, light, heat, sound, particles, etc.).

Verb of → emission.

Gosilidan, infinitive of gosil, → emission.

emitter
  گسیلنده   
gosilandé (#)

Fr.: émetteur   

Any device used to emit light, sound, electrons, or the like.

Agent noun of → emit.

emphasis
  براوژ   
barâvaž

Fr.: accentuation, accent   

Special stress laid upon, or importance attached to (Dictionary.com).

From L. emphasis, from Gk. emphasis "significance, implied meaning," from emphainein "to show, indicate," from en "in" + phainein "to show." It developed a sense of "extra stress" laid on a word or words to make the significance clear, or to show their importance.

Barâvaž, present stem of barâvažidan, literally "to speak loudly," from bar- "on, upon, up," → over-, + âvaž variant of âvâz "voice, sound, noise, clamour," cf. Sariqoli awuj "voice, sound," Wakhi awôγ "voice, sound," related to vâž, → word.

emphasize
  براوژیدن   
barâvažidan

Fr.: appuyer sur, insister sur, souligner   

To give → emphasis to; lay stress upon; stress (Dictionary.com).

emphasis + → -ize.

emphatic
  براوژی   
barâvaži

Fr.: énergique, catégorique   

1) Uttered, or to be uttered, with emphasis; strongly expressive.
2) Using emphasis in speech or action (Dictionary.com).

From Gk. emphatikos, variant of emphantikos, from emphainein, → emphasis.

Barâvaži, from barâvaž + -i adj. suffix.

empirical
  آروینی   
ârvini (#)

Fr.: empirique   

Based on the results of → experiment and → observation only, without → theory.

From L. empiricus, from Gk. empeirikos "experienced," from empeiria "experience," from empeiros "skilled," from en- "in" + peira "experiment."

Ârvini, adj. of ârvin "experience, experiment, test," from prefixed Av. vaēn- (Mod.Pers. bin, present stem of didan "to see, look") "to see," aibī-vaēn- "to look, notice;" cf. Parthian Mid.Pers. frwyn- "to foresee," frwyng "foreseeing," frwyngyft "foresight," from Proto-Iranian *fra-uain.

empirical formula
  دیسول ِ آروینی   
disul-e ârvini

Fr.: formule empirique   

1) In physics, a mathematical equation that predicts observed results, but has no known theoretical basis to explain why it works.
2) In chemistry, a simple expression of the relative number of each type of atom in a chemical compound.

empirical; → formula

empirical science
  دانش ِ آروینی   
dâneš-e ârvini

Fr.: science empirique   

A branch of knowledge, including → natural sciences and → social sciences, that is based on observable phenomena and must be capable of being verified by observation.

empirical; → science.

empiricism
  آروین‌باوری، آروین‌گرایی   
ârvin-bâvari, ârvin-geraayi

Fr.: empirisme   

1) Philo.: The doctrine that all → knowledge of matters of fact derives from experience and that the mind is not furnished with a set of concepts in advance of experience.
2) The use of empirical methods (Dictionary.com).

From empiric, → empirical, + → -ism.

empty
  تهی   
tohi (#)

Fr.: vide   

Containing nothing; having none of the usual or appropriate contents (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.E. æmettig "vacant, not occupied," from æmetta "a leisure," from æ "not" + -metta, from motan "to have."

Tohi "empty," → void.

empty graph
  نگاره‌ی ِ تهی   
negâre-ye tohi

Fr.: graphe vide   

In → graph theory, a graph with any number of → vertices which do not have → edges.

empty; → graph.

empty set
  هنگرد ِ تهی   
hangard-e tohi

Fr.: ensemble vide   

A set containing no → elements.

empty; → set.

empty Universe
  گیتی ِ تهی   
giti-ye tohi

Fr.: Univers vide   

A → cosmological model based on → Einstein's field equations in which the → Universe is devoid of → matter and → radiation. There are two types of empty Universes: the → de Sitter Universe and the → Milne Universe.

empty; → Universe.

Enceladus (Saturn II)
  انکلادوس   
Enkelâdos (#)

Fr.: Encelade   

The eighth of Saturn's known satellites, about 500 km in diameter, it orbits Saturn at a mean distance of 238,000 km with a period of 1.37 days. Enceladus has the highest albedo (> 0.9) of any body in the solar system. Its surface is dominated by clean ice. Discovered by Herschel in 1789.

In Gk. mythology Enceladus was a Titan who battled Athene in their war against the gods. When he fled the battlefield, Athene crushed him beneath the Sicilian Mount Etna.

Enkelâdos, from the original Gk. pronunciation of the name.

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