An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 3079 Search : on
regression function
  کریای ِ وایازش   
karyâ-ye vâyâzeš

Fr.: fonction de régression   

A mathematical function that describes the relationship between two or more variables in a set of data.

regression, → function.

regression line
  خط ِ وایازش   
xatt-e vâyâzeš

Fr.: droite de régression   

The curve representing a → linear regression. It is a line drawn through a set of data that summarizes the relationship between the → variables being studied.

regression, → line.

regression of the nodes
  پسرفت ِ گره‌ها، ~ گوزهرها   
pasraft-e gerehhâ , ~ gowzahrhâ

Fr.: régression des noeuds   

The slow motion of the → nodes of the Moon's orbit in the opposite direction to the Moon's movement. This westward motion, caused by perturbations of other bodies, mainly the Earth and Sun, has a rate of 19.35 degrees per year, making one rotation in 18.6 years.

regression; → node.

regular function
  کریای ِ باسامان   
karyâ-ye bâsâmân

Fr.: fonction régulière   

A function of a complex variable which is single-valued in a domain and which has a finite derivative at every point.

regular; → function.

regular reflection
  بازتاب ِ باسامان   
bâztâb-e bâsâmân

Fr.: réflexion régulière   

The reflection of light when the reflecting surface is very smooth and the reflected rays bounce off parallel to each other. Opposite of → diffuse reflection; same as → specular reflection.

regular; → reflection.

regulation
  رزنش   
razaneš

Fr.: régulation   

1) The act of regulating; the state of being regulated.
2) A law, rule, or other order prescribed by authority.
3) Electronics: The degree by which a voltage source is held near its no-load amplitude when a load is applied.

Verbal noun of → regulate.

Regulus (α Leonis)
  شیردل   
Širdel

Fr.: Régulus   

The brightest star in the constellation → Leo (V = 1.35). Regulus is approximately 77.5 light-years from Earth. It is a triple star system composed of a hot, bluish-white star with a pair of small, faint companions. The main star (Regulus A) is a main sequence of type B7, with a luminosity 140 times brighter than the Sun. Its equatorial rotation speed being 317 kilometers per second, the fast rotation distorts Regulus into an oblate spheroid with an equatorial diameter about 30 percent larger than the polar diameter. As a result, the poles, with a temperature of 15,400 Kelvin, are much hotter than the equator, which glows at 10,200 Kelvin.

L., literally "little king," diminutive of rex "king," related to regere "to keep straight, guide, lead, rule," from PIE base *reg- "to rule, to lead straight, to put right;" akin to Pers. râst "right, straight, correct," → right.

Širdel, literally "the Lion's heart," on the model of Ar. Qalb al-Asad (قلب‌الاسد), from šir "lion;" Mid.Pers. šagr "lion" + del "heart;" Mid.Pers. dil; Av. zərəd- "heart;" cf. Skt. hrd-; Gk. kardia; L. cor Arm. sirt; PIE base *kerd- "heart;" O.E. heorte; E. heart; Ger. Herz; Bret. kreiz "middle."

reionization
  بازیونش   
bâzyoneš

Fr.: reionisation   

1) The act or process of reionizing a gas; an instance of this action.
2) The → ionization of → neutral hydrogen atoms formed during → recombination epoch in the → early Universe. See also → reionization epoch.

re-; → ionize.

reionization epoch
  زیمه‌ی ِ بازیونش   
zime-ye bâzyoneš

Fr.: époque de réionisation   

An early epoch in the → Universe's history, but after the → recombination epoch, when the → first stars formed and their → ultraviolet light began to ionize the → neutral hydrogen gas that filled the Universe. The epoch of reionization is estimated to last between → redshifts of 12 to 6 (or when the Universe had between 2 and 5% of its age). Reionization marks the end of the → Dark Age in cosmic history.

reionization; → epoch.

reionize
  بازیونیدن   
bâzyonidan

Fr.: reioniser   

1) To become → ionized again.
2) To → ionize again.

re-; → ionize.

relation
  بازانش   
bâzâneš

Fr.: relation   

General: A connection or association between two or more things.
Math.: A property that associates two quantities in a definite order, as equality or inequality.

Verbal noun of → relate.

relation symbol
  نماد ِ باز‌آنش   
nemâd-e bâzâneš

Fr.: symbole de relation   

Same as → predicate symbol.

relation; → symbol.

relational
  بازانشی   
bâzâneši

Fr.: relationnel   

Of or pertaining to relations.

relation + → -al.

relational data structure
  ساختار ِ داده‌های ِ بازانشی   
sâxtâr-e dâdehâ-ye bâzâneši

Fr.: structure de données relationnelle   

A type of data structure in which data are represented as tables in which no entry contains more than one value.

relational; → data; → structure.

relational system
  راژمان ِ بازانشی   
râžmân-e bâzâneši

Fr.: système relationnel   

A database management system in which a relational data structure is used.

relational; → system.

relativistic aberration
  بیراهش ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
birâheš-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: aberration relativiste   

The aberration of light for an object moving with → relativistic speed. In contrast to the classical case, the → Lorentz transformation between the → rest frame of the observer and that of the object must be used. Relativistic aberration is expressed by the equation: cos φ' = (cos φ - )/(1 - cos φ.v/c), where φ is the classical → aberration angle, v the speed of the Earth, and c the → speed of light. It can also be expressed as: tan φ' = -(c/v)(1 - v2/c)1/2.

relativistic; → aberration.

relativistic precession
  پیشایان ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
pišâyân-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: précession relativiste   

A → general relativistic phenomenon in which the line joining the → apsides of an orbit gradually rotates in a → prograde direction. Also called the → orbital precession and → perihelion precession. Although the general relativistic precession of Mercury's orbit is extremely small, the similar precession observed in the orbit of the → binary pulsar PSR B1913+16 amounts to 4.23 degrees per year, i.e. 36,000 times greater than the → advance of perihelion of Mercury.

relativistic; → precession.

relativistic spin precession
  پیشایان ِ آسه‌ی ِ چرخش ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
pišâyân-e âse-ye carxeš-e bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: précession de l'axe de rotation relativiste   

The change in the direction of the → rotation axis of a → pulsar in a → binary pulsar. In such a system, → geodetic precession leads to a relativistic → spin-orbit coupling, analogous of → spin-orbit coupling in atomic physics. In consequence, the pulsar spin precesses about the total → angular momentum, changing the relative → orientation of the pulsar toward Earth (Damour & Ruffini, 1974). As a result, the angle between the pulsar → rotation axis and our → line of sight changes with time, so that different portions of the emission beam can be observed leading to changes in the measured pulse profile. In extreme cases, the precession may even move the beam out of our line of sight and the pulsar may disappear as predicted for PSR 1913+16 for the year 2025.

relativistic; → spin; → precession.

relaxation
  واهلش   
vâheleš (#)

Fr.: relaxation   

1) The evolution of the properties of a physical system which has been disturbed and which regains its equilibrium condition once the disturbing action has ceased. Relaxation is the response of the system to the perturbation. The time required by the system to regain its condition of minimum energy is called the → relaxation time.
2) Math.: In numerical analysis, a method of solving equations in which the errors, or residuals, resulting from an initial approximation are reduced by succeeding approximations until finally all are within the toleration limit.

Verbal noun of → relax.

relaxation time
  زمان ِ واهلش   
zamân-e vâhaleš

Fr.: temps de relaxation   

The characteristic length of time that is required for a system undergoing → relaxation to move to its equilibrium state. If the system follows an exponential law G = G0 exp(-t / τ), the relaxation time is the time required for G to obtain the fraction 1/e of its initial value G0.

relaxation; → time.

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